Cases reported "Heart Septal Defects"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/13. Spontaneous resolution of the septal defects in atrioventricular septal defect.

    It is known that atrial septal defects of the secundum type and ventricular septal defects may undergo spontaneous closure. However, it is not well recognized that atrioventricular septal defects may infrequently also undergo spontaneous resolution. We report one case of complete atrioventricular septal defect that underwent spontaneous closure of the ventricular component. We also describe one case of partial atrioventricular septal defect with almost complete spontaneous resolution of the interatrial communication. Presence of shunting across the defects is demonstrated by color Doppler echocardiography, along with later absence of shunting. The rate of spontaneous resolution is estimated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/13. Gerbode's defect resulting from infective endocarditis.

    We present a report of a Gerbode's defect (left ventricular-right atrial communication) resulting from bacterial endocarditis in a 63-year-old man. Also presented is a brief overview of the literature and a possible preoperative echocardiographic diagnostic criterion relating to this unusual condition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/13. Right-to-left interatrial shunt despite normal pulmonary artery pressure. Anatomical implications.

    Platypnea-orthodeoxia is a rare syndrome characterized by dyspnea induced by the upright position and relieved by supine position and an arterial deoxygenation increased by the upright position which improves during recumbency. In many cases, this syndrome has been associated with patent foramen ovale and right-to-left shunt. Several anatomical factors that can alter the atrial anatomy and facilitate shunting through an interatrial communication have been related with this syndrome. We present a case in which an enlarged aortic root was the main anatomical factor that contributed to transient right-to-left shunting induced by postural changes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/13. A communication from the left ventricle to the right atrium: a defect in the central fibrous body.

    An isolated defect in the membranous atrioventricular septum was found in a five-year-old girl who presented with a cystic lesion in the right atrium. This type of left ventricular-right atrial communication could result from a structural abnormality of the central fibrous body in combination with arrested maturation of the membranous ventricular septum.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/13. Echocardiographic diagnosis of congenital left ventricular-right atrial communication.

    The clinical diagnosis of congenital left ventricular-right atrial (LV-RA) communication is difficult. echocardiography appears to be a useful method in the diagnosis of this congenital cardiac defect. In previous reports authors have described M-mode echocardiographic findings of this anomaly. We present here two-dimensional echo findings in a patient with congenital LV-RA communication. A 12 year old boy presented the following echocardiographic findings. A perimembranous septal defect and an abnormal tricuspid septal leaflet were seen. The defect was located at the membranous atrioventricular septum, resulting in a communication between the RA and the LV. Pulsed Doppler echocardiography demonstrated turbulent flow through the defect during systole, suggesting an LV-RA communication. M-mode echo examination of the septal tricuspid leaflet revealed systolic fluttering of the tricuspid valve. Peripheral vein contrast echocardiography showed passage of the echo contrast material from the RA to the LV (positive contrast effect). At the same time there was a negative contrast effect during ventricular systole, indicating a left to right shunt from the LV to the RA. After surgical repair of the anomaly, systolic flutter of the tricuspid valve and the other findings disappeared echocardiographically, as they did in the other reported cases. We can conclude that two-dimensional echocardiography with M-mode evaluation is a reliable method for the diagnosis of congenital LV-RA communication, and that this method should be applied to all cases where this anomaly is suspected clinically.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 9
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/13. Left ventricular right atrial communication. A case report.

    Left ventricular-right atrial communication is a relatively rare surgically corrigible congenital heart defect. We report a case with review of the literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/13. Atrioventricular septal defect after surgical resection of a subaortic shelf.

    Left ventricular to right atrial (LV-RA) communications are rare septal defects. The majority of them are congenital in origin and acquired defects are exceedingly rare. The causes of acquired LV-RA communications include chest trauma, infective endocarditis, and valvar replacement. This report describes a case of direct LV-RA and interventricular communications occurring three months after excision of a subaortic shelf.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/13. Repair of common atrioventricular canal associated with transposition of the great arteries and left ventricular outflow obstruction.

    A 9-year-old girl was successfully operated upon for transposition of the great arteries (TGA), complete atrioventricular (AV) canal, severe left ventricular outflow obstruction, absence of the coronary sinus, and a large left superior vena cava draining into the left upper corner of a common atrium. The interventricular communication was closed and the common AV orifice was partitioned, a Mustard operation was performed, and a valved conduit was inserted between the left ventricle and the pulmonary artery. This operation, which leads to a four-chamber heart, may be preferable for this condition to the previously reported Fontan type of repair. The same approach may be also used to correct those cases of double-outlet right ventricle with complete AV canal in which the interventricular communication does not extend into the perimembranous area.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/13. The spectrum of left ventricular-right atrial communications in the adult: essentials of echocardiographic assessment.

    Left ventricular-right atrial communication may be a congenital defect or can result from trauma, endocarditis, or valve replacement. Traditionally the preoperative diagnosis of this entity was made during cardiac catheterization, but recent advances in echocardiography, particularly color Doppler imaging, have greatly facilitated the noninvasive diagnosis of left ventricular-right atrial communication. We present four cases of left ventricular-right atrial communication, each identified by two-dimensional and color Doppler imaging. One case is a congenital defect, two were identified years after cardiac surgery, and one presents as an unusual complication of myocardial infarction. Optimal views for identifying this defect are discussed along with clues to quantifying its hemodynamic significance.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/13. A rare case of inferior venacaval type of atrial septal defect in an adult: echocardiographic features.

    We report a rare type of atrial septal defect with communication between the left atrium and the inferior vena cava. This type of defect has been referred to as a low sinus venous type of atrial septal defect because of its developmental origin, and possibly is caused by defective absorption of the left venous valve of the sinus venosus into the septum secundum. Detailed echocardiographic features are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Heart Septal Defects'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.