Cases reported "Heart Septal Defects"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/46. Premature closure of foramen ovale and renal vein thrombosis in a stillborn twin homozygous for methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphism: a clinicopathologic case study.

    Premature closure of the foramen ovale, 4-chamber cardiac hypertrophy, and renal vein/vena cava thrombosis were found at autopsy of a stillborn dizygotic twin at 36 weeks gestational age. review of the original prenatal sonograms showed features suggestive of early closure of the foramen ovale. Homozygosity for the 5, 10 methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase mutation was shown only in the affected twin after the parents were found to be heterozygous for the mutation. The difference in outcome of the twins following prenatal treatment with beta mimetics and corticosteroids for preterm labor may be related to the added susceptibility factor for thromboembolism associated with presumed hyperhomocysteinemia in the proband which was not shared by the surviving healthy twin. The role of premature closure of the foramen ovale and prenatal treatment are discussed but remain uncertain.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = foramen
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/46. The angiocardiographic appearance of the endocardial cushion defect in selected transposition and malposition complexes.

    Although the angiocardiographic features of the endocardial cushion defect (ECD) have been well described in the patient with two normally related ventricles (D-ventricular loop in situs solitus) and normally related great arteries, little attention has been focused on the angiocardiographic appearance of the ECD in patients with complex cardiovascular disease. Because of recent surgical advances in the treatment of single ventricle and double outlet right ventricle complexes, it has become increasingly important to document the status of the atrioventricular valves in these patients. The angiocardiographic features of the ECD are therefore described in two patients, one with D-loop, single left ventricle and outlet chamber, D-transposition of the great arteries, bilateral conus and pulmonary stenosis and the other with dextrocardia, situs inversus, double outlet right ventricle, common atrioventricular canal and pulmonary stenosis. In both patients, the left ventricular outflow tract, despite aortic-mitral discontinuity, is characterized by elongation, scalloping and serration, and the classic appearance of the "gooseneck" deformity is observed on left ventricular angiography. It thus appears that aortic-mitral continuity and two well-formed, normally related ventricles and great arteries are not invariable necessary to the manifestation of the "gooseneck" deformity in the patient with complex cardiovascular disease and associated endocardial cushion defect.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.82980157696485
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/46. Two-dimensional color doppler echocardiographic imaging of a Gerbode defect: a case report.

    A Gerbode defect is a ventricular septal defect that communicates directly between the left ventricle and the right atrium. The pathology may be due to a congenital defect, can result from trauma, or can occur after endocarditis or aortic valve replacement. We report the case of a 20-year-old man who has a defect between the left ventricle and the right atrium (Gerbode defect) that was diagnosed with two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.27660052565495
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/46. Unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect with parachute valve.

    A 5-month-old male patient presented with right-dominant unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect and left-sided parachute valve, and underwent successful biventricular repair. Because of the presence of a small left ventricle, left atrium, and a single left papillary muscle, an additional orifice was created in the left-sided atrioventricular valve with artificial partitioning of the right-sided atrioventricular valve. There was no evidence of mitral stenosis or regurgitation on follow-up echocardiography.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.13830026282747
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/46. Complete surgical repair of aortic atresia with a normal left ventricle.

    Aortic atresia with a normal left ventricle and normal mitral valve is an uncommon congenital lesion. We present two such cases and describe two different approaches of achieving biventricular surgical repair.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.69150131413737
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/46. Detecting intrapulmonary right-to-left shunt with contrast echocardiography. Observations in a patient with diffuse pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas.

    Contrast echocardiography has been useful in detecting intracardiac right-to-left shunts. In a patient with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and diffuse pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas, we have demonstrated the feasibility of detecting intrapulmonary right-to left shunting using this technique. After venous injection of indocyanine green dye, the characteristic contrast flow pattern consisted of a markedly delayed appearance of echoes in the left ventricle.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.13830026282747
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/46. Mitral atresia with premature closure of foramen ovale. A rare hemodynamic cause for failure of Blalock-Taussig anastomosis to relieve inadequate pulmonary blood flow.

    The clinical, hemodynamic, and surgical findings encountered in the management of a hypoxic male infant with a rare and complex variety of cyanotic congenital heart disease associated with inadequate pulmonary blood flow are described. A poor clinical response to creation of a Blalock-Taussig anastomosis led to the discovery of mitral atresia complicated by premature closure of the foramen ovale and partially relieved by the presence of a levoatriocardinal vein. The subsequent creation of an atrial septal defect enhanced the function of the subclavian artery to pulmonary artery anastomosis and provided palliative relief of hypoxia. Some of the clinical and laboratory findings indicating the presence of additional lesions complicating the picture of a tetralogy of fallot and requiring additional surgical considerations are discussed. The experience indicates that hemodynamic as well as surgical causes may explain the failure of a systemic artery to pulmonary artery anastomosis to function adequately and should be sought.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = foramen
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/46. Successful correction of double outlet left atrium associated with complete atrioventricular canal and l-loop double outlet right ventricle with stenosis of the pulmonary artery.

    The first successful correction of "double outlet left atrium" was presented. This lesion is inevitably associated with complete A-V canal, and may have many associated anomalies. Technical problems concerning the total correction of this anomaly were discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5532010513099
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/46. Coexistence of ductal constriction and closure of the foramen ovale in utero.

    We report a fetus with an unusual combination of a narrow ductus arteriosus (DA) and foramen ovale. A pregnant mother was referred at 26 weeks of gestation for fetal pericardial effusion. Fetal echocardiography showed pericardial effusion, right atrial enlargement, right ventricular hypertrophy, and tricuspid regurgitation. The DA looked tortuous with S-shaped kinking. The atrial septum primum bulged into the left atrium. color Doppler did not show any flow across the atrial septum. cesarean section was performed at 31 weeks of gestation. Admission to intensive care was required after delivery, but the infant gradually improved and was discharged home without any sequela.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = foramen
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/46. Right-to-left interatrial shunt despite normal pulmonary artery pressure. Anatomical implications.

    Platypnea-orthodeoxia is a rare syndrome characterized by dyspnea induced by the upright position and relieved by supine position and an arterial deoxygenation increased by the upright position which improves during recumbency. In many cases, this syndrome has been associated with patent foramen ovale and right-to-left shunt. Several anatomical factors that can alter the atrial anatomy and facilitate shunting through an interatrial communication have been related with this syndrome. We present a case in which an enlarged aortic root was the main anatomical factor that contributed to transient right-to-left shunting induced by postural changes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = foramen
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Heart Septal Defects'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.