Cases reported "Heartburn"

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1/15. A practical approach to heartburn.

    heartburn and other symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease can be a lifelong problem, affecting millions of Americans each year. Fortunately, treatment has improved dramatically over the past decade. Medications currently available are remarkably safe and, with proper selection, almost universally effective. When indicated, surgical treatment is also highly effective.
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ranking = 1
keywords = reflux
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2/15. Nonerosive reflux disease.

    Until recently, the finding of erosive esophagitis in patients with chronic heartburn was thought to indicate more severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, recent data suggests that this is not necessarily true. Seventy-five percent of patient's chronic heartburn have moderate to severe symptoms, regardless of the presence or absence of esophagitis. Nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) is characterized by heartburn symptoms for at least 3 months with no evidence of esophagitis. patients with NERD are similar to patients with esophagitis in symptom severity, quality of life scores, and response to anti-reflux therapy. There are probably 3 distinct groups of NERD patients, those with pathologic reflux, those with a heightened sensitivity to physiologic reflux and those with other medical problems mistaken for reflux. This article discusses the 3 clinical scenarios.
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ranking = 166.77092200092
keywords = esophagitis, reflux
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3/15. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding: complications and side effects responsible for the poor long-term outcome.

    In a remarkably short time, Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) has become a common operation for morbid obesity in europe and elsewhere. More than 70,000 such procedures have been performed in recent years. We used LAGB as a routine treatment for morbid obesity in 90 patients between 1994 and 1996. We agree with other authors that LAGB is the least invasive of all gastric restrictive procedures, resulting in a low perioperative mortality and morbidity. The weight loss appears to be similar to that obtained by vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). However, our long-term follow-up studies, including endoscopic examinations, as well as recent data in the literature also indicate a number of significant problems with LAGB. Patient discomfort occurs frequently in the postoperative course. When questioned according to a standardized protocol 2 years after surgery, every other patient in our series admitted heartburn and acid regurgitation. Regular endoscopic surveillance revealed a prevalence of erosive esophagitis of 44%. After a median follow-up of 7 years, 58% of the patients had been reoperated on, almost always with excision of the banding system and conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). The reasons for reoperation were esophagitis, band erosion, pouch dilatation, leakage from the balloon, and esophageal dilatation, complications that also have been described in several recent papers in the literature. Our prediction is that LAGB will not stand the test of time.
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ranking = 78.385461000461
keywords = esophagitis
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4/15. Does chemoprevention of Barrett's esophagus using acid suppression and/or COX-2 inhibition prevent neoplastic progression?

    Barrett's esophagus--intestinal metaplasia within the tubular esophagus - is a premalignant histologic lesion and a marker of cancer risk. Strategies to prevent Barrett's-related esophageal cancer have focused on reversal of Barrett's using pharmacological or surgical antireflux therapies and endoscopically-induced injury. Currently, however, there is little compelling evidence to support the reversal of Barrett's through pharmacological or surgical therapy, and endoscopic reversal of Barrett's has not yet been validated. chemoprevention using intensive acid suppression and/or inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs remains a biologically plausible strategy that is supported by a rapidly growing body of scientific evidence. Data suggest that a combination of acid suppression with COX-2 inhibition might be the most effective chemopreventive strategy. Whether this approach is effective awaits the results of well-designed outcomes studies.
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ranking = 1
keywords = reflux
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5/15. omeprazole-induced intractable cough.

    OBJECTIVE: To report a case of chronic, persistent cough induced by omeprazole therapy.CASE SUMMARY: A 42-year-old white woman presented with chronic, persistent cough after omeprazole initiation for treatment of postoperative heartburn. The cough was permanent, dry, and exhausting and worsened at night. omeprazole therapy was continued for 4 months because the persistent cough was thought to be related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, no cause of persistent, chronic cough was identified. After omeprazole discontinuation, the cough resolved. DISCUSSION: The most common causes of chronic cough in nonsmokers of all ages are postnasal drip syndrome, asthma, and GERD. However, persistent cough without bronchospasm or other pulmonary involvement may occur as a drug adverse effect. According to the US omeprazole package insert, cough is observed as an adverse reaction in 1.1% of patients, although this has not been mentioned in international drug information sources or medical literature. A medline search (1966-June 2003) using the terms cough, drug related, adverse effects, and omeprazole failed to find any data. In our patient, there was a temporal relationship between cough and medication use, suggesting a causal relationship. An objective causality assessment revealed that the adverse drug reaction was probable. The mechanism is unclear. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic, persistent cough may occur as an adverse effect of omeprazole therapy. Clinicians must be aware of this adverse effect to avoid useless and costly tests.
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ranking = 1
keywords = reflux
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6/15. air swallowing can be responsible for non-response of heartburn to high-dose proton pump inhibitor.

    Intraluminal electrical impedance is a novel technique, which is able for the first time to provide a qualitative assessment of refluxed material moving from the stomach to the oesophagus. In other words, the presence of air can be differentiated from that of liquid, because the former is characterised by high and the latter by low impedance compared with baseline. Moreover, the combined measurement of electrical impedance and pH-metry permits to distinguish acid from non-acid liquid reflux. One of the most important clinical applications of this method is to assess the reasons for poor response of GORD patients to high-dose proton pump inhibitors. This case report describes the results of impedance in the evaluation of a young woman, who did not respond to twice-daily doses of rabeprazole. She continued to complain of heartburn as major symptom and impedance allowed us to clarify that it was not related to acid or non-acid reflux, but to air swallowing. Therefore, this technique identified aerophagia to be responsible for persistent heartburn despite high-dose proton pump inhibitor and prevented the adoption of more aggressive, but probably unuseful therapies, such as the surgical one.
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ranking = 3
keywords = reflux
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7/15. Esophageal motility, heartburn, and gastroesophageal reflux: variations in clinical presentation of esophageal dysphagia.

    Dysphagia is a potentially important symptom, often leading to the finding of an anatomical or motility disorder of the esophagus. Dysphagia and heartburn represent two of the most common symptoms associated with esophageal motility disorders. To explore the relationship of symptomatic esophageal dysphagia and heartburn and their association with primary esophageal motor disorders, we have performed a retrospective assessment of 1035 patient evaluations performed at our gastrointestinal laboratory. A clear statistical association of symptomatic dysphagia and heartburn was established; however, no pattern diagnostic of a specific motility disorder was discernible. A sizable fraction of our patient population with dysphagia demonstrated normal esophageal motility. A significant portion of dyspeptic patients exhibited both normal motility and acid exposure. The differences observed between the incidence of subjective symptoms and objective dysfunction may be explained in part by an altered or increased esophageal sensitivity of these patients.
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ranking = 4
keywords = reflux
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8/15. Hiccups: esophageal manometric features and relationship to gastroesophageal reflux.

    gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been reported to be a cause of hiccups. Conversely, some reports state that hiccups cause or adversely affect GER disease. There have been few descriptions in the literature of what hiccups do to esophageal motility. We present a patient with long-standing symptomatic GER and intractable hiccups. Esophageal manometry during hiccups showed absence of LES pressure and absence of peristaltic activity in the esophageal body in response to swallowing, factors which could aggravate GER. Esophageal motility in the absence of hiccups was normal. Antireflux surgery in our patient relieved heartburn but not hiccups. Based on our case and a review of the literature, we believe that clinicians should be cautious in recommending antireflux surgery to treat hiccups in patients with both hiccups and heartburn.
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ranking = 7
keywords = reflux
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9/15. Rumination, heartburn, and daytime gastroesophageal reflux. A case study with mechanisms defined and successfully treated with biofeedback therapy.

    A 31-year-old man with a 19-year history of rumination developed frequent episodes of heartburn and regurgitation associated with acid gastroesophageal reflux that occurred predominantly during the day. This reflux and its attendant symptoms resulted from abdominal muscle contractions at the time of gastroesophageal pressure equilibration (i.e., common cavity phenomena) consistent with the egress of air from the stomach to the esophagus. A voluntary pharyngeal maneuver unassociated with swallowing but simultaneous with the abdominal contraction resulted in a decrease in upper esophageal sphincter pressure. This lowered pressure facilitated acid esophagopharyngeal regurgitation at a velocity of 100 cm/s. Biofeedback therapy directed at relaxing the abdominal muscles during eating and avoiding the pharyngeal maneuver resulted in a decrease in reflux and marked improvement in symptoms.
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ranking = 7
keywords = reflux
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10/15. Barrett's esophagus in a patient with achalasia.

    Barrett's esophagus has been reported in patients with achalasia who have undergone esophagomyotomy. The condition was thought to be acquired from gastroesophageal reflux secondary to the iatrogenically produced incompetent sphincter. We present the case of a patient with Barrett's esophagus and achalasia without any previous surgical intervention.
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ranking = 1
keywords = reflux
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