Cases reported "Hemangioblastoma"

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11/173. hemangioblastoma of the internal acoustic canal in a patient with von hippel-lindau disease: a case report and review of the literature.

    We report a case of von hippel-lindau disease in a 55-year-old woman who presented with an intracanalicular hemangioblastoma and discuss the otologic manifestations of this disease. A review of the literature revealed no previous reports of this entity originating in the internal acoustic canal. ( info)

12/173. dna-based diagnosis of the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome.

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the etiology of a unilateral hemangioblastoma noted in a male with a family history remarkable only for spine surgery in the proband's father. methods: Genomic dna was isolated from peripheral blood of family members, and the three exons of the von Hippel-Lindau gene were examined for mutations by direct sequencing. RESULTS: A three base pair (bp) deletion in exon 1 of the VHL gene was found in the father and both sons. This in-frame deletion results in the loss of a phenylalanine residue from the von Hippel-Lindau protein product, at amino acid position 76. CONCLUSION: Genetic screening has confirmed that von Hippel-Lindau syndrome is responsible for the hemangioblastoma in the proband. magnetic resonance imaging scans performed as a consequence of these results indicated spinal tumors present in the father and tumors present in the cerebellum of the proband's sibling. As close, lifelong follow-up is warranted with this disease, this case demonstrates the value of dna testing in patients with ocular findings consistent with von hippel-lindau disease in the absence of a recognized family history. ( info)

13/173. A family with hydrocephalus as a complication of cerebellar hemangioblastoma: identification of Pro157Leu mutation in the VHL gene.

    Various mutations in the VHL gene on chromosome 3p25-26 are responsible for von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome. We report on a Japanese VHL family in which two of the three affected members developed acute occlusive hydrocephalus that necessitated emergency surgery for ventricular shunt or drainage. Direct sequencing and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis identified a germline missense mutation, proline-to-leucine, caused by a C-to-T transition at the second nucleotide of codon 157. ( info)

14/173. Hemangioblastomas with blood supply from the dural arteries--two case reports.

    Hemangioblastomas are benign vascular tumors that often occur in the cerebellum, and are located near the pia mater. The blood supply is usually received through the pia mater, and rarely through the external carotid artery. The present cases of hemangioblastoma received blood supply from the external carotid artery (occipital artery) and a branch of the internal carotid artery (carotico-tympanic artery or artery of Bernasconi Cassinari) through the dural branches. The dural arteries were not the main feeders in either case, but preoperative embolization of the occipital artery contributed to minimum bleeding during the operation in one case. Incomplete resection of hemangioblastoma is related to multicentricity of the tumors, small mural nodules, or brain stem involvement. angiography is valuable for demonstrating arterial supply to small or multiple mural nodules. Conventional angiography is necessary for investigation of the external carotid artery branches. ( info)

15/173. Retroperitoneal peripheral hemangioblastoma: a case report and review of the literature.

    central nervous system hemangioblastomas are uncommon tumors of controversial etiology that are usually found in the posterior fossa of the cranial cavity, retina, and spinal cord. Peripheral involvement is rare; only isolated case reports have been identified. We report an unusual case of hemangioblastoma involving the retroperitoneum. A 47-year-old African-American man presented with polycythemia on routine laboratory testing. Computed tomography revealed a large retroperitoneal mass near the pancreas, in a left suprarenal location, without adrenal involvement and without attachment to a nerve. Although hemangioblastoma may be associated with the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, this patient did not have any of the stigmata of this disease. The histologic features included a highly vascular tumor with cellular areas composed of plump, pleomorphic spindled and epithelioid (stromal) cells with variable cytoplasmic lipid vacuoles and hypocellular areas with inflammatory cells and collagenous fibrils. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor (stromal) cells were positive for vimentin, calponin, S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, and CD57 and negative for glial fibrillary acidic protein, cytokeratins, epithelial membrane antigen, CD34, HMB-45, desmin, and the actins. These morphologic and immunohistochemical findings are consistent with hemangioblastoma. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of a hemangioblastoma in this location. Based on this case we conclude that hemangioblastoma may occur in the retroperitoneum and outside of the central nervous system in a patient without von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. The immunoprofile of this case suggests that hemangioblastomas are mesenchymal neoplasms exhibiting both neural and myofibroblastic differentiation. ( info)

16/173. adult choroid plexus papilloma of the posterior fossa mimicking a hemangioblastoma. Case report.

    The authors report a case of cystic choroid plexus papilloma that originated in the posterior fossa. No connection with the ventricular system was found intraoperatively. Magnetic resonance (MR) and computerized tomography imaging did not furnish a diagnosis, but findings of pathological examinations were consistent with those of choroid plexus papilloma. The authors describe the different appearances of the tumor on MR images and discuss the differential diagnosis with other tumors of the posterior fossa. ( info)

17/173. Resection of suprasellar tumors by using a modified transsphenoidal approach. Report of four cases.

    Generally accepted contraindications to using a transsphenoidal approach for resection of tumors that arise in or extend into the suprasellar region include a normal-sized sella turcica, normal pituitary function, and adherence of tumor to vital intracranial structures. Thus, the transsphenoidal approach has traditionally been restricted to the removal of tumors involving the pituitary fossa and, occasionally, to suprasellar extensions of such tumors if the sella is enlarged. However, conventional transcranial approaches to the suprasellar region require significant brain retraction and offer limited visualization of contralateral tumor extension and the interface between the tumor and adjacent structures, such as the hypothalamus, third ventricle, optic apparatus, and major arteries. In this paper the authors describe successful removal of suprasellar tumors by using a modified transsphenoidal approach that circumvents some of the traditional contraindications to transsphenoidal surgery, while avoiding some of the disadvantages of transcranial surgery. Four patients harbored tumors (two craniopharyngiomas and two hemangioblastomas) that arose in the suprasellar region and were located either entirely (three patients) or primarily (one patient) within the suprasellar space. All patients had a normal-sized sella turcica. Preoperatively, three of the four patients had significant endocrinological deficits signifying involvement of the hypothalamus, pituitary stalk, or pituitary gland. Two patients exhibited preoperative visual field defects. For tumor excision, a recently described modification of the traditional transsphenoidal approach was used. Using this modification, one removes the posterior portion of the planum sphenoidale, allowing access to the suprasellar region. Total resection of tumor was achieved (including absence of residual tumor on follow-up imaging) in three of the four patients. In the remaining patient, total removal was not possible because of adherence of tumor to the hypothalamus and midbrain. One postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak occurred. Postoperative endocrinological function was worse than preoperative function in one patient. No other new postoperative endocrinological or neurological deficits were encountered. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using a modified transsphenoidal approach for resection of certain suprasellar, nonpituitary tumors. ( info)

18/173. MKM-guided resection of diffuse brainstem neoplasms.

    OBJECTIVES: Some primary brainstem tumors, when extensive, are considered inoperable. We wanted to assess the value of robotic image-guided microscopic surgery in the resection of these tumors and to improve survival and quality of life for these patients. methods: Two patients with extensive brainstem tumors were evaluated at our center. They previously underwent several biopsies, attempted partial resections, radiotherapy and shunting. They presented with progressive neurological deterioration, 'coma vigil' for several months, and required life-supporting measures prior to surgery. Both patients underwent frameless stereotactic craniotomy using a MKM robotic microscope, intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, and extensive resection of their recurrent brainstem tumors. RESULTS: In the immediate weeks after surgery, both patients became interactive and regained major motor and cranial nerve deficits present prior to surgery. Nine months after surgery, 1 patient succumbed to pneumonia. At 2 years after the operation, 1 patient has maintained his neurological status and showed no recurrence on imaging studies. CONCLUSIONS: Image-guided surgery with an MKM microscope allows surgical outlines to be injected in the microscope viewer and facilitates resection of extensive brainstem tumors previously considered inoperable. ( info)

19/173. A cellular variant of supratentorial hemangioblastoma.

    Supratentorial hemangioblastomas are rarely seen, especially in children and adolescents. We report the case of a 17-year-old male with supratentorial hemangioblastoma. neuroimaging demonstrated a cystic lesion within the right parietal lobe. Systemic examination revealed no abnormality. The lesion was not attached to the dura and was not associated with von hippel-lindau disease. It was very difficult to confirm the final diagnosis of this case, in spite of extensive examination by light microscopy, immunohistochemical studies, and electron microscopy. ( info)

20/173. The relationship between angioblastoma (Nakagawa) and tufted angioma: report of four cases with angioblastoma and a literature-based comparison of the two conditions.

    We report four recent cases of angioblastoma (Nakagawa). Histopathologic examinations of all cases revealed dispersed islets of clear marginal lobules of varying sizes in the dermis. Neoplastic endothelioid cells with moderate atypia and enlarged capillaries containing erythrocytes were found in the conglomerates. Recently, the features of this disease have been compared to the tufted angioma that has been reported in europe and the U.S. Our evaluation suggests that these two diseases are very likely the same. We suggest that this disease should be called "angioblastoma" in agreement with the first report of this disease by Nakagawa. ( info)
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