Cases reported "Hemangiosarcoma"

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1/39. Immunohistochemical characterization of thyroid gland angiomatoid tumors.

    The histogenesis of thyroid gland angiomatoid tumors, probably as a primary angiosarcoma, has been a controversy for many years. These tumors may be variants of undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinomas. We report a thyroid gland angiomatoid carcinoma in a 61-year-old African American male. The tumor had a heterogeneous pattern with both sarcomatous and epithelioid areas. Tumor cells lined some vascular-like spaces and others had intracytoplasmic lumens containing red blood cells. The tumor cells were found to express multiple endothelial (factor viii-related antigen, CD31, CD34, and ulex europaeus I lectin) and epithelial (cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen) markers as well as thyroglobulin by immunohistochemistry. This rare presentation demonstrates the heterogeneous nature of thyroid gland angiomatoid carcinoma with both epithelial and endothelial differentiation.
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keywords = gland
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2/39. hemangiosarcoma of the adrenal glands: CT findings in two cases.

    Hemangiosarcomas of the adrenal gland, both benign and malignant, are exceedingly rare; only a dozen of them have been reported in literature to our knowledge. We describe herein the findings at CT of 2 primary hemangiosarcomas of the adrenal glands. We also discuss their etiology, incidence, and differential diagnosis, particularly in relation to more frequent primary adrenal lesions, such as adrenal adenomas and carcinomas. CT will generally show a heterogeneous mass with frequent necrosis, contrast-enhancement, and occasional calcifications. A prospective diagnosis cannot be made by imaging alone, and pathology represents the discriminating method for a correct diagnosis.
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ranking = 45.434167664744
keywords = adrenal gland, adrenal, gland
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3/39. Primary epithelioid angiosarcoma of the adrenal gland.

    Primary angiosarcomas of the adrenal gland are exceptionally rare vascular tumors. We report a case of a 63-year-old man with an epithelioid angiosarcoma of the left adrenal gland. Visualized on computed tomography as a nonhomogeneous round mass, the tumor measured 3 cm in diameter. histology showed a vascular tumor composed of epithelioid cells with vesicular nuclei and prominent nucleoli that lined irregular vascular spaces and also formed solid areas and showed pleomorphism and rare mitotic activity. Immunohistochemical stain confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid angiosarcoma. We report our findings and review previously described literature cases of this rare entity.
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ranking = 44.809509237499
keywords = adrenal gland, adrenal, gland
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4/39. Primary epithelioid angiosarcoma of the adrenal gland case report and review of the literature.

    Primary angiosarcoma of the adrenal gland is extremely rare. Here, we report on a 70-year-old man with an angiosarcoma of the right adrenal gland who died 3 weeks after tumor resection due to intestinal infarction and acute renal failure. No metastases were found at autopsy. Histologically, the tumor showed a predominantly epithelioid differentiation. Immunohistochemical examination revealed positive reactivity for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin, factor viii-related antigen, CD31, CD34 and ulex europaeus agglutinin-I. Features of endothelial origin were also demonstrable by electron microscopy. The differential diagnosis of this uncommon neoplasm is discussed. The present case emphasizes problems in differential diagnosis that arise from its epithelioid differentiation. A review of the literature underlines the poor clinical outcome of adrenal angiosarcoma.
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ranking = 45.121838451121
keywords = adrenal gland, adrenal, gland
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5/39. Unusual association of adrenal angiosarcoma and Cushing's disease.

    The occurrence of an angiosarcoma in the adrenal gland is exceedingly rare as only 21 patients have been reported in the literature since its first description 30 years ago. We report the clinicopathological features of a 34-year-old patient presenting with overt Cushing's syndrome due to a acth-secreting pituitary adenoma and an adrenal spindle cell angiosarcoma. This association made the diagnosis of Cushing's disease particularly puzzling in view of the results of biochemical tests which were compatible in part with adrenal and in part with paraneoplastic hypercortisolism and the negative pituitary imaging. The unique appearance of this tumor and its diagnostic implications are discussed.
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ranking = 9.3422268213177
keywords = adrenal gland, adrenal, gland
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6/39. Juxtathyroidal neck soft tissue angiosarcoma presenting as an undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma.

    Angiosarcoma is a malignant growth of endothelial origin, uncommon in the head and neck. We present the case of a 38-year-old woman with long-standing goiter who presented with a rapidly growing 6.0-cm neck mass. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the tumor showed features of "undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma (ThyrCa)." Total thyroidectomy resulted in extirpation of all gross disease. pathology revealed a high-grade angiosarcoma of the neck invading the thyroid gland, coexisting with papillary ThyrCa (follicular variant) in the contralateral lobe. Aggressive external electron beam radiotherapy was initiated for local control. Despite the absence of systemic dissemination initially, bulky neck recurrences, and pulmonary metastases developed rapidly, leading to the patient's demise on postoperative day 41. autopsy showed metastatic disease involving most organs. This case illustrates that neck angiosarcomas need to be considered in the differential diagnosis of "poorly differentiated" thyroid malignancies. These soft tissue neck tumors may complicate postoperative management due to their bleeding tendency and aggressive infiltrative behavior, and carry a dismal prognosis because of the rapidity of development of local recurrence and distant metastases.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gland
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7/39. Adrenal angiosarcoma: report of a case.

    Adrenal epithelioid angiosarcoma is an extremely rare tumor. Even if such tumors are very aggressive, a long survival may occasionally be observed after an adrenal ectomy. A 70-year-old woman suffering from persistent right flank pain showed a 5-cm right adrenal mass plus a 2-cm liver mass at the radiologic workup, and both were suspected of being malignant. No adrenal hypersecretion was demonstrated. During an explorative median laparotomy the right adrenal gland with the whole periadrenal tissue and locoregional lymph nodes was removed. A histological examination revealed an adrenal angiosarcoma. The resection margin was tumor-free with no lymph node infiltration. The liver mass turned out to be a cistobiliary adenoma. Since no distant metastases were observed, no adjuvant chemotherapy was performed. After an 18-month follow-up the patient is still well with no sign of a relapse. When this rare adrenal tumor is encountered and curative treatment is attempted initially extensive surgical procedures are essential.
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ranking = 9.3422268213177
keywords = adrenal gland, adrenal, gland
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8/39. Cytologic findings of epithelioid angiosarcoma of the thyroid. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma of the thyroid is a rare and aggressive tumor and occurs mainly in patients from central europe, especially the alpine region. The fine needle aspiration findings of a keratin-positive epithelioid angiosarcoma of the thyroid occurring in a nonmountainous area in south america is described. CASE: A 65-year-old male from Sao Paulo, brazil, presented with a mass in the anterior part of the neck with progressive enlargement for three months. The cytologic findings on the fine needle aspirate were a cellular smear composed of single cells and small clusters of neoplastic cells, oval and round. Cell borders were indistinct, and the cytoplasm was vacuolated. The nuclei were eccentrically located, with irregular nuclear membranes; single, prominent nucleoli; and a coarse chromatin pattern. Features suggestive of intracytoplasmic lumens were identified. Open surgical biopsy demonstrated a tumor infiltrating the thyroid gland and composed of large, round, atypical epithelioid cells lining vascular spaces. These neoplastic cells were immunoreactive for AE1:AE3, CK7, vimentin, CD31 and factor viii. CONCLUSION: Epithelioid angiosarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of epithelioid neoplasms of the thyroid. An immunohistochemical panel should include vascular markers even in the presence of immunoreactivity for epithelial markers.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gland
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9/39. Nodular myofibroblastic stromal hyperplasia of the mammary gland as an accurate name for pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the mammary gland.

    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) of the mammary gland is a well-known benign localized form of stromal overgrowth with probable hormonal etiology. We describe the histologic findings and immunohistochemistry of two cases. Two women, 16 and 58 years old, presented with a breast mass and underwent surgical excision. Grossly, they consisted of a well-circumscribed, rubbery tissue with a solid white-tan homogeneous cut surface. One of the cases showed focal cystic areas. Histologically the lesion showed a proliferation of the collagenous stroma with varying degrees of density, and hyalinization with many pseudovascular slit-like anastomosing spaces lined by spindle cells with scant cytoplasm and bland chromatin. The spindle cells lining the spaces were strongly reactive for vimentin and weakly reactive for CD34, actin, and desmin. They were negative for factor viii, S-100, and pankeratin. In PASH, the "pseudoangiomatous" term describes a recognizable pattern but does not describe the tumor's histologic nature. We propose the name nodular myofibroblastic hyperplasia of the mammary stroma as a more accurate name.
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ranking = 1.2857142857143
keywords = gland
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10/39. Severe intestinal bleeding caused by intestinal metastases of a primary angiosarcome of the thyroid gland.

    A 75 year old male presented with gastrointestinal bleeding after resection of both upper lobes of the lungs because of metastases. One year ago an angiosarcoma was the reason for a complete removal of the thyroid gland. In esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy we found multiple hemorrhagically stained polyploids lesions in the postbulbar duodenum and jejunum. colonoscopy showed isolated polyploid lesions of the right flexura. Because of persistent gastrointestinal bleeding a diagnostic laparotomy was done. Intraoperative intestinoscopy demonstrated multiple bleeding metastasis. To remove many of the bleeding lesions two longer intestinal segments of the jejunum and ileum were resected. The histology of the metastases showed arrangements of polygonal cells with prominent nucleoli and atypical mitosis. immunohistochemistry identified CD 31, vimentin and factor viii associated antigen. There was an erosion of the superficial intestinal mucosal cells with resulting hemorrhage; same histology had been found in the thyroid gland and the right upper lobe of lung. Eight days after surgery the patient died because of respiratory and circulatory insufficiency.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = gland
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