Cases reported "Hematoma, Subdural, Acute"

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1/3. Human kluver-bucy syndrome following acute subdural haematoma.

    We present a rare case of complete human kluver-bucy syndrome (KBS) following recovery from transtentorial herniation caused by acute subdural haematoma (ASDH). A 17-year-old right-handed high school boy got into stupor within five minutes after 3-rounds of sparing at boxing. Emergency computed tomographic (CT) scan showed right cerebral hemispheric ASDH, which was evacuated following intentional decompressive craniectomy. After recovery of consciousness, he developed emotional changes (placidity with loss of normal fear and anger), psychic blindness, aberrant sexual behaviour, excessive oral tendencies, increased appetite, and hypermetamorphosis in order of mention, which were observed with waxing and waning from 17th to 28th hospital day. Peri-operative CT scaning and magnetic resonance imaging showed lesions of the right temporal lobe and right-dominant orbitofrontal regions including bilateral rectal and medial orbital gyri, and the intact left temporal lobe. Two pathogeneses can be thought of and the whole picture of KBS following ASDH can arise even though one (left in this case) temporal lobe is preserved, 1) in which associated orbitofrontal lesions of the frontal lobes may correlate with occurrence of KBS, or 2) cerebral blood hypoperfusion of both temporal lobes due to increased intracranial pressure and/or compression of both posterior cerebral arteries at the edge of the tentorium cerebelli occurs.
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ranking = 1
keywords = decompressive craniectomy, craniectomy, decompressive
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2/3. Bilateral acute epidural hematoma after evacuation of acute subdural hematoma: brain shift and the dynamics of extraaxial collections.

    Acute epidural hematoma following supratentorial decompressive craniectomy is a very seldom described but serious complication. The occurrence of intraoperative brain swelling may suggest the development of a contralateral hematoma. A unique case of bilateral acute epidural following decompressive craniectomy and evacuation of acute subdural hematoma is presented. awareness of unexplained elevation of intracranial pressure is of paramount importance when routine immediate postoperative computed tomography is not performed. This case provides insight into the well-known but poorly understood dynamic process of brain shift and extraaxial collections.
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ranking = 2
keywords = decompressive craniectomy, craniectomy, decompressive
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3/3. Decompressive surgery for acute subdural haematoma leading to contralateral extradural haematoma: a report of two cases and review of literature.

    Development of a contralateral epidural haematoma during or immediately after cranial surgery is a well-described entity. However, in a case of acute subdural haematoma where the brain is usually tense, postoperative development of contralateral extradural haematoma is uncommon. We report two cases of contralateral extradural haematoma after decompressive surgery for acute subdural haematoma. We recommend routine postoperative CT immediately after cranial surgery for head trauma. This would help in timely detection and treatment of such a complication.
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ranking = 0.056782009485528
keywords = decompressive
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