Cases reported "Hematoma, Subdural, Acute"

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1/5. Cranial nerve palsy and intracranial subdural hematoma following implantation of intrathecal drug delivery device.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Complications related to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak and low CSF pressure can occur following placement of an intrathecal drug delivery device. methods: A 58-year-old man with chronic, intractable lower back pain underwent implantation of an intrathecal drug delivery device. On the fourth postoperative day, he developed a postural headache and diplopia with findings compatible with left sixth cranial nerve palsy. The headache subsequently became constant and nonpostural. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging was obtained that showed the presence of a posterior subdural intracranial hematoma. Conservative treatment for postdural puncture headache did not improve the symptomatology. Therefore, an epidural blood patch was performed that produced rapid improvement and eventual resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal catheter implantation can result in CSF loss that might not resolve promptly with conservative therapy. In this case, epidural blood patch proved to be a safe and effective form of treatment.
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2/5. Cranial subdural haematoma associated with dural puncture in labour.

    A 23-yr-old primagravida sustained a dural puncture during epidural catheter insertion and developed a headache that settled with oral diclofenac and codydramol. On the third day after delivery, she convulsed twice without warning. As plasma urate was increased, the putative diagnosis of an eclamptic fit was made, and magnesium therapy was started. A contrast CT scan revealed that the cause of the patient's symptoms was a subdural haematoma with raised intracranial pressure. A coincidental arteriovenous malformation was noted. This case emphasises the need to consider the differential diagnoses of post-partum headache. The management of acute intracranial haematoma is described.
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3/5. paraparesis after lumbar puncture in a male with leukemia.

    A diagnostic lumbar puncture was performed in a 12-year-old male with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Because of thrombocytopenia (platelet count 42,000/mm(3)), a platelet transfusion was given immediately before the lumbar puncture. However, the platelet count was not re-examined. The patient developed progressive paraparesis shortly after the lumbar puncture. magnetic resonance imaging revealed an extensive spinal subdural hematoma from the T2 to S2 level. This case report illustrates the sometimes dramatic consequences of lumbar puncture in patients with childhood leukemia. Guidelines for the examination of the platelet count and correction of thrombocytopenia before lumbar puncture are discussed.
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4/5. Acute subdural haematoma after accidental dural puncture during epidural anaesthesia.

    A case is reported of acute intracranial subdural haematoma following accidental dural puncture during epidural anaesthesia. A 36-year-old primigravida with a gestation of 37 weeks and 3 days underwent caesarean section for which epidural anaesthesia was initially planned. An 18-gauge Tuohy needle was inserted into the L3-4 interspace but accidental dural puncture occurred. The needle was removed and general anaesthesia was initiated for surgery. On the second day post partum, the patient described a headache in both occipital area and neck that was relieved by lying down. On the seventh post-partum day she suffered tonic-clonic convulsions and underwent computerised tomography (CT). Despite different analgesic treatments and a normal CT, the patient suffered severe headaches in the following days. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 4-mm subdural hematoma in the right frontal area. The persisting headache decreased on day 12 and disappeared on day 14. The patient was discharged from hospital on day 15. The presence of post dural puncture headache complicated by atypical neurological deterioration following epidural anaesthesia should prompt the anaesthetist to consider the existence of intracranial complications and to seek immediate clinical and radiological diagnosis.
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5/5. Acute intracranial subdural hematoma following a lumbar CSF leak caused by spine surgery.

    STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of an acute intracranial subdural hematoma that formed due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak following lumbar surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: intracranial hypotension may occur when CSF is removed from the subarachnoid space. Intracranial subdural hematoma formation has been observed following significant CSF drainage during lumbar puncture or ventricular shunt placement. However, formation has been described only twice in the literature following spine surgery. methods: Retrospective review of the patient's medical record and head CT imaging. RESULTS: A 55-year-old woman underwent lumbar surgery for failed back syndrome. Intraoperatively, a dural tear was noted and repaired. One week later, she developed expressive aphasia, and CSF drainage from her lumbar wound was noted. A head CT revealed an acute intracranial subdural hematoma with mass effect. Evacuation of the hematoma occurred via craniotomy, and the lumbar dura was repaired intraoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: We report the rare case of an acute intracranial subdural hematoma caused by a CSF leak following lumbar surgery. This report illustrates the potential morbidity associated with CSF leaks occurring after spinal surgery.
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