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1/11. Spontaneous subdural haematoma in anabolic steroids dependent weight lifters: reports of two cases and review of literature.

    Spontaneous subdural haematoma is very rare in young patients. The complications of anabolic steroid intake in weight lifters are numerous, yet subdural haematomas have not been reported. We report on two cases of spontaneous subdural haematomas in young weight lifters. Both patients underwent surgical evacuation and made a full recovery. A review of the literature on the complications associated with valsalva manoeuvres is also presented including hemodynamic and intracranial changes. We propose that patients on chronic anabolic steroids may have vascular changes that predispose them to bleeding during a Valsalva manoeuvre (VM).
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2/11. Intracranial subdural hematoma after spinal anesthesia.

    Intracranial subdural hematoma is an exceptionally rare but life-threatening complication of spinal anesthesia. We report a case of intracranial subdural hematoma following spinal anesthesia for cesarean section in a 27-year-old woman. She developed a diffuse headache after surgery with a blood pressure of 220/140 mm Hg which was followed by generalized seizure activity. Her blood pressure remained high after medication with diazepam, nifedipine and magnesium sulfate. She remained unconscious with a glasgow coma scale of 5. The cranial tomography revealed a subdural hematoma with diffuse cerebral edema and cerebral tentorial herniation. When a patient complains of postdural puncture headache and then has seizure activity, one should consider alternative diagnoses, including that of a subdural hematoma, and carry out a careful examination, including magnetic resonance imaging or computerized tomography scan.
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keywords = subdural
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3/11. Spontaneous development of bilateral subdural hematomas in an infant with benign infantile hydrocephalus: color Doppler assessment of vessels traversing extra-axial spaces.

    We present an infant with macrocrania, who initially demonstrated prominent extra-axial fluid collections on sonography of the brain, compatible with benign infantile hydrocephalus (BIH). Because of increasing macrocrania, a follow-up sonogram of the brain was performed; it revealed progressive enlargement of the extra-axial spaces, which now had echogenic debris. color Doppler US showed bridging veins traversing these extra-axial spaces, so it was initially thought that these spaces were subarachnoid in nature (positive cortical vein sign). However, an arachnoid membrane was identified superior to the cortex, and there was compression of true cortical vessels beneath this dural membrane. An MRI of the brain showed the extra-axial spaces to represent bilateral subdural hematomas. The pathogenesis of spontaneous development of the subdural hematomas, in the setting of BIH, is discussed. We also emphasize that visualizing traversing bridging veins through extra-axial spaces does not necessarily imply that these spaces are subarachnoid in origin.
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ranking = 0.85718454799758
keywords = subdural, space
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4/11. Intraspinal and intracranial hemorrhage after lumbar puncture.

    Two cases of spinal epidural hematoma and two cases of intracranial subdural hematoma after lumbar puncture (LP) are reported in children receiving chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The bleeding was asymptomatic but interfered with treatment in one case, and caused either severe backache or headache but no neurological deficit in the other three patients. The platelet counts were 8 and 46 x 10(9)/L in two patients and were normal in the other patients at the time of LP. All recovered without surgical treatment. There is an inherent, albeit uncommon, risk of bleeding into the central nervous system associated with LP in children with cancer and should be distinguished from postdural puncture headache (PDPH). thrombocytopenia is not always an accompanying factor.
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keywords = subdural
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5/11. Cervical syringohydromyelia secondary to chronic supratentorial subdural hematoma.

    INTRODUCTION: Syringohydromyelia associated with supratentorial space-occupying lesion has rarely been reported. We present a 28-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with head and neck pain. Upon examination, there was only left central facial paralisia, with no evidence of papilledema. methods AND RESULTS: Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a left parietal and temporal chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) with a 1-cm shift to the right from midline. Also, cervical MRI revealed a syringohydromyelic cavity at the level of C6/7. The patient was operated on for supratentorial CSH. A follow-up cervical MRI revealed no syringohydromyelic cavity after 2 months. No neurological deficit was reported, and overall outcome was excellent. CONCLUSION: Syringohydromyelia was secondary to a space-occupying lesion in our case of supratentorial chronic subdural hematoma.
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ranking = 0.8571511953138
keywords = subdural, space
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6/11. Subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis--case report--.

    A 56-year-old female presented with acute subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis. The patient had been treated for breast cancer with disseminated bone and lung metastases. Evacuation of the hematoma with local management of the tumor and bleeding successfully improved her neurological condition and she underwent postoperative radiotherapy. This condition is especially associated with dural metastasis from adenocarcinoma (most frequently stomach cancer) and the clinical outcome depends on the general condition of the patient and the status of the coagulation disorders. If the tumors are multiple, as in this case, extreme caution should be paid to recurrent bleeding in the ipsilateral or contralateral side.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = subdural
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7/11. Does postdural puncture headache left untreated lead to subdural hematoma? Case report and review of the literature.

    The patient was a 39-year-old pregnant woman who was scheduled for cesarean section. Spinal anesthesia was induced using a 26-gauge needle with an atraumatic bevel. Postoperatively, the patient developed cranial subdural hematoma manifesting as severe non-postural headache, associated with right eye tearing, fifth cranial nerve palsy and left hemiparesis. The diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography scan. The patient was managed by careful neurological follow-up associated with conservative treatment and recovered fully after 12 weeks. Our report reviews the literature on 46 patients who developed a postdural puncture headache complicated by subdural hematoma following spinal or epidural anesthesia. It is possible that postdural puncture headache left untreated may be complicated by the development of subdural hematoma. patients developing a postdural puncture headache unrelieved by conservative measures, as well as the change from postural to non-postural, require careful follow-up for early diagnosis and management of possible subdural hematoma.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = subdural
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8/11. Acute intracranial subdural hematoma following a lumbar CSF leak caused by spine surgery.

    STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of an acute intracranial subdural hematoma that formed due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak following lumbar surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: intracranial hypotension may occur when CSF is removed from the subarachnoid space. Intracranial subdural hematoma formation has been observed following significant CSF drainage during lumbar puncture or ventricular shunt placement. However, formation has been described only twice in the literature following spine surgery. methods: Retrospective review of the patient's medical record and head CT imaging. RESULTS: A 55-year-old woman underwent lumbar surgery for failed back syndrome. Intraoperatively, a dural tear was noted and repaired. One week later, she developed expressive aphasia, and CSF drainage from her lumbar wound was noted. A head CT revealed an acute intracranial subdural hematoma with mass effect. Evacuation of the hematoma occurred via craniotomy, and the lumbar dura was repaired intraoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: We report the rare case of an acute intracranial subdural hematoma caused by a CSF leak following lumbar surgery. This report illustrates the potential morbidity associated with CSF leaks occurring after spinal surgery.
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ranking = 1.1428613119426
keywords = subdural, space
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9/11. Simultaneous cranial and spinal subdural hematoma.

    A 59-year-old male presented with spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) with concomitant cranial chronic SDH manifesting as mild paraparesis and numbness in both lower extremities. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed simultaneous occurrence of cranial and spinal SDHs. The patient was treated conservatively because of poor medical condition and mild neurological symptoms, and recovered well within 1 month. Serial follow-up MR imaging revealed spontaneous resolution of both lesions, with signal intensity changes suggesting the degenerative process of subacute hematoma. The spinal hematoma may have migrated from the cranial lesion. Spinal SDH is a potential sequela of chronic SDH in the cranium.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = subdural
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10/11. Subdural haemorrhage following endoscopic third ventriculostomy. A rare complication.

    Subdural collections or hematomas are frequently observed after shunt placement [7-9, 13], but rarely after ETV [6]. A review of literature revealed 7 cases [1, 5, 6, 10, 12], of which only 1 was symptomatic [5]. We will discuss the causes, management, and methods of prevention of this complication and we will present a case of symptomatic subdural haematoma, following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for illustration.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = subdural
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