Cases reported "Hematoma"

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1/173. Spontaneous cervical hematoma: a report of two cases.

    Cervical hematomas are generally associated with trauma, surgery, and tumors. Although they are rare, they can be life-threatening because they put the patient at risk for great-vessel compression and upper airway obstruction. We describe two cases of spontaneous cervical hematoma--one in an 81-year-old man and the other in a 30-year-old woman. The man reported dysphonia, dysphagia, and neck swelling of 5 hours' duration. He had been taking 100 mg/day of aspirin for a cardiovascular condition. Examination revealed that the man had polycythemia vera. The woman was found to have neck ache, odynophagia, and cervical ecchymosis; portal hypertension, schistosomiasis, and blood dyscrasia were also found. Both patients denied trauma. A suspected diagnosis of cervical hematoma was confirmed by computed tomography, and treatment was instituted. The hematomas resolved in about 2 weeks. The treatment of cervical hematoma is controversial, although it is agreed that the evaluation of upper airway obstruction and its permeability is mandatory. Surgical treatment is generally reserved for complicated cases because of the risk of infection or bleeding.
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ranking = 1
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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2/173. life-threatening airway obstruction caused by a retropharyngeal haematoma.

    We present the case of a 68-year-old woman who had a large cervicomediastinal haematoma that caused life-threatening airway obstruction. Retropharyngeal haematoma may occur in any age group and following a variety of causes. Retropharyngeal haematomas must be considered as a cause of airway obstruction following common injuries such as blunt cervical trauma or internal jugular vein cannulation. A high index of suspicion and early lateral neck X-ray is essential for safe management of this rare but potentially life-threatening injury.
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ranking = 3
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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3/173. Retropharyngeal haematoma causing acute airway obstruction--first presentation of metastatic carcinoma.

    A case of acute airway obstruction due to an acute retropharyngeal haematoma secondary to indirect trauma as a first presentation of metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma is described.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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4/173. thyroid gland hematoma after blunt cervical trauma.

    Thyroid hematoma is a rare cause of airway obstruction in victims of blunt trauma. The case of a 34-year-old woman who developed orthopnea after a low-energy motor vehicle accident is described. Presenting greater than 24 hours after her accident, the patient noted dysphagia, tracheal deviation, and postural dyspnea. The diagnosis of thyroid gland hematoma was made with a combination of fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical computed tomography, and great vessel and carotid angiography. Invasive airway management was not required. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy and recovered without complications.
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ranking = 0.52032614228815
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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5/173. Spontaneous rupture of the common carotid artery presenting as a widened mediastinum.

    Spontaneous rupture of the common carotid artery is an extremely rare disorder. Presentation in an elderly gentleman as a widened mediastinum with cardiac compromise has not been previously reported. Emergency surgical exploration to decompress the airway revealed a 5-mm tear just proximal to the left common carotid artery bifurcation and a large para-oesophageal haematoma. The case is reviewed and the possible causes discussed.
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ranking = 0.020326142288148
keywords = airway
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6/173. Ultrasound of epigastric injuries after blunt trauma.

    Blunt trauma to the epigastrum may result in a retroperitoneal hematoma involving the head of the pancreas and descending duodenum. Secondary effects include obstruction of the gastric outlet, obstruction of the biliary tree, and extrinsic compression of the inferior vena cava. Four patients with epigastric trauma were reviewed who had been examined by ultrasound of the abdomen. Ultrasound showed the extent of the retroperitoneal hematoma, its effect on contiguous organs, and was helpful in clinical management.
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ranking = 0.066190118144786
keywords = obstruction
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7/173. hypertension and pseudoaneurism on the renal artery following retrograde endopyelotomy (Acucise).

    Acucise endopyelotomy has gained widespread use in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Acute postoperative bleeding is a well-known complication. We report one case with a delayed postoperative formation of pseudoaneurism, and one case which developed arterial hypertension postoperatively.
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ranking = 0.033095059072393
keywords = obstruction
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8/173. Acute colonic intramural hematoma due to blunt abdominal trauma.

    Trauma to the colon is uncommon and accounts for only 3-5% of all blunt abdominal injuries. Among them, intramural hematoma of the colon is a rare complication and the acute form is rarer than the chronic form. We report a 37-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain followed by intestinal obstruction due to a blunt trauma. The initial diagnosis was done by sonography and proved by computed tomography (CT). Abdominal sonography also detected an increment in the size of the hematoma with progressive abdominal cramping pain that prompted urgent laparotomy. Ileocolic segmental resection with end-to-end ileocolostomy was performed and the patient recovered uneventfully. Based on our experience with a patient suffering from an intramural colonic hematoma following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) and based on a review of the literature, we discuss the different clinical manifestations, difficulties of diagnosis, and different treatment modalities of this disease entity. We conclude that acute colonic hematoma can be diagnosed by sonography and/or CT in contrast to the early reported cases, in the pre-CT era, when they could only be diagnosed at laparotomy. endoscopy may also be helpful for diagnosis in some cases. Although expectant therapy may be successful in some cases, the majority of the cases may need operation.
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ranking = 0.033095059072393
keywords = obstruction
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9/173. Fatal airway compromise due to retropharyngeal hematoma after airbag deployment.

    In trauma patients it is possible for a hematoma to form in the potential space between the pharynx and cervical spine (the retropharyngeal space). Fewer than 30 cases of actual airway obstruction secondary to retropharyngeal hematomas have been reported. We present an unusual case of an elderly woman who was involved in a minor motor vehicle collision which deployed her airbag. She died as a result of anoxic injury to the brain. autopsy results demonstrated transverse fractures through the bodies of C5 and C7 with associated significant retropharyngeal and mediastinal hematoma. Airbags have been shown to significantly decrease the mortality rate in frontal collisions; however, the potential for hyperextension injuries from airbag deployment exists, especially if the occupant is unrestrained, small, or sitting too close to the airbag. When this woman's airbag deployed, it most likely caused her vertebral fractures, hematoma, subsequent airway compromise, and anoxic brain injury. Whatever the mechanism of trauma, one must be cognizant of the potential risk for retropharyngeal hematoma and airway compromise when a patient presents with injury to the cervical spine.
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ranking = 0.62195685372889
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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10/173. Lingual haematoma: yet another unusual cause of upper airway obstruction.

    An episode of acute upper airway obstruction was caused by a lingual haematoma, when a patient with end stage renal failure suffered a hypocalcaemic fit and bit his tongue. The large haematoma and profuse bleeding caused the patient to obstruct and become hypoxic, and rendered laryngoscopy and intubation impossible, requiring an urgent tracheostomy to secure the airway.
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ranking = 2.5203261422881
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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