Cases reported "Hematoma"

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1/152. Cross-modal priming evidence for phonology-to-orthography activation in visual word recognition.

    Subjects were asked to indicate which item of a word/nonword pair was a word. On critical trials the nonword was a pseudohomophone of the word. RTs of dyslexics were shorter in blocks of trials in which a congruent auditory prime was simultaneously presented with the visual stimuli. RTs of normal readers were longer for high frequency words when there was auditory priming. This provides evidence that phonology can activate orthographic representations; the size and direction of the effect of auditory priming on visual lexical decision appear to be a function of the relative speeds with which sight and hearing activate orthography.
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ranking = 1
keywords = block
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2/152. Axillary block complicated by hematoma and radial nerve injury.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: hematoma is typically cited as one mechanism of nerve injury following axillary block. However, documented cases of this are lacking. methods: A healthy 38-year-old man was scheduled for surgical removal of a tumor of the hand. A transarterial axillary block was performed with a 22-gauge short-bevel needle using 40 mL of a mixture of equal volumes of 1.5% lidocaine and 0.5% bupivacaine containing 1:200,000 epinephrine. No paresthesias were reported. Postoperative, the patient developed a large axillary hematoma accompanied by paresthesias and radial nerve weakness. RESULTS: With conservative management, nerve recovery was complete in 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: hematoma complicating axillary block may result in nerve dysfunction.
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ranking = 33.472672289212
keywords = nerve, block
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3/152. Painless aortic dissection presenting as hoarseness of voice: cardiovocal syndrome: Ortner's syndrome.

    Most of the neurological manifestations of the aortic dissection are due to neuronal ischemia secondary to either extension of the dissection process into a branch artery, or compression of an artery by the false lumen of the dissecting aortic hematoma. However, the enlarging false lumen may directly compress on an adjacent nerve, causing neuronal injury resulting in neurological symptoms. This may particularly take place when a distal intimal tear does not decompress the false lumen, resulting in formation of an expanding blind pouch. About 10% of aortic dissections are painless and may present with symptoms secondary to the complications of the dissection. Although cardiovocal syndrome, or Ortner's syndrome (hoarseness of voice due to involvement of recurrent laryngeal nerve in cardiovascular diseases) has been described with aortic dissection, it has not been reported as an initial presenting feature of this disorder. This report describes the first case of painless aortic dissection presenting with hoarseness of voice, the cardiovocal syndrome. The hoarseness remained the only symptom throughout the entire course of the disease. The aortic dissection was not suspected initially. During surgical exploration, the recurrent laryngeal nerve was found compressed by the false lumen at the level of aortic arch. Aortic root replacement was performed successfully, resulting in complete resolution of the hoarseness. The neurological manifestations of aortic dissection, and the cardiovocal syndrome, are discussed.
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ranking = 9.9272521084546
keywords = nerve
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4/152. ligamentum flavum hematoma in the lumbar spine.

    A patient who presented with symptoms suggestive of nerve root compression secondary to an extradural mass was found to have a hematoma in the ligamentum flavum. Pathological examination of surgical specimens revealed an old hemorrhage, and hemosiderin deposits around organized granulation tissue within the ligamentum flavum. Vessels within the ligamentum flavum had, presumably, ruptured during minor trauma when the patient stood up.
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ranking = 3.3090840361515
keywords = nerve
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5/152. Epithelioid variant of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (malignant schwannoma) of the urinary bladder.

    sarcoma represents less than 2% of all neoplasms diagnosed or recognized in effusions. Epithelioid peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare tumor that is difficult to differentiate from other epithelioid tumors without the use of ancillary studies. A 39-year-old paraplegic man presented with hematuria and a bladder mass that extended to involve the pelvic peritoneum. light microscopy using hematoxylin-eosin, Papanicolaou, and immunohistochemical stains as well as transmission electron microscopy showed features of epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with rhabdoid features and an accompanying eosinophilic infiltrate. Cytologic smears confirmed the similarities between the primary tumor in the bladder and the cells in the pelvic fluid and excluded the possibility of reactive changes related to postsurgical radiation. Ancillary studies were critical in narrowing the differential diagnoses and reaching the final conclusion.
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ranking = 19.854504216909
keywords = nerve
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6/152. The nature of the disorder underlying the inability to retrieve proper names.

    Two patients with the syndrome of proper name anomia were investigated. Both patients were only able to produce around 50% of the names of contemporary celebrities, but performed significantly better on a task calling for naming of historical figures. The names of relatives and friends were spared in one patient, while the other retrieved names of people known since childhood much better than those of people familiar to him since the age of 25. Geographical names, names of monuments and masterpieces were preserved. The above dissociations are taken to imply that in moderately impaired patients, a temporal gradient effect concurs to modulate the severity of the naming block. A similar impairment was found in both patients when they attempted to retrieve or relearn familiar telephone numbers. This finding suggests that the core of the disorder resides in the inability to gain access to words used to identify a single entity, regardless of whether they belong to the class of proper or common names.
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ranking = 1
keywords = block
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7/152. Biportal endoscopic removal of a primary intraventricular hematoma: case report.

    Primary intraventricular hematomas account for approximately 6% of all intracerebral hematomas. If the clot blocks cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathways, surgical intervention, which may be of different types, can be life-saving. In the case reported here, after careful preoperative planning the use of two rigid endoscopes permitted the removal of most of the intraventricular clot and restoration of CSF circulation by creation of a 3rd ventriculostomy within the same procedure and no later treatment was necessary. Repeated CT scans proved that only a small portion of the intraventricular clot remained in the ventricular system. The ventricular size normalised, and the patency of the artificial hole in the floor of the 3rd ventricle was demonstrated both by the rapidly improving clinical picture of the patient and by flow-sensitive MRI studies. For individuals who suffer primary intraventricular hemorrhage and later develop occlusive hydrocephalus, endoscopic removal of the clot and 3rd ventriculostomy might offer a more adequate treatment option than external ventricular drainage.
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ranking = 1
keywords = block
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8/152. Spontaneous brachial plexus hemorrhage-case report.

    BACKGROUND: Shoulder hemorrhage resulting in brachial plexus neuropathy is a rare occurrence most often seen in cases of traumatic injury or anticoagulation therapy. We report a unique case of spontaneous brachial plexus hemorrhage. CASE DESCRIPTION: This is the first report of a spontaneous shoulder hemorrhage in which a 48-year-old jackhammer operator presented to the emergency department with a sudden onset of right shoulder pain and upper extremity pain and numbness. Imaging studies revealed a hematoma in the right axilla and chest wall. Without evidence of active bleeding or worsening neurologic deficit, this patient was treated conservatively with pain control and observation and eventually experienced a full recovery. Had there been persistent neurologic deficit, however, surgical evacuation would have been indicated. CONCLUSIONS: Cases of nerve compression caused by a hematoma should be analyzed on the basis of the severity of the neurologic deficit and not on the underlying cause of bleeding. Conservative treatment may be indicated in cases of mild or improving neurologic deficit, but regardless of its etiology, a hematoma that results in severe or worsening neurologic symptoms must be surgically evacuated to prevent permanent nerve damage.
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ranking = 6.6181680723031
keywords = nerve
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9/152. Vascular injuries of the upper extremity.

    Vascular injuries of the upper extremity represent approximately 30% to 50% of all peripheral vascular injuries. The majority of injuries are to the brachial artery, and 90% of injuries are due to penetrating trauma. Return of function is often related to concomitant injury to peripheral nerves. However, timely restoration of blood flow is essential to optimize outcome. The diagnosis is made by physical examination and limited Doppler ultrasonography. Arteriography may be helpful if there are multiple sites of injury. Anticoagulation with heparin should be given if not otherwise contraindicated. Revascularization should be completed within the critical ischemic time: 4 hours for proximate injuries and 12 hours for distal injuries. Revascularization methods include resection and primary repair or resection with an interposition graft. The sequence of repair of multiple injuries to the extremity begins with arterial revascularization followed by skeletal stabilization and nerve and tendon repair.
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ranking = 6.6181680723031
keywords = nerve
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10/152. Acute ulnar nerve compression syndrome in a powerlifter with triceps tendon rupture--a case report.

    We report on the case of a bodybuilder and powerlifter who suffered from triceps tendon rupture complicated by acute ulnar nerve compression syndrome. The diagnosis was made clinically, radiologically, and sonographically. Ultrasound was helpful to demonstrate a large hematoma at the site of the injury. Early surgical intervention confirmed the presence of the hematoma compressing the ulnar nerve and led to a complete restoration of ulnar nerve and triceps muscle function. Few reports on distal triceps rupture have been published but its complication by acute ulnar nerve compression has not been reported on yet despite the close anatomical relationship of both structures.
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ranking = 26.472672289212
keywords = nerve
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