Cases reported "Hematoma"

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1/387. Multiple postoperative intracerebral haematomas remote from the site of craniotomy.

    A postoperative haemorrhage is a common and serious complication of a neurosurgical procedure. It usually occurs at the site of the surgery, but on occasion a postoperative haematoma is found at a distance from the previous craniotomy. Multiple postoperative haemorrhages are extremely rare. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman, operated on for the removal of a supratentorial astrocytoma, who developed in the early post-operative period multiple bilateral intracerebral haematomas without involvement of the surgical bed.
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2/387. Subcapsular hemorrhage of adult Wilms' tumor.

    Wilms' tumor is a rare malignancy of kidney in adults. It usually cannot be differentiated from other renal masses preoperatively. This is a presentation of a case of adult Wilms' tumor who developed spontaneous hemorrhage during radiological evaluation. As tumor rupture can change the stage of the tumor and alter the prognosis of the patient, urgent work-up and treatment is advised.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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3/387. Endocapsular hematoma: report of a case following glaucoma surgery in a pseudophakic eye.

    The authors describe a case of an endocapsular hematoma that occurred in a 69-year-old pseudophakic diabetic male following mitomycin C (MMC) augmented trabeculectomy for neovascular glaucoma (NVG). The clinical course of the patient is described, and the unique features of this case are presented and discussed. The endocapsular hematoma absorbed in 6 weeks with conservative management. The patient regained the preoperative visual acuity of 20/30, and his intraocular pressure was controlled without any glaucoma medication. The iris neovascularization regressed. This case is the first report of an endocapsular hematoma following glaucoma filtering surgery in a pseudophakic eye with neovascular glaucoma.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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4/387. Axillary block complicated by hematoma and radial nerve injury.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: hematoma is typically cited as one mechanism of nerve injury following axillary block. However, documented cases of this are lacking. methods: A healthy 38-year-old man was scheduled for surgical removal of a tumor of the hand. A transarterial axillary block was performed with a 22-gauge short-bevel needle using 40 mL of a mixture of equal volumes of 1.5% lidocaine and 0.5% bupivacaine containing 1:200,000 epinephrine. No paresthesias were reported. Postoperative, the patient developed a large axillary hematoma accompanied by paresthesias and radial nerve weakness. RESULTS: With conservative management, nerve recovery was complete in 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: hematoma complicating axillary block may result in nerve dysfunction.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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5/387. Extradural haematoma complicating lumbar puncture following a craniotomy. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: This case report illustrates the development of an intracranial extradural haematoma (EDH) as an uncommon complication of a lumbar puncture. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old girl operated for intra-third ventricular cysticercosis developed postlumbar puncture headache after a drainage lumbar puncture (LP) on the 7th postoperative day. CT scan revealed a right frontal EDH away from the operative site. INTERVENTION: The child was managed conservatively in view of her preserved sensorium. RESULTS: The child had an uneventful recovery. Follow-up CT scans showed resolution of the haematoma. CONCLUSIONS: LP, though considered to be a safe procedure, may rarely be associated with a potentially lethal intracranial haematoma, which can be managed successfully if diagnosed at an early stage.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = operative
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6/387. Endovascular management of axillary artery trauma.

    A 17-year-old man was seen with an expanding false aneurysm of the right axillary artery. This was treated by an intraluminal covered-stent introduced through the brachial artery via an 11F sheath. The covered-stent was constructed from a segment of great saphenous vein anchored in the axillary artery by a 29 mm Palmaz stent. Postoperative arteriography and duplex scanning confirmed normal flow through the axillary artery with complete exclusion of the aneurysm. Postoperative recovery was uneventful.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = operative
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7/387. Early rebleeding from intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: report of 20 cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECT: In this study the authors sought to estimate the frequency, seriousness, and delay of rebleeding in a homogeneous series of 20 patients whom they treated between May 1987 and May 1997 for arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) that were revealed by intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The natural history of intracranial dural AVFs remains obscure. In many studies attempts have been made to evaluate the risk of spontaneous hemorrhage, especially as a function of the pattern of venous drainage: a higher occurrence of bleeding was reported in AVFs with retrograde cortical venous drainage, with an overall estimated rate of 1.8% per year in the largest series in the literature. However, very few studies have been designed to establish the risk of rebleeding, an omission that the authors seek to remedy. methods: Presenting symptoms in the 20 patients (17 men and three women, mean age 54 years) were acute headache in 12 patients (60%), acute neurological deficit in eight (40%), loss of consciousness in five (25%), and generalized seizures in one (5%). Results of the clinical examination were normal in five patients and demonstrated a neurological deficit in 12 and coma in three. Computerized tomography scanning revealed intracranial bleeding in all cases (15 intraparenchymal hematomas, three subarachnoid hemorrhages, and two subdural hematomas). A diagnosis of AVF was made with the aid of angiographic studies in 19 patients, whereas it was a perioperative discovery in the remaining patient. There were 12 Type III and eight Type IV AVFs according to the revised classification of Djindjian and Merland, which meant that all AVFs in this study had retrograde cortical venous drainage. The mean duration between the first hemorrhage and treatment was 20 days. Seven patients (35%) presented with acute worsening during this delay due to radiologically proven early rebleeding. Treatment consisted of surgery alone in 10 patients, combined embolization and surgery in eight, embolization only in one, and stereotactic radiosurgery in one. Three patients died, one worsened, and in 16 (80%) neurological status improved, with 15 of 16 AVFs totally occluded on repeated angiographic studies (median follow up 10 months). CONCLUSIONS: The authors found that AVFs with retrograde cortical venous drainage present a high risk of early rebleeding (35% within 2 weeks after the first hemorrhage), with graver consequences than the first hemorrhage. They therefore advocate complete and early treatment in all cases of AVF with cortical venous drainage revealed by an ICH.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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8/387. Acute traumatic dissection and blunt rupture of the thoracic descending aorta: A case report.

    Rupture of the thoracic aorta following blunt trauma is increasing in incidence and remains a highly lethal injury. Blunt traumatic rupture and acute dissection of the thoracic aorta is very rare. A 50-year-old man involved in a motor vehicle accident on March 3, 1998 was admitted to our hospital one and a half hours following the accident. On admission, he was alert and his hemodynamics were stable. Chest roentgenogram demonstrated a widened mediastinum and multiple left-sided rib fractures. Enhanced chest CT revealed a periaortic hematoma just distal to the isthmus, dissection of the descending thoracic aorta and mediastinal hematoma. With the diagnosis of thoracic aortic rupture and acute DeBakey type IIIB dissection, an emergency operation was performed. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram showed a mobile intimal flap and diminished caliber of the proximal descending aorta. Disruption and dissection of the descending thoracic aorta were found. Prosthetic graft interposition was accomplished with the aid of left atrium-left femoral artery bypass using a centrifugal pump and heparin-coated circuits and a blood collection device for blood conservation. The weak dissected aortic wall was glued and reapproximated with Gelatine-Resorcine-Formol glue. The postoperative course was uneventful.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = operative
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9/387. Occult splenic rupture: a case report.

    We present a case of an atraumatic, occult rupture of the spleen. It is only in a distinct minority of cases, that the splenic capsule remains intact, thereby preventing intraperitoneal bleeding. Nevertheless, this condition can be accompanied by a severe loss of blood. A nonoperative management can be considered. Reviewing the literature on splenic rupture, the lack of uniformity in nomenclature is striking. The etiological and morphological classifications are reviewed.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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10/387. Repair of intramural hematoma of the ascending aorta without graft interposition.

    A 68-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with a one-hour history of chest pain and syncopal episode. Transesophageal echocardiography showed an intramural aortic hematoma with cardiac tamponade. The patient underwent repair of the ascending aorta without graft interposition (resection and end-to-end anastomosis). The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and the 38-month follow-up was event-free. This case report shows that end-to-end anastomosis in patients with intramural hematoma and absence of intimal tearing, may provide good long-term results.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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