Cases reported "Hematuria"

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1/60. Cytologic diagnosis of metastatic ovarian adenocarcinoma in the urinary bladder: a case report and review of the literature.

    A 53-yr-old woman with a 13-mo history of recurrent ovarian papillary serous adenocarcinoma presented with persistent microscopic hematuria. The patient was undergoing chemotherapy for her recurrent ovarian tumor when she was referred to the urology service for microscopic hematuria. An intravenous pyelogram was normal. cystoscopy was performed, as well as a urinary bladder washing and mucosal biopsies for examination. adenocarcinoma similar to the patient's primary ovarian tumor was detected in both cytology and histopathology specimens. Ovarian carcinoma comprises 1.3-4.0% of all metastatic neoplasms to the urinary bladder and is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of a cytologic finding of adenocarcinoma in urine specimens of female patients, where it accounts for an even higher percentage of cases (1 of 3 adenocarcinoma diagnoses in a series of 4,677 urine specimens from female patients).
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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2/60. Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy control of intractable hematuria following radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. A novel approach.

    OBJECTIVE: To establish the utility of endoscopic sclerotherapy using 1% ethoxysclerol for the control of intractable hematuria following post-irradiation telangiectatic cystitis (PTC). methods: Our experience of treating 4 patients (one female and three male) with massive exsanguinating hematuria resulting from PTC, using a combined intralesional and perilesional injection of 1% ethoxysclerol, is presented. observation on the distribution, grading of telangiectasis and pattern of bleeding are made. RESULTS: A dramatic and lasting cessation of the hematuria in all the 4 patients was achieved during the follow-up period varying from 1 month to 4 years. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy is a simple, highly effective, less invasive new technique in the management of massive and intractable hematuria due to radiation-induced telangiectasia of the urinary bladder.
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ranking = 300.65970014727
keywords = radiation-induced
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3/60. A case of bladder pheochromocytoma.

    The clinical picture of bladder pheochromocytoma is usually typical; however, the diagnosis is occasionally delayed because of the rarity of this neoplasm. We report a case of unsuspected bladder pheochromocytoma in which the patient had a hypertensive episode during transurethral resection. A 67-year-old male presented with the chief complaint of painless macrohematuria. cystoscopy revealed a submucosal tumor on the right lateral wall of the bladder. The tumor was operated on transurethrally, followed by partial cystectomy. The pathological diagnosis was pheochromocytoma, primarily occurring in the bladder. Treatment of this lesion requires a high degree of clinical suspicion based on the patient's symptom complex in order to enable adequate preparation prior to surgical manipulation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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4/60. The use of a lithoclast probe for ureterorenoscopic coagulation of bleeding ureteral cancer.

    PURPOSE: We describe use of the lithoclast device, normally used for electrohydraulic stone fragmentation, for safe ureteroscopic intraureteral coagulation of a bleeding tumor. MATERIALS AND methods: Intraureteral ureteroscopic coagulation of a bleeding transitional cell carcinoma was performed in an 86-year-old high risk patient. A 0.8 mm. probe of the lithoclast device was connected to high frequency current. To avoid short circuit to the ureteroscope the probe was covered with a standard 5Fr ureteral catheter, which served as a perfect isolator. RESULTS: The bleeding intraureteral tumor was coagulated successfully under direct vision. CONCLUSIONS: The lithoclast probe in combination with a standard ureteral catheter can be used for intraureteral coagulation of bleeding tumors. It is an inexpensive device that is often available in nonuniversity departments.
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ranking = 2.9295765706905
keywords = cancer
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5/60. Synchronous primary malignant neoplasms of colon and bladder.

    Extracolonic and synchronous malignancies are rare in colorectal carcinomas. We report a 68-year-old man with complaints of rectal bleeding and hematuria. Endoscopic biopsies revealed synchronous adenocarcinoma of the colon and transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. The patient was started on chemotherapy, and is alive (with disease) nine months later.
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ranking = 4
keywords = neoplasm
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6/60. Anti-inhibitor coagulant complex for the rescue therapy of acquired inhibitors to factor viii: case report and review of the literature.

    A 62-year-old African-American man with a history of hypertension, asthma, and prostate cancer, but no prior history of haemophilia presented with gross haematuria following a motor vehicle accident. Coagulation studies revealed a prolonged partial thromboplastin time. Subsequent mixing study and factor analysis confirmed factor viii (FVIII) deficiency. The patient subsequently developed a knee haemarthrosis associated with persistent haematuria and a profoundly elevated FVIII inhibitor titre. Fresh frozen plasma was initiated upon presentation. Once FVIII inhibitor was discovered, immunosuppressive agents were started. Concurrent treatment with acute bypass agents including porcine FVIII, and recombinant human factor viia (rFVIIa;NovoSeven), was also given. Ultimately, anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (Autoplex T) was administered, stabilizing the haematuria and haemarthrosis. There was no additional bleeding 6 months after the last dose of anti-inhibitor coagulant complex. This case is consistent with others in which anti-inhibitor coagulant complex therapy was used successfully to manage patients with serious acute bleeding problems who are found to have acquired inhibitors to factor viii.
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ranking = 0.73239414267263
keywords = cancer
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7/60. Intravesical formalin for the control of intractable bladder hemorrhage secondary to cystitis or cancer.

    Between November 1971 and December 1973, 10 patients with intractable urinary bleeding secondary to radiation or cyclophosphamide cystitis, or to primary or secondary bladder cancer were treated with intravesical formalin. Good results were obtained in 8 of the 10 patients, with control of bleeding for 3 to more than 36 months. There were 2 failures, both with cancer.
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ranking = 4.3943648560358
keywords = cancer
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8/60. Primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney: a case report with literature review.

    We describe a case of primary renal synovial sarcoma (SS) in a 48-year-old man. The patient presented with hematuria and was found to have a large tumor in his left kidney on computed tomography scan. histology revealed a highly cellular spindle cell neoplasm with minimal pleomorphism. The major differential diagnoses included leiomyosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, and SS. The presence of focal areas with a biphasic pattern, uniformly positive immunostain for bcl-2, focally positive immunostains for epithelial membrane antigen and cytokeratin, and negative immunostains for CD-34, smooth muscle actin and S-100 established the diagnosis. This was subsequently confirmed by molecular testing for t(X;18) translocation. Since the existence of primary SS in the kidney was first suggested in 1999, to the best of our knowledge a total of 19 cases including the present case have been reported to date. Although primary renal SS is rare, these findings indicate that it should be included in the differential diagnosis of spindle cell tumors of the kidney.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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9/60. The nested variant of urothelial carcinoma: clinicopathology of 2 cases.

    The nested variant of urothelial carcinoma is a recently described bladder tumor entity with a rare incidence. Two cases of this disease are presented in this report; the patients in both cases were elderly men, with a predominant involvement of the trigone region. Histologically, the tumor cells were arranged in ill-defined nests and had low-grade nuclear features. Both cases had a diffusely infiltrating growth pattern with widespread local disease at cystectomy. Strong immunohistochemical staining for p63 in the neoplastic cells supports the urothelial cell nature of this neoplasm. High p53 and Ki-67 indices of this tumor correlate with the aggressiveness of this subtype.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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10/60. Concurrent renal cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma in a chronic hemodialysis patient.

    A 60-year-old female patient had been on maintenance hemodialysis for 12 years was suffering from gross hematuria. Subsequent image studies revealed left renal and ureteral tumors. She then received left radical nephroureterectomy. Histological examination revealed the renal tumor was renal cell carcinoma and ureteral tumor was transitional cell carcinoma respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of simultaneous occurrence of these two urological cancers in a chronic hemodialysis patient. Our case may imply the increased susceptibility of urological malignancy in dialysis patients. physicians should always raise the possibility of urological malignancy when a dialysis patient with gross hematuria is encountered. A thorough and careful screening for the malignancy should be performed on a regular basis in these patients with high risk.
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ranking = 0.73239414267263
keywords = cancer
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