Cases reported "hemopneumothorax"

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1/54. Haemopneumothorax from congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation in a cryptorchidism patient.

    Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the lung is an uncommon congenital anomaly, especially in young adults. This study reports an 18-yr-old male with CCAM involving the right upper lobe, who presented with a moderate spontaneous haemopneumothorax initially. The patient also had bilateral abdominal cryptorchidism which required surgical treatment earlier in childhood. The chest radiographs and contrast-enhanced computed tomographic scan of the chest showed a multicystic lesion with air-fluid levels in the right upper lung. The right upper lobe was resected through a posterolateral thoracotomy. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of CCAM. To the authors' knowledge, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation presenting with spontaneous haemopneumothorax and haemoptysis has never been described in the literature. ( info)

2/54. hemopneumothorax and hemoperitoneum in a case with large cell carcinoma of the lung.

    hemopneumothorax and hemoperitoneum coincide rarely in nontraumatic cases. Here, a 70-year-old male presented a left axillary lymph node and was diagnosed as having metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. Under the same diagnosis, another lesion developed in the right femur and was resected. One year later, computed tomography detected another tumor in the left adrenal gland. Shortly afterwards, left pneumothorax developed and a chest operation revealed hemopneumothorax due to a ruptured cavitary form of large cell carcinoma. The serum showed a human chorionic gonadotropin-beta level of 1,100 ng/ml. At three-months later, he died of hemoperitoneum. The autopsy demonstrated hepatic metastases and a ruptured adrenal metastasis; microscopy showed marked trophoblastic and squamous cell changes in these organs. This patient was unique in that the rupture of the pulmonary and the adrenal lesions caused clinical manifestation. ( info)

3/54. Spontaneous hemopneumothorax in women.

    Spontaneous hemopneumothorax is uncommon, especially among women. We report a case of spontaneous hemopneumothorax in a 19-year-old woman and review seven other cases of spontaneous hemopneumothorax in women that have been reported in the English language. ( info)

4/54. Sudden death caused by tension pneumothorax after rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Case report.

    A rare case of fatal tension pneumothorax is reported. An aged Japanese man with marked subcutaneous emphysema of the neck was found collapsed in a betting office. He was ascertained to have left tension pneumothorax, based on radiographic examinations carried out before his death. At autopsy, severe pneumomediastinum was observed, and the descending thoracic aorta with a ruptured dissecting aneurysm was closely adhered to the left lung pleura. The hemorrhage spread into the pulmonary parenchyma and finally spouted out from the surface of the lung apex. Because the blood loss itself was not fatal in quantity, it is concluded that the patient died of tension pneumothorax caused by a lung penetration from the rupture of an aortic aneurysm. ( info)

5/54. Successful transdiaphragmatic cardiac resuscitation through midline abdominal incision in patient with flail chest.

    This case report describes a transdiaphragmatic approach through an already present vertical midline abdominal incision for performing internal cardiac compressions in a 30-year-old male road accident victim. The patient had a flail chest with haemopneumothorax and haemoperitoneum. Exploratory laparotomy followed by splenectomy was performed under general anaesthesia but the patient developed a witnessed cardiac arrest in postoperative period. Successful resuscitation using internal cardiac compression by a transdiaphragmatic approach through the midline abdominal incision that was not extended proximally is described. ( info)

6/54. Spontaneous haemopneumothorax: are guidelines overdue?

    Spontaneous life threatening haemopneumothorax is an unusual but treatable cause of unexpected circulatory collapse in young patients. Two case histories are presented to illustrate the management of this condition. diagnosis and initial management depends on early recognition of the clinical pattern by accident and emergency (A&E) staff and/or hospital physicians. Problems may arise for two reasons. Firstly, as the incidence of life threatening spontaneous haemopneumothorax is low, admitting medical staff may not have experienced this condition in the absence of trauma. Secondly, unlike surgeons, staff in these specialties are unlikely to have received training of either traumatic or spontaneous haemopneumothorax. The cases illustrate potential problems. Not only early recognition of the clinical pattern but also proactive intervention in the A&E department are necessary before referral to a cardiothoracic surgeon. Furthermore, we suggest treatment would be improved by the introduction of management guidelines. ( info)

7/54. Thoracoscopic treatment for spontaneous hemopneumothorax.

    Spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a rare clinical entity sometimes requiring an operation in the early stage. Two patients who underwent successful video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for spontaneous hemopneumothorax are presented. In both cases, the bleeding point was clearly identified, and hemostasis was easily obtained by clipping the point and placing three access ports in the usual fashion. Furthermore, the evacuation of clotted blood and resection of bulla were performed with no difficulties. The postoperative courses were smooth, and no complications occurred, although the preoperative general condition in the second case was hemodynamically unstable. The advantages of VATS over conventional thoracotomy include less time required to access the pleural cavity, a better view, and more facilitated manipulation during surgery. Because spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a benign disease, VATS should be considered an initial treatment option in all patients with this condition, even those with active bleeding. ( info)

8/54. Spontaneous hemopneumothorax.

    Spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a potentially fatal condition associated with 1-12% of all spontaneous pneumothoraces. Prompt diagnosis is essential in order to allow for rapid surgical intervention. A case of a 15-year-old male with spontaneous hemopneumothorax diagnosed by CT is presented. The patient recovered after surgery with no complications. ( info)

9/54. Spontaneous massive haemopneumothorax: case reports.

    Spontaneous haemopneumothorax is an infrequently reported entity. We report here on two patients with spontaneous haemopneumothorax complicated by massive haemorrhage. Sources of bleeding were caused by torn pleural adhesion and ruptured apical bullae. Inappropriate management can lead to an increase in mortality and morbidity. We emphasize the importance of close monitoring, early recognition, prompt resuscitation and thoracotomy because of the possible lethal implications. ( info)

10/54. hemopneumothorax associated with marfan syndrome and congenital afibrinogenemia.

    In patients with afibrinogenemia who require operation, prophylaxis against bleeding is important. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy with marfan syndrome and congenital afibrinogenemia in whom hemopneumothorax developed. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed successfully under intravenous administration of fibrinogen and with careful monitoring of plasma fibrinogen level. ( info)
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