Cases reported "Hemorrhage"

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11/247. Haemorrhage into non-functioning adrenal cysts--report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Adrenal cysts are a rare condition and are usually non-functioning and asymptomatic. Most of the reported cases were incidental findings or discovered at autopsy. However, large cysts have a tendency to develop complications such as intracystic haemorrhage and rupture, which can present as an acute surgical emergency. We report two cases of adrenal cysts with intracystic haemorrhage. One patient presented with persistent non-specific upper abdominal pain, investigations with ultrasound (US) scan and computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed a left adrenal cyst and gallstones. Simultaneous cholecystectomy and adrenalectomy was performed with resultant relief of symptoms. The second patient presented with acute abdominal pain simulating acute surgical abdomen. Preoperative CT scan showed a large cystic lesion in the region of the tail of the pancreas with radiological evidence of haemorrhage but was unable to confirm its origin. The cyst was found to have arisen from the left adrenal gland at laparotomy; left adrenalectomy with complete excision of the cyst was done. histology showed pseudocyst with haemorrhage in both cases. Pseudocyst is the commonest histological type encountered clinically. We believe the second case is related to pregnancy and childbirth as the patient presented during puerperium and the cyst, even though very large in size (25 x 15 x 15 cm), was not noted during antenatal screening with US scan.
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ranking = 1
keywords = adrenal, adrenal gland, gland
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12/247. Metastatic adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix to the thyroid gland.

    Clinically diagnosed metastasis to the thyroid gland is rare. The authors present the first reported case of metastasis to the thyroid gland from a primary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
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ranking = 0.0039945987299607
keywords = gland
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13/247. Coexisting renal vein thrombosis and bilateral adrenal hemorrhage: renoscintigraphic demonstration.

    A rare case of simultaneous renal vein thrombosis and bilateral adrenal hemorrhage is presented, showing the utility of Tc-99m DTPA and DMSA renal scans to identify the condition and to assess renal function. The characteristic appearances of suprarenal tracer-free areas encircled by peripheral radioactive rims over the inferiorly displaced kidneys on a Tc-99m DTPA renal scan, and that of the flattened upper poles of the kidneys on a Tc-99m DMSA scan, were pathognomonic and strongly indicative of bilateral adrenal hemorrhage. These two scans also showed markedly diminished tracer uptake in the poorly functioning right thrombosed kidney. Follow-up imaging using these two renal scans well demonstrated the functional and morphologic alterations and recovery of the kidneys.
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ranking = 0.6198779148831
keywords = adrenal
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14/247. Traumatic adrenal injury in children.

    BACKGROUND: Multiple organ injury in children is an increasingly frequent phenomenon in the modern emergency room. Adrenal hemorrhage associated with this type of trauma has received little attention in the past. OBJECTIVES: Using computed tomography, we sought to determine the rate and nature of adrenal gland injury in children following blunt abdominal trauma due to motor vehicular accident. methods: A total of 121 children with blunt abdominal trauma were examined and total body CT was performed in cases of multi-organ trauma or severe neurological injury. RESULTS: Of all the children who presented with blunt abdominal trauma over a 51 month period, 6 (4.95%) had adrenal hemorrhage. In all cases only the right adrenal gland was affected. Coincidental injury to the chest and other abdominal organs was noted in 66.7% and 50% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Traumatic adrenal injury in the pediatric population may be more common than previously suspected. Widespread application of the more sophisticated imaging modalities available today will improve the detection of damage to the smaller organs in major collision injuries and will help in directing attention to the mechanism of trauma.
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ranking = 0.96687014186151
keywords = adrenal, adrenal gland, gland
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15/247. Idiopathic adrenal hemorrhage.

    A case of idiopathic adrenal hemorrhage is reported. A 76-year-old woman exhibited a left adrenal tumor, 3 cm in diameter, on abdominal computed tomography. The patient was receiving aspirin medication for atrial fibrillation. There was no evidence of increased adrenal hormones. The mass enlarged to 6 cm in diameter within 18 months, and malignancy was suspected. The mass was diagnosed as adrenal hematoma by operative findings.
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ranking = 0.8265038865108
keywords = adrenal
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16/247. Inguinoscrotal bruising: a sign of neonatal adrenal hemorrhage.

    A 5-day-old baby presented with right inguinoscrotal bruising. The underlying testis and cord were normal on examination. Intra-abdominal bleeding was suspected. Abdominal ultrasound showed right adrenal hemorrhage. This was managed nonoperatively and with supportive therapy; the inguinoscrotal bruising resolved spontaneously.
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ranking = 0.51656492906925
keywords = adrenal
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17/247. Neonatal cerebral venous thrombosis coexisting with bilateral adrenal hemorrhage.

    We report a case of severe perinatal asphyxia with both cerebral venous thrombosis and adrenal hemorrhage who survived with severe sequela including multicystic encephalomalasia, acquired microcephaly and blindness. Hematological investigations showed normal levels of anticardiolipin antibodies, protein c and S levels and activity, antithrombin iii levels. factor v Leiden mutation was negative. The adrenal hemorrhage resolved within three months with glucocorticoid therapy, the cerebral venous thrombosis resolved within two months without treatment. The literature on neonatal cerebral venous thrombosis is also reviewed.
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ranking = 0.6198779148831
keywords = adrenal
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18/247. Intra-epidermal and intra-dermal sebocrine adenoma with cystic degeneration and hemorrhage.

    BACKGROUND: The ducts of eccrine glands may give rise to intra-epidermal, confluent epithelial and intra-dermal adenomas known as hidroacanthoma simplex, eccrine poroma, and dermal duct tumor, respectively. An apocrine and sebaceous counterpart of the eccrine poroma has been described by several authors as adnexal, poroma-like adenoma with apocrine and sebaceous differentiation or sebocrine adenoma. methods: Using clinical history and routine histologic techniques, we describe a new lesion with features similar to sebocrine adenoma but representing the intra-epidermal and intra-dermal counterparts with cystic degeneration and hemorrhage. Briefly, an 84-year-old female presented with a 6 mm dark tan papule on the neck that clinically appeared as an unusual macular seborrheic keratosis with underlying hemorrhage. RESULTS: Histopathological examination showed a benign dermal cystic appendage tumor with pale polygonal cells, occasional non-keratinizing ducts, sebaceous differentiation and central hemorrhage with fibrin deposits. Serial sections did not reveal any epidermal connection. However, epithelioid cells with large nuclei in an intra-epidermal pagetoid pattern were focally seen. CONCLUSION: These findings represent a new cystic, hemorrhagic variant of sebocrine adenoma.
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ranking = 0.00066576645499345
keywords = gland
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19/247. Tc-99m MIBG imaging in a huge clinically silent pheochromocytoma with cystic degeneration and massive hemorrhage.

    I-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy showed marked accumulation in the walls of a clinically silent, huge cystic adrenal mass with a prominent hemorrhage in a 48-year-old man. Although a careful reexamination of the histologic specimen finally lead to a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma, the appearances of this mass on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were not specific for this neoplasm, and even pathologic analysis initially indicated, incorrectly, that this lesion was a hemorrhagic hemangioma. This case shows that I-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy is useful for correctly diagnosing an adrenal mass with prominent cystic or hemorrhagic degeneration.
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ranking = 0.2066259716277
keywords = adrenal
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20/247. Traumatic adrenal hemorrhage in children: an indicator of visceral injury.

    Adrenal hemorrhage (AH) was identified in 1% of 313 children admitted to the trauma unit with abdominal or thoracoabdominal blunt trauma within a 10-year period (1989-1999). Ultrasound examination was useful as a first diagnostic measure in stable children, but computed tomography (CT) is considered to be a better diagnostic tool. Associated visceral injury is common, and liver trauma was present in all 3 cases. Lesions are mainly right-sided, but left-sided or bilateral injuries have also been reported. A few cases are only recognized during surgery or necropsy. Lower-chest injury was seen in one-half of the cases and can result in severe morbidity. AH should not be considered rare, and the widespread use of CT proves that it is a strong indicator of associated visceral injury.
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ranking = 0.4132519432554
keywords = adrenal
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