Cases reported "Hemorrhage"

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1/150. Negative pressure pulmonary hemorrhage.

    Negative pressure pulmonary edema, a well-recognized phenomenon, is the formation of pulmonary edema following an acute upper airway obstruction (UAO). To our knowledge, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage has not been reported previously as a complication of an UAO. We describe a case of negative pressure pulmonary hemorrhage, and we propose that its etiology is stress failure, the mechanical disruption of the alveolar-capillary membrane.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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2/150. mycobacterium tuberculosis infection masquerading as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage after autologous stem cell transplant.

    We report a fatal case of pulmonary tuberculosis masquerading as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage after autologous stem cell transplant.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = alveolar
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3/150. Diffuse recidivant alveolar hemorrhage in a patient with hepatitis c virus-related mixed cryoglobulinemia.

    A case of diffuse and recidivant alveolar hemorrhage is presented in a patient with hepatitis c virus-related type II mixed cryoglobulinemia with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. The patient was a 48-year-old white woman who suffered several outbreaks of pulmonary hemorrhage refractory to treatment with steroids, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, plasmapheresis and interferon-alpha. The patient also presented persistent increased titers of immune complexes and rheumatoid factor with no histological hepatic alterations. Some considerations about evolution and treatment are given according to the updated physiopathology of this disease.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = alveolar
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4/150. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in the antiphospholipid syndrome: spectrum of disease and treatment.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and treatment of patients with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) who develop diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. methods: Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is an occasionally reported manifestation of the APS. The diagnosis, however, may be overlooked or manifestations attributed to another disease process. Seven episodes in 5 patients with primary APS were identified and retrospectively reviewed for presenting symptoms and signs, laboratory findings, and response to treatment. RESULTS: The severity of the condition varies, and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage may be the initial manifestation of APS. patients may present with symptoms ranging from cough, dyspnea, and fever with or without hemoptysis, to symptoms of acute respiratory failure. Hypoxemia and anemia are usually present. Other causes need to be excluded. bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage with or without biopsy often aid in confirming the diagnosis. The pathologic abnormality appears to be microvascular thrombosis with or without capillaritis. Treatment with corticosteroids usually leads to marked improvement. CONCLUSION: patients with APS may present with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage resulting in mild to life threatening symptoms. Prompt and thorough evaluation to confirm the diagnosis and treatment with corticosteroids usually leads to rapid improvement. The clinical setting will dictate whether other therapies such as immunosuppressive agents or intravenous immunoglobulin are required.
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ranking = 4.5
keywords = alveolar
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5/150. The decline and early fall of neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage.

    Seven years' experience (1965-1972) with neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage at the University of colorado was reviewed. Pulmonary hemorrhage still occurs frequently as a preterminal event in hyaline membrane disease. As an isolated "pure" entity, however, pulmonary hemorrhage has shown a marked decline. This phenomenon is probably related to advances in neonatal intensive care. The radiographic pattern of "pure" pulmonary hemorrhage in the newborn is most commonly a diffuse alveolar infiltrate. Since pure hemorrhage is now an uncommon entity, the radiologist can reasonably suggest this diagnosis on rare occasions only, in the clinical setting of profound hypoxia.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = alveolar
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6/150. Severe pulmonary hemorrhage in patients with serious group A streptococcal infections: report of two cases.

    Severe pulmonary hemorrhage was observed in two patients who died of serious group A streptococcal infections. These two patients initially presented with fever and sore throat. This was followed by sudden onset of septicemia caused by the bacteria and by the subsequent development of severe pulmonary hemorrhage. hemoptysis, cyanosis, and dyspnea were observed prior to death in both cases. This pulmonary lesion resulted in asphyxia and sudden death in one patient. Pathological examinations of the lung revealed severe intraalveolar hemorrhage, with no evidence of inflammation or necrosis of the pulmonary tissue. There was no evidence of aspiration of blood due to hemorrhage in the upper respiratory or alimentary tract. This visceral lesion appears to be an hitherto undescribed, novel clinicopathologic feature of patients with serious group A streptococcal infections.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = alveolar
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7/150. Isolation of stachybotrys from the lung of a child with pulmonary hemosiderosis.

    Recently, stachybotrys atra, a toxigenic fungus, has been implicated as a potential cause of pulmonary hemorrhage/hemosiderosis in infants living in water-damaged homes. Although epidemiologic evidence supports this association, neither the organism nor its toxic products has ever been recovered from humans. We report the first case in which stachybotrys was isolated from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of a child with pulmonary hemorrhage. stachybotrys was also recovered from his water-damaged home. The patient recovered completely after his immediate removal from the environment and subsequent cleaning of his home. This case provides further evidence that this fungus is capable of causing pulmonary hemorrhage in children.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = alveolar
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8/150. High-dose corticosteroid therapy for diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in allogeneic bone marrow stem cell transplant recipients.

    In a series of 74 patients with hematological malignancies undergoing allogeneic bone marrow or peri- pheral blood stem cell transplants from an HLA-identical sibling donor, four developed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) between days 0 and 23 post transplant. diagnosis was made by the radiographic finding of diffuse bilateral lung opacities, and bloody lavage fluid on bronchoscopy. Two patients required mechanical ventilatory support. They were treated with methylprednisolone 0.25-1.5 g/day for at least 4 days with slow tapering thereafter. All patients showed an immediate response and two became long-term survivors with normal respiratory function. Two had a relapse of DAH, developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and died with multi-organ failure. risk factors for DAH were one or more courses of intensive chemotherapy pretransplant vs no treatment or low-dose chemotherapy (4/4 DAH vs 23/70 no DAH; P = 0.015), and second transplants (2/2 DAH vs 1/70 with no DAH; P = 0.006). These results indicate that DAH is life-threatening but is potentially reversible by prompt treatment with high doses of steroids.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = alveolar
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9/150. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and pulmonary capillaritis due to propylthiouracil.

    propylthiouracil (PTU) has recently been observed to be associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive small vessel vasculitis, resulting in crescentic glomerulonephritis and, infrequently, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). We describe a case of a 23-year-old pregnant woman who developed a perinuclear ANCA and antimyeloperoxidase-positive small vessel vasculitis manifesting as DAH and crescentic glomerulonephritis after she began taking PTU. An open lung biopsy was consistent with pulmonary capillaritis. She responded to corticosteroid therapy and discontinuation of PTU. DAH can be caused by pulmonary capillaritis, bland hemorrhage, or diffuse alveolar damage. To our knowledge, this represents the first documentation of an underlying pulmonary capillaritis in a case of PTU-induced DAH.
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ranking = 3
keywords = alveolar
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10/150. Acute pulmonary hemorrhage following a honeybee sting: a case report.

    A generalized allergic reaction to or anaphylaxis from honeybee sting may involve the skin with erythema, puritus, urticaria, or angioedema; the respiratory tract with laryngeal edema, and brochospasm; the cardiovascular system with myocardial depression, hypotension, and shock; and the gastrointestinal system with nausea, vomiting, and incontinence. Acute pulmonary hemorrhage following a honeybee sting has never been reported. We describe a previously healthy 14-year-old girl who developed acute pulmonary hemorrhage, hypotension, and generalized skin rash after a single honeybee sting on her right fourth finger. Her serum immunoglobulin e (IgE) was high (360 IU/mL). Chest X-ray revealed perihilar alveolar infiltrative lesions. Metabolic acidosis and hypoxemia were also found. After treatment with antihistamines, dopamine, corticosteroids, bronchodilaters, fluid replacement, and mechanical ventilation, her condition improved dramatically. A hypersensitivity reaction to honeybee venom is the most likely explanation for this unusual case of acute pulmonary hemorrhage.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = alveolar
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