Cases reported "Hemothorax"

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1/6. Unusual presentation of rib exostosis.

    We report two cases of unusual presentation of rib exostosis. The first patient presented acutely with hemorrhagic shock due to massive hemothorax, and the second patient presented with repetitive chest infection complicated by empyema. In both patients, preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scan of the chest revealed rib exostoses, necessitating thoracotomy and rib resection.
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2/6. hemothorax: an unusual complication of costal exostosis.

    We report a case of a spontaneous hemothorax in a 15-year-old girl because of costal exostosis. This possibly may have been provoked by a nontraumatic rupture of markedly dilated pleural vessels because of long-standing friction between the exostosis and the pleura. The authors conclude that exostosis of the rib is a rare cause of hemothorax in children and should be considered among possible etiologies in diagnosis.
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3/6. Haemothorax caused by a solitary costal exostosis.

    A case of spontaneous haemothorax in a 14 year old boy due to trauma to the diaphragm caused by a solitary benign growth (exostosis) of a rib is described.
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4/6. Spontaneous hemothorax in a patient with hereditary multiple exostoses.

    A case of spontaneous hemothorax in a 7-year-old child secondary to erosion of the diaphragm by an exostosis coming from the left sixth rib is reported. This rare case of hemothorax with hereditary multiple exostoses is made even rarer by the concomitant perforation of the diaphragm.
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5/6. Exostosis of a rib causing laceration of the diaphragm: diagnosis and management.

    A 17-year-old boy presented with spontaneous hemothorax due to a puncture wound of the diaphragm by an inward facing exostosis of the rib. diagnosis was made by computed tomographic scan, and the patient underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic procedure to remove the exostosis. This is only the eighth reported case of an exostosis causing hemothorax.
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6/6. Spontaneous haemothorax caused by costal exostosis.

    We report a case of spontaneous haemothorax in a 19 year old boy with an exostosis of the left second rib. It may have been caused by nontraumatic rupture of markedly dilated pleural vessels, as a result of long-standing friction between the exostosis and the pleura. This is the first report of spontaneous haemothorax, without penetrative injury to the pleura or the diaphragm, in a patient with hereditary multiple exostosis.
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