Cases reported "Hemothorax"

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1/307. rupture of aortic aneurysm with right-sided haemothorax.

    A 62-yr-old male with a history of high blood pressure was admitted for persistent dyspnoea and a right-sided pleural effusion, complicated by a recent episode of shock. There was no history of trauma and the patient denied any thoracic pain. A chest tube was inserted which released nonclotting bloody fluid. A thoracic computed tomographic scan of the chest revealed an aneurysm of the inferior third of the descending thoracic aorta. The patient underwent a successful prosthetic graft replacement. We emphasize that rupture of aortic aneurysms should be considered in the evaluation of spontaneous haemothorax even if it is right-sided and not associated with pain. ( info)

2/307. pulmonary artery bullet injury following thoracic gunshot wound.

    Thoracic trauma occurs frequently but seldom requires surgery (10-20%, [1]). The mortality rate for gunshot wound of the chest varies from 14.3 to 36.8% [2]. We report, herein an example of bullet injury to the pulmonary artery (PA) following a thoracic gunshot wound. This patient had previous history of coronary surgery. Absolute and relative indications for exploratory thoracotomy in emergency will be reviewed. ( info)

3/307. Spontaneous haemothorax: a cause of sudden death in von Recklinghausen's disease.

    Vasculopathy is a relatively frequent but poorly recognised manifestation of von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis. One of its more dramatic presentations is as spontaneous haemothorax. Clinicians and pathologists should be aware of this syndrome as a cause of sudden death in patients with neurofibromatosis. ( info)

4/307. Bilateral hemothorax revealing mediastinal parathyroid adenoma.

    We report the case of a 63-year-old woman admitted to hospital because of bilateral hemothorax associated with acute respiratory failure and laterotracheal neoformation. A right thoracoscopy biopsy revealed a paratracheal parathyroid adenoma which was responsible for bilateral hemothorax and primary hyperparathyroidism. A curative resection was successfully performed by cervicotomy. ( info)

5/307. Intrathoracic extramedullary haematopoiesis complicated by massive haemothorax in alpha-thalassaemia.

    Intrathoracic extramedullary haematopoiesis (EMH) is a rare entity that is usually asymptomatic. A 44 year old man with alpha-thalassaemia is described who developed dyspnoea and massive left sided haemothorax. The haemoglobin disorder was established by Hgb H staining and haemoglobin electrophoretic studies. The dna analysis revealed it to be a case of double heterozygous terminal codon mutation with the genotype alphaalphaCS/alphaalphaT. Computed tomographic scanning and magnetic resonance imaging of the thorax showed multiple paravertebral masses which were found by thoracoscopic biopsy to be extramedullary haematopoiesis. Although no additional sclerosing pleurodesis or low dose radiation therapy was given, the lung expanded well and there has been no recurrence of haemothorax to date. ( info)

6/307. Haemoptysis after breath-hold diving.

    Pulmonary oedema has been described in swimmers and self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (Scuba) divers. This study reports three cases of haemoptysis secondary to alveolar haemorrhage in breath-hold divers. Contributory factors, such as haemodynamic modifications secondary to immersion, cold exposure, exercise and exposure to an increase in ambient pressure, could explain this type of accident. Furthermore, these divers had taken aspirin, which may have aggravated the bleeding. ( info)

7/307. Delayed traumatic hemothorax on ticlopidine and aspirin for coronary stent.

    A 64-year-old man presented with worsening dyspnea on exertion and hemothorax of the left chest 7 days after discharge from the hospital on ticlopidine and aspirin after coronary stent placement to his left circumflex artery. He had suffered traumatic rib fractures to the seventh, eighth, and ninth left ribs 28 days before this presentation and 21 days before starting the ticlopidine. Results of chest radiography at discharge 7 days earlier while on aspirin and after brief IV heparin had been negative except for minimal atelectasis and rib fractures barely visible on posteroanterior view. The delayed hemothorax had lowered the peripheral blood hematocrit to 23% and required tube thoracostomy drainage and blood transfusion. The delayed traumatic hemothorax in this case occurred on treatment with ticlopidine and did not recur with continuation of aspirin alone. ( info)

8/307. Spontaneous hemothorax secondary to immature teratoma of the mediastinum.

    Spontaneous hemothorax in a 20-year-old boy was caused by rupture of an immature teratoma of the mediastinum. The tumor bled spontaneously into the right pleural space. This life-threatening complication necessitated emergency surgery. The unusual cause and the interesting clinical course of spontaneous hemothorax are described. ( info)

9/307. Hepatocellular carcinoma with metastasis to the rib complicated by hemothorax. An autopsy case.

    A 64-year old man was admitted to our hospital with multiple hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) lesions in the liver, lung and bone. Three weeks after admission, the patient became complicated with right upper chest pain. A chest radiograph showed a marked increase in right pleural effusion. Thoracentesis demonstrated a hemothorax. Despite treatment with a continuous pleural tap and blood transfusions, the patient's clinical status worsened and he developed severe dyspnea. His right pleural effusion might be considered to be caused by a rupture of the HCC metastasis in the right 2nd rib. The patient died due to respiratory and hepatic failure 26 hours after his occurring the pleural effusion. An autopsy revealed moderately differentiated HCC in the liver, lung and bone. The HCC metastasis of the right 2nd rib was found to have torn the nearby pleura. We described a rare case in which hemothorax was caused by a ruptured rib-based HCC. ( info)

10/307. Polymorphous hemangioendothelioma.

    Polymorphous hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor; only 5 patients have been previously described. Half of all cases described have occurred in the thoracic cavity, all being discovered on chest radiologic studies obtained for other reasons. This report presents the case of a female patient with polymorphous hemangioendothelioma and a brief review of the current literature. ( info)
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