Cases reported "Hepatitis A"

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1/244. Fetal meconium peritonitis after maternal hepatitis A.

    hepatitis a virus has rarely been implicated in congenital infections. After maternal hepatitis A at 13 weeks' gestation, ultrasonographic examinations revealed fetal ascites (20 weeks) and meconium peritonitis (33 weeks). After delivery, a perforated distal ileum was resected. Elevated levels of hepatitis A immunoglobulin g persisted in the infant 6 months after delivery.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hepatitis, b
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2/244. Hepatitis A-induced diabetes mellitus, acute renal failure, and liver failure.

    A 38-year-old otherwise healthy man presented with hepatic failure (aspartate aminotransferase of 7212 U/L, alanine aminotransferase of 6629 U/L, total and direct bilirubin of 10.7 mg/dL) and acute renal failure (creatinine of 11.6 mg/dL and blood urea nitrogen of 42 mg/dL), which required hemodialysis when the creatinine increased to 21 mg/dL, with a blood urea nitrogen of 115 mg/dL, and the patient became oliguric. On admission, this patient also had a lipase of 1833 U/L, amylase of 211 U/L, glucose of 210 mg/dL, and reactive IgM antibody for acute hepatitis A. The hepatitis and acute renal failure resolved in 3 months, but this patient continues to have type II diabetes mellitus 7 years after the hepatitis A infection. This case illustrates that hepatitis A infection may be severe with liver failure, acute renal failure, and permanent diabetes mellitus as sequale of this infection.
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ranking = 0.66666853559077
keywords = hepatitis, b
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3/244. Acute pancreatitis associated with viral hepatitis: a report of six cases with review of literature.

    association of hepatitis viruses with acute pancreatitis in the setting of nonfulminant viral hepatitis is rare. We report six cases of nonfulminant viral hepatitis complicated by acute pancreatitis, including the first documented case of hepatitis e virus (HEV) associated acute pancreatitis. The other five patients had acute viral hepatitis caused by hepatitis A infection. Besides features of viral hepatitis, the presence of typical abdominal pain, high serum amylase, and ultrasound or CT scan features suggested the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. This complication generally developed in the initial phase of the hepatitic illness. All of the patients had mild to moderate pancreatitis that recovered uneventfully with conservative treatment.
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ranking = 1.8333332349689
keywords = hepatitis, b
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4/244. Medical treatment of the adolescent drug abuser. An opportunity for rehabilitative intervention.

    Illnesses related to both the pharmacologic properties of abused substances and their methods of administration often bring the teenager to medical attention and may provide sufficient motivation for the adolescent to seek help beyond the acute problem. Successful treatment of an overdose reaction, an abstinence syndrome, or any other medical complication of drug abuse may give the physician a unique opportunity to begine further evalution for future care.
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ranking = 2.5082928716582E-6
keywords = b
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5/244. Autoimmune hepatitis in a genetically susceptible patient: is it triggered by acute viral hepatitis A?

    The pathogenic mechanisms for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are not completely known. Susceptibility to AIH is associated with the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) class II: DR3 and DR4. Nevertheless, AIH does not have a strong genetic predisposition, suggesting that other factors are involved. Perhaps the strongest evidence of a viral cause for AIH exists for hepatitis c virus. AIH has been reported to develop rarely after acute infection with hepatitis a virus. We report on a 55-year-old woman in whom AIH developed during the convalescence period of serologically proven acute viral hepatitis type A. HLA class II DRB1*0401, which was reported to be associated with AIH with a moderate coarse and late appearance in life, was found in this patient. Steroid therapy was followed by a complete clinical remission. Our case supports the possibility that acute hepatitis A may trigger the development of AIH in a genetically susceptible subject.
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ranking = 2.1666682404975
keywords = hepatitis, b
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6/244. Hepatitis A outbreak in an institution.

    In February 1996, four serologically confirmed cases of hepatitis a virus (HAV) occurred in one household. Investigation showed that the source was a family member with sub-clinical HAV who attended a Unit for learning Disabilities. Reports of two further cases in the institution followed and control measures were instigated. Contacts were unwilling to accept human normal immunoglobulin (HNIG). Following salivary antibody and serological testing, hepatitis A vaccine was offered to the non-immune. An investigation found that sub-clinical infection was significantly associated with being less than 5 years old (RR = 6.07, p < 0.005) and being in one particular classroom (RR = 6.21, p < 0.0005). None of the staff in the institution became infected. In all, 31 cases of hepatitis A (18 clinical and 13 subclinical cases) occurred. This paper (a) describes an outbreak of hepatitis A (b) refers to the use of a salivary antibody test (assay performance to be published elsewhere) (c) identifies factors associated with the acquisition of HAV and (d) endeavours to assess the effectiveness of the vaccine to contain the outbreak.
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ranking = 0.66666971596388
keywords = hepatitis, b
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7/244. Fulminant hepatitis A in indigenous children in north queensland.

    Since 1993, three Indigenous children in north queensland have died of fulminant hepatitis A. Even if the children had been able to undergo liver transplantation, prolonged immunosuppressant therapy and the likelihood of opportunistic infections would inevitably have jeopardised any chance of long-term survival. As hepatitis A has become a leading infectious cause of death in young Indigenous children in north queensland, hepatitis A vaccine has recently been introduced into the vaccination schedule for these children.
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ranking = 1.1666670601244
keywords = hepatitis, b
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8/244. Fatality from hepatitis A in a child taking valproate.

    We report an 8-year-old boy with complex partial seizures due to congenital stroke, treated with valproate for more than 3 years (the last 2 years were on monotherapy) with no complications during that period except for transient thrombocytopenia. His sister had uncomplicated hepatitis A. One month later, the patient became jaundiced, went into fulminant hepatic failure, and quickly became encephalopathic despite discontinuation of valproate, aggressive supportive therapy, and treatment with carmitine. He then died. He had positive hepatitis A IgM; other causes for acute hepatitis were ruled out. Liver pathology revealed distended hepatocytes with cholestasis and microvesicular changes. We could find in the literature two other articles on four cases who developed liver failure with hepatitis A while on valproate. All those cases, however, recovered. In our patient a usually benign disease became deadly, probably because of the concomitant use of a hepatotoxic medication. Immunizing, with hepatitis A vaccine, all children on valproate therapy who are living in, or traveling to, endemic areas should be considered and is probably advisable.
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ranking = 1.5000014754664
keywords = hepatitis, b
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9/244. Acute pancreatitis with cholestatic hepatitis: an unusual manifestation of hepatitis A.

    Acute hepatitis A infection is an uncommon cause of pancreatitis in children. To date, only four cases have been reported in the paediatric literature. We report a 7-year-old girl with acute pancreatitis associated with hepatitis A infection who made a satisfactory recovery. The report highlights the CT findings including focal necrosis not previously reported. Because of the extreme rarity of the complication, the four previous reports have also been single case reports. This paper reviews all these cases with a view to elucidating the aetiopathogenesis of the pancreatitis.
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ranking = 1.6666664699378
keywords = hepatitis, b
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10/244. Hepatitis A and acute pancreatitis.

    Acute pancreatitis in association with acute viral hepatitis A in uncommon. We present the case of a young girl with acute pancreatitis complicating acute viral hepatitis A. The finding of IgM anti-HAV and exclusion of a vast array of other etiologies implicates hepatitis A the cause.
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ranking = 0.49999985245336
keywords = hepatitis
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