Cases reported "Hernia, Diaphragmatic"

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1/32. Esophago-gastric invagination in patients with sliding hiatus hernia.

    intussusception of the distal esophagus into a reducible hiatus hernia is described in nine female and three male patients. The main radiographic feature is demonstration of a lobulated fundal mass of changeable size and configuration surrounding the narrowed distal esophageal segment. This pseudotumor is produced by inversion of the hiatus hernia into the stomach, and may be mistaken for a neoplasm. Disinvagination invariably occurs when maneuvers directed toward demonstration of a sliding hernia are utilized during upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy. It is emphasized that esophago-gastric invagination frequently accounts for masses shown in the cardia of older women with intermittent dysphagia and crampy epigastric pain.
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keywords = esophagus
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2/32. Laparoscopic repair of a chronic diaphragmatic hernia.

    Diaphragmatic injuries that remain undetected after an acute traumatic event may lead to the formation of a diaphragmatic hernia. Symptoms of a chronic diaphragmatic hernia are related to the incarceration of abdominal contents in the defect or to impingement of the lung, heart, or thoracic esophagus by abdominal viscera. A 49-year-old woman with a symptomatic chronic diaphragmatic hernia from an unrecognized iatrogenic injury to the left hemidiaphragm sought treatment. The diaphragmatic injury occurred 2 years earlier when a low, left-sided chest tube was placed for a persistent pleural effusion 2 weeks after a lower lobectomy for an aspergilloma. The patient's diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed after an upper gastrointestinal series and an esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Approximately 75% of her stomach was incarcerated in the diaphragmatic defect. The diaphragmatic hernia was repaired laparoscopically using a 9 cm x 10-cm polytetrafluoroethylene patch sewn with nonabsorbable, interrupted, horizontal mattress sutures. Improvement of video technology, laparoscopic instruments, and surgical skills has allowed surgeons to expand the boundaries of advanced therapeutic laparoscopy. These factors facilitated the authors' standard tension-free prosthetic repair of a chronic diaphragmatic hernia using minimally invasive techniques.
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keywords = esophagus
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3/32. Transient mega-esophagus in a neonate with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Esophageal dilatation (ED) in neonates is rare. In the present case, ED was detected in a chest radiograph following repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in a term neonate. A roentgenographic swallow study on the seventh day of life demonstrated ED and a sub-diaphragmatic stomach. The infant thrived adequately on enteral feeding. A swallow study on the twentieth day of life showed a normal-width esophagus with gastroesophageal reflux and small hiatus hernia. The longstanding herniated stomach in the fetus apparently caused kinking, edema, and obstruction of the gastroesophageal junction. This led to a significant ED and concealment of gastroesophageal reflux. We aim to arouse awareness about the occurrence of ED with CDH, and about its benign course under conservative management.
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ranking = 5
keywords = esophagus
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4/32. adenocarcinoma in a Barrett oesophagus.

    A case of adenocarcinoma developing at the squamocolumnar epithelial junction of a Barrett oesophagus is reported. This rare tumour was remarkable because of the youth of the patient and because of the signet-cell cytological pattern of the neoplasm. It is postulated that both the columnar epithelial lining of the lower part of the oesophagus and the malignant change are a consequence of long-standing oesophageal reflux.
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ranking = 6
keywords = esophagus
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5/32. Abnormal esophageal anatomy associated with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia: report of a case.

    gastroesophageal reflux associated with anatomic and functional abnormalities of the esophagus may be encountered following the repair of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We report herein the case of a newborn male infant with CDH found to have an air-filled paravertebral structure. Upper gastrointestinal series confirmed the presence of an ectatic esophagus with poor peristalsis and severe gastroesophageal reflux. The patient required jejunostomy after a safe period of total parenteral nutrition. He tolerated oral feeding following medical treatment without the need for antireflux surgery. The association of dysphagia, esophageal ectasia, and gastroesophageal reflux is rarely seen with CDH, and feeding intolerance is a self-limited disorder that does not usually necessitate antireflux surgery.
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ranking = 2
keywords = esophagus
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6/32. Morgagni hernia and thoracic deformities.

    We report two cases of Morgagni hernia associated with pectus carinatum. This association is exceptional; only two other cases have been reported so far. In one of our patients, an abdominal surgical approach was used to repair the Morgagni hernia and to perform a Nissen-Rossetti procedure (for an associated endobrachyesophagus); the patient did not require correction of the pectus carinatum. In the other patient, both thoracic deformity and Morgagni hernia were repaired using the same thoracic approach.
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keywords = esophagus
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7/32. Laparoscopic treatment of Bochdalek hernia without the use of a mesh.

    Bochdalek hernia is a rare pathology. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult, and few reports are available regarding its treatment. Herein we report the case of a 25-year-old woman referred for symptoms of dyspepsia, dysphagia, and thoracic pain exacerbated by pregnancy. Preoperative radiography, EGD, and CT scan revealed a paraesophageal hiatal hernia. Laparoscopic exploration showed the complete thoracic migration of the stomach through a left posterolateral diaphragmatic foramen. The diagnosis of a Bochdalek hernia was then made. The diaphragmatic defect was repaired without inserting a prosthesis, using five separate non-reabsorbable stitches (Rieder technique). The procedure was completed with a Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication. The duration of the procedure was 150 min. Hospital stay was 12 days. There were no complications. Postoperative Gastrografin radiography of the esophagus and stomach showed a normal-shaped fundoplication and confirmed the subdiaphragmatic location of the stomach. We conclude that the laparoscopic approach represents the gold standard for the diagnosis and treatment of Bochdalek hernia and any associated complications.
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keywords = esophagus
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8/32. Congenital duodenal membrane as cause for hiatus hernia, stricture of the oesophagus, and stricture carcinoma in an adult with Down's syndrome.

    The case of a 31 year old male mongoloid patient is reported, where a congenital duodenal membrane, asymptomatic in childhood, had led to hiatal hernia, stricture of the oesophagus, and finally to carcinoma of the stricture (Fig. 1). observation time until death was 26 months. In a first operation, the membrane was resected (Fig. 2) and Nissen's fundoplication performed. 31/2 months after that stricture, carcinoma was diagnosed. In the second operation, carcinoma was resected and continuity reestablished by oesophagogastrostomy. The patient died 8 months after the second intervention.
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ranking = 5
keywords = esophagus
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9/32. Congenital microgastria with esophageal stenosis and diaphragmatic hernia.

    A rare case of congenital microgastria in association with distal esophageal stenosis and left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia is reported. Other features included megaesophagus and asplenia. The probable causative factors are discussed.
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keywords = esophagus
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10/32. Postesophageal narrowing associated with barrett esophagus.

    Two children have been found to have partially obstructing lesions beyond the esophagus in association with mid-esophageal stricture. Both were found to have columnar epithelium-lined (Barrett) esophagus, and gastro-esophageal reflux. The more distal obstruction, in the pylorus and descending duodenum respectively, may have contributed to the development of the barrett esophagus. It is recommended that any barium study of the esophagus which reveals an unexplained stricture should include visualization through the duodenojejunal junction as an aid to diagnosis, management, and understanding.
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ranking = 8
keywords = esophagus
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