Cases reported "Hernia, Diaphragmatic"

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11/123. Laparoscopic repair of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia in an adult.

    A patient undergoing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication had an intraoperative finding of a left Bochdalek hernia, which was repaired with an onlay of fenestrated PTFE. This appears to be the first report of such a case.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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12/123. Surgical intervention for emphysematous pulmonary regions in a postoperative infant with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    A postoperative infant with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) developed extrinsic obstruction of the trachea by the innominate artery that ensued from unequal expansion of the lungs followed by left mediastinal shift. Septation of the anterior mediastinum prevented unequal expansion of the lungs, and elongation of the innominate artery improved proximal airway obstruction. Prolonged artificial ventilation, however, resulted in the emphysematous bullae in the left lung. lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS), at 3 years of age, ameliorated the respiratory distress and resulted in good weight gain. Surgical intervention, including LVRS, should be considered to improve respiratory disturbance caused by difference in compliance of the lungs in children.
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ranking = 5
keywords = operative
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13/123. chylothorax after repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia--a case report.

    chylothorax is a rarely recognised post-operative complication following repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We report here a newborn infant with this condition which resolved with percutaneous chest drainage, total parenteral nutrition and enteral feeding of a formula high in medium-chain triglycerides.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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14/123. Laparoscopic repair of a Morgagni hernia.

    Morgagni hernias are unusual diaphragmatic hernias which usually present in adulthood. They have traditionally been repaired through transabdominal or transthoracic approaches. The authors present a case of a laparoscopic repair of a Morgagni hernia in a 52-year-old female. A tension free repair of the defect was accomplished utilizing Goretex (W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc., North Elkton, MD) mesh. The patient had an uneventful recovery and is asymptomatic at 6 months follow-up. The etiology, diagnosis and traditional surgical approaches to this problem are discussed. A technique for laparoscopic repair of a Morgagni hernia is described. The literature on the laparoscopic repair of a Morgagni hernia is reviewed and different operative techniques are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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15/123. Bochodalek hernia in a young adult: report of a case.

    A Bochodalek hernia is rarely seen in adults. An 18-year-old man was referred to our institute with the chief complaint of a sudden onset of left subcostal pain, nausea, and vomiting. A radiograph and a computed tomographic scan of the chest revealed a Bochodalek hernia. Emergency surgery was thus performed. The herniated organs were put back into the peritoneal cavity and the hernial hilum was closed. The postoperative course was uneventful. A routine chest radiograph 1 month before had shown a slight elevation of the left hemidiaphragm and further examination using computed tomography suggested a Bochodalek hernia, but he had merely been followed up since there were no symptoms. As soon as a diagnosis is made, specific repairs should be carried out even if no symptoms are present, to prevent such complications as strangulation or perforation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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16/123. Accessory liver in an infant with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    incidence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) ranges from 1 in 2,400 to one in 5,000 live births. Associated anomalies in CDH are approximately 30% to 35%. The authors report on an infant with CDH and an accessory supradiaphragmatic liver with separate vascularization from the thoracic aorta. The pathogenesis of this malformation is discussed. The postoperative course and the follow-up of the child over 5 years was completely uneventful.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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17/123. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in an adult simulating a pleural liposarcoma.

    We report the case of a 32-year-old man with the onset of exercise-related dyspnea, chest pain and chest radiography simulating a pleural effusion. The computed tomography of the chest showed signs suggesting pleural liposarcoma. Because of these findings, a videothoracoscopy was performed which surprisingly showed the presence in the left pleural space of intrapleural omentum and spleen. This report underlines that the clinical manifestations of Bochdalek hernia in adults are variegate and in most cases preoperative diagnosis is not possible.
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keywords = operative
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18/123. Herniation through triple defects of the diaphragm with gastric volvulus.

    A rare case of herniation through triple defects in the diaphragm with volvulus of the stomach is reported. Herniation with gastric volvulus was diagnosed preoperatively. Three diaphragmatic defects were detected at surgery. Repair of the defects after reduction of the abdominal contents resulted in an uneventful recovery.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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19/123. Tension hemothorax following abdominal surgery - a rare presentation of congenital diaphragmatic defect.

    BACKGROUND: Small congenital diaphragmatic defects are usually occult, but can present as a problem in patients with increased abdominal fluid as unilateral massive hydrothorax. We present a unique case presentation of a small congenital diaphragmatic defect. CASE REPORT: A 79 female immediately postoperatively developed a hydrothorax following low anterior resection for rectal cancer. The hydrothorax turned out to be due to an intrabdominal bleed in a patient with a previously undiagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The respiratory ball value mechanism worked as a pump to move blood from the abdomen to the chest and caused a tension hemothorax. RESULTS: Surgeons should be aware that a post operative hydrothorax could be associated with an intrabdominal complication of recent surgery. CONCLUSIONS: A small occult congenital diaphragmatic defect and associated ball value mechanism may provide an unexpected but clinically significant communication between the abdominal and thoracic cavities.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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20/123. Thoracoscopic treatment for delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in the infant. A report of three cases.

    BACKGROUND: Delayed presentations of congenital hernia occurring outside of the neonatal period have been reported for all ages. Classically, repair of the hernia defect involves a transverse subcostal laparotomy in the pediatric age group and usually a thoracotomy in the adult. The first report describing a laparoscopic repair of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a 6-month-old infant was published in 1995. During the past 25 years, 17 patients with delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernias have been managed by our pediatric surgery team. The last three patients underwent surgery thoracoscopically. patients and methods: This study involved two boys (ages, 8.3 and 19 months, respectively) and one girl (age, 9 months) weighing 8 to 13 kg. All three infants underwent surgery using a thoracoscopic approach with general anesthesia. A thoracic epidural catheter was placed systematically for postoperative analgesia during the first 24 hours. Reduction of the hernia contents using one optical trocar and two operating trocars was difficult in the case without any hernia sac. In the cases with a hernia sac, reduction was easily and quickly obtained with a pleural insufflation of carbon dioxide (~8 mmHg). The hernia defect was repaired using interrupted sutures of 2/0 Ethibond. For two of the three patients, this repair was reinforced with staples in the one case and a nonresorbable mesh in the other case. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 78 min. The chest tube was removed on the first or second postoperative day and the patients were discharged on the fourth or fifth postoperative day. At the 19-month follow-up assessment in one case, the chest x-ray was perfectly normal and diaphragmatic motion also was confirmed to be normal by ultrasonography. CONCLUSIONS: The thoracoscopic approach for the repair of delayed-presentation congenital diaphragmatic hernia is feasible. Our results demonstrate the safety and efficiency of this surgery, as well as a remarkable functional and cosmetic result and a very quick recovery.
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ranking = 4
keywords = operative
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