Cases reported "Hernia, Inguinal"

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1/5. Irreducible inguinal hernia, bowel obstruction, and torsion of testis in a patient with testicular feminization syndrome.

    Testicular feminization syndrome, irreducible inguinal hernia, bowel obstruction, and testicular torsion were diagnosed and treated in a 13-year-old girl. diagnosis of this case in such a complex form in an emergency room is a rare occurrence. Through this case, we want to emphasize the coincidence of inguinal hernia and testicular feminization and the X-linked recessive transmission character of the disease.
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2/5. female inguinal hernias and testicular feminization.

    Surgeons and clinicians should be aware of testicular feminization and its implications in performing inguinal hernia repairs on female patients of any age. Removal of the gonads is probably indicated only after pubertal growth is complete. Other intersex conditions usually require prepubertal gonadectomy, but in these patients diagnosis is often made before any planned hernia repair. Incisional biopsy of abnormal gonads is important, but the diagnosis of testicular feminization must be confirmed by appropriate laboratory tests. Corticosteroids should be given to cover the immediate postoperative period so that patients with biochemical defects will not have hypoadrenalism.
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3/5. Testicular feminization syndrome (androgen insensitivity).

    Three children with testicular feminization syndrome have been seen in the past 4 yr. Each presented with at least one large inguinal hernia. The gonad was proven to be a testis by frozen section. Gonadectomy and herniorrhaphy were done. The plan is to remove the second gonad after puberty. The causation and genetics of this condition are briefly discussed.
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keywords = feminization
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4/5. Testicular feminization syndrome.

    The testicular feminization syndrome is an uncommon condition with a familial background. The clinical features of a typical case are presented, as well as its management. It is emphasized that these patients and their parents must be treated with the greatest sensitivity when the condition is explained to them.
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keywords = feminization
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5/5. Testicular feminization syndrome diagnosed in an elderly patient at surgery. A case report.

    A case of Morris' syndrome in which the diagnosis has been realized only in old age is reported. A 69 year-old patient, with female external genitalia and secondary sexual characteristics, was referred to us with a diagnosis of a mass in the right inguinal region. Her personal history was based on a primary amenorrhoea, which was unsuccessfully investigated since she was adolescent. At the age of 63, during surgery for a left inguinal hernia realized in another hospital, a testis-like mass with the spermatic cord was casually found. During our hospitalization, a surgical removal of the right inguinal mass was performed, and the histologic examination showed the presence of a dominant sclerohyalin testicular tissue without evidence of seminal epithelium and sparse focuses of leydig cells hyperplasia. Besides, the determination of gonadotropins and sex hormones yielded an increased production of LH, FSH, estradiol, testosterone and androstenedione. A cytogenetic analysis showed a 46, XY karyotype. The diagnosis realized only in old age has compelled the patient to live all her life, from sexual maturity, with indecision and doubt, and without a clinical explanation of fundamental utility even from the psychological point of view. Finally, in our patient the absence of cytologic aspect of malignant transformation in the removed testes in a six years period, seem fortuitous. It is always necessary to consider Morris' syndrome among the possible diseases causing primary amenorrhoea in the clinical evaluation of young phenotypic female patients.
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