Cases reported "Hernia, Obturator"

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1/43. Strangulated obturator hernia: still deadly.

    The case of an elderly, emaciated female patient with recurrent lower abdominal and hip pain associated with nausea and vomiting due to an incarcerated obturator hernia is described. The presence of a Howship-Romberg sign and a tender mass on digital rectal examination in this thin, elderly woman with a small bowel obstruction led to the rapid diagnosis of an obturator hernia by computed tomography (CT). The high mortality rate associated with this most lethal of all abdominal hernias requires a high index of suspicion to facilitate rapid diagnosis and surgical intervention if the survival rate is to be improved. ( info)

2/43. Typical versus atypical presentation of obturator hernia.

    Although it is a rare occurrence among all pelvic hernias diagnosed the obturator hernia continues to be a diagnostic challenge for surgeons today. These patients, who often have multiple concurrent medical problems, are subject to high morbidity and mortality rates resulting from late presentation and delayed surgical intervention. The vast majority of patients with obturator hernias are admitted with signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction, namely anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and distension of 2 to 3 days' duration. In this paper, however, we highlight a small subset of obturator hernia patients who present without obstructive symptoms and do well after elective repair. The case reports that follow serve to compare and contrast two very different presentations of this surgical problem. ( info)

3/43. Obturator hernia: the plug technique.

    The obturator hernia is an uncommon condition, with clinical manifestations of pain and intestinal obstruction. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult. The treatment is always surgical. There are several repair techniques that have been described: sac ligation alone, direct suture repair, use of autologous tissue or prosthetic repair. We report a case of an obturator hernia that was treated by the use of a plug of Mersilene. ( info)

4/43. Obturator hernia repair--a new technique.

    Obturator hernia is a rare condition with few reports in the world literature. There appears to be no consensus on the ideal approach and repair for such a condition. We report a simple, quick technique via a lower midline incision using an autogenous peritoneal fold. It is ideal for the contaminated case and in settings where mesh is not readily available. ( info)

5/43. Obturator hernia: report of a case and brief review of its status.

    The only case of obturator hernia in over 230,000 admissions is discussed. In the review of the recent English literature, a total of 30 cases, including our own, was collected. Characteristics of the condition were analyzed. The median age of the patients was 67 years; the majority were females in a ratio of 9:1 and both sides were equally affected. This entity occurs with the signs and symptoms of small bowel obstruction and, in almost one half of the patients, the pathognomonic Howship-Romberg sign. ( info)

6/43. A case of bilateral obturator hernias; feasibility of combination study of computed tomography and ultrasonography to make diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

    Bilateral obturator hernias were diagnosed by computed tomography in a 77-year-old female. ultrasonography was also performed and ultrasonographical difference was observed between right and left. This contributed the preoperative diagnosis of unilateral incarceration. Combination study with computed tomography and ultrasonography is thought to be feasible to make diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of obturator hernia. ( info)

7/43. Obturator hernia of urinary bladder.

    A case demonstrating an obscure cause of backache is presented in which an obturator bladder hernia was diagnosed preoperatively and corrected surgically. ( info)

8/43. Gangrenous appendicitis in a strangulated obturator hernia.

    Only two cases of appendicitis in strangulated obturator hernia have been previously reported. In the present case, an 83-year-old woman had fatal anaerobic myonecrosis of the thigh that resulted from gangrenous appendicitis in the right obturator foramen. early diagnosis, prompt surgical intervention, and perioperative resuscitation are critical for survival in a case of appendicitis in a strangulated obturator hernia with thigh sepsis, especially when it occurs in an elderly, emaciated female patient. ( info)

9/43. The obturator hernia: difficult to diagnose, easy to repair.

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to present a simple method for obturator hernia repair in two cases with strangulated obturator hernia. methods: The authors report on two cases of mechanical bowel obstruction due to incarcerated obturator hernia in elderly, thin women. Both patients presented with clinical and radiological signs of small bowel obstruction. Neither of them had the Howship-Romberg or Hannington-Kiff sign. RESULTS: At laparotomy, incarcerated small bowel in a right-sided obturator hernia was observed in both patients. The small bowel was not necrotic, and no bowel resection was performed. The hernial defect was closed in two layers with interrupted and purse-string nonabsorbable sutures. CONCLUSIONS: Obturator hernia is rare and difficult to diagnose. Often the diagnosis is reached only at laparotomy for small bowel obstruction. The double-layer repair with interrupted and purse-string nonabsorbable sutures could be useful, especially in emergency laparotomies for incarcerated obturator hernia. ( info)

10/43. Endoscopic totally extraperitoneal repair for occult bilateral obturator hernias and multiple groin hernias.

    INTRODUCTION: An obturator hernia is a rare hernia that is bilateral in about 6% of patients. Most patients present with chronic pelvic pain although a few patients may present with features of intestinal obstruction. Only about 10% of obturator hernias are diagnosed preoperatively. methods: A 65-year-old female patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with bilateral groin swellings associated with local pain and heaviness. She also suffered from recurrent episodes of abdominal distension. She was diagnosed to have bilateral direct inguinal hernias and a left femoral hernia. At endoscopy under epidural anesthesia she was found to have a direct inguinal, an indirect inguinal, and a femoral hernia on the left side and an indirect inguinal hernia on the right side. Additionally, the endoscopic totally extraperitoneal approach to inguinal hernias identified hitherto undiagnosed bilateral obturator hernias. The hernias were reduced and polypropylene mesh was placed bilaterally covering the myopectineal orifice and pelvic floor bilaterally. RESULTS: The patient was discharged the next day and is symptom-free on followup at eight months. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic repair of groin hernias allows the surgeon not only to diagnose and treat unsuspected groin hernias but also allows identification, dissection, and repair of coincidental occult pelvic hernias like obturator hernias at the same time. ( info)
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