Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/8. Congenital transverse deficiency of the tibia and fibula: a report of two cases.

    We report two similar, but unrelated, patients with congenital bilateral partial deficiencies of the tibia and fibula associated with intact feet. In both patients, the tibia and fibula were absent on initial radiographs, while the femur and the tarsal bones were well developed and there was bilateral teratologic dislocation of the hips. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies suggested the presence of cartilaginous remnants of the tibia and fibula. There were multidirectional instabilities in the knees and ankles. The clinical and radiological features of these cases are distinct from those of congenital longitudinal deficiency of the tibia, in which the fibula is always preserved, and from longitudinal deficiency of the fibula, in which the tibia is present and the foot is usually involved. We suggest that the bilateral partial deficiencies of the tibia and fibula associated with the intact foot and teratologic dislocation of the hips is a single-entity disorder, possibly categorized as an intercalary transverse deficiency of the lower limb.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/8. Orthopaedic manifestations of campomelic dysplasia.

    campomelic dysplasia is a rare form of congenital dwarfism associated with potentially fatal respiratory insufficiency. There are several types of campomelic dysplasia; however, it is characterized by the presence of anteriorly bowed tibias with cutaneous dimpling, anterolaterally bowed femurs, thoracic kyphoscoliosis, hypoplastic scapulas, and absence or delayed ossification of thoracic pedicles. With improving treatment of respiratory insufficiency, the survival rate of affected infants has increased, thereby necessitating treatment of the musculoskeletal malformations to prevent additional morbidity. In an attempt to increase awareness of the presentation of infants with campomelic dysplasia and to emphasize the difficulties of treating associated developmental dislocation of the hip early, the current authors report the case of a 2-year-old girl with campomelic dysplasia who was treated for dislocation of the right hip. The postoperative course of this child was complicated seriously by several apneic episodes secondary to tracheobronchial malacia for which she required admission to the pediatric intensive care unit.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/8. Tibial/femoral hypoplasia with "hook" pelvis: a potentially unique dysostosis.

    We report a 2-year-5-month-old girl with malformed lower limbs. The radiographic skeletal survey revealed agenesis of the ilio-pubic rami with pubic dehiscence, right hip dislocation, bilateral coxa vara, short femurs, femoro-tibial synchondrosis, bilateral hypoplastic tibiae more severe on the left side, and hypoplastic left calcaneus and talus. To the best of our knowledge, this combination of multiple congenital skeletal abnormalities has not been reported before.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/8. A case with Pyle type metaphyseal dysplasia: clinical, radiological and histological evaluation.

    Pyle type metaphyseal dysplasia is a rare autosomal recessive disease that is primarily affect metaphyses. Here we present a case with Pyle type metaphyseal dysplasia. The characteristic features of the case were metapyhseal broadening with undertubulation and Erlenmeyer flask sign at distal femoral and proximal tibial metaphyses. There were also platyspondyly with biconcave lens appearance of the vertebral bodies, congenital hip dislocation and normal cranium. Bone histopathology showed decreased number of osteoclasts. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Pyle type metaphyseal dysplasia from turkey.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/8. Complications of splintage in congenital dislocation of the hip.

    The use of abduction splintage in the treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip has an important morbidity. Six children who developed complications are presented in this paper. Sustained splintage of an unreduced hip, overcorrection of the femoral head displacement, avascular necrosis of the femoral head, full thickness pressure sores, and excessive tibial torsion may occur as a consequence of treatment. Expert supervision of abduction splintage, correct case selection, and regular review are necessary to reduce the incidence of such complications.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/8. Juxta-acetabular mucoid cyst in a patient with osteoarthritis of the hip secondary to dysplasia.

    A marginal acetabular notch associated with a soft tissue mucoid cyst was observed in a 54 year old woman suffering from osteo-arthritis of the left hip with bilateral hip dysplasia. This condition is compared with observations made in patients suffering from osteo-arthritis of the knee with similar findings on the medial tibial condyle. The role of enthesopathic factors in the pathogenesis of such changes is postulated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/8. Premature physeal arrest of the distal tibia associated with temporary arterial insufficiency.

    Premature physeal arrest may occur after various insults to the physis. Its association with diaphyseal fracture without obvious physeal damage is well known, but the cause is obscure. The case reported documents premature closure of the distal tibial physis of an infant after a temporary but significant episode of vascular insufficiency. Direct arterial occlusion or arterial spasm may account for some cases of physeal arrest associated with nonphyseal-related trauma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/8. Clinical features and treatment of joint dislocations in Larsen's syndrome. Report of three cases in one family.

    Of 3 cases of Larsen's syndrome in one family, one had bilateral dislocation of the hip and the knee joints. The knee joint was not reduced by manipulation and corrective cast, while both hip and knee joints were simultaneously reduced by skeletal traction of the tibia at the age of 4 months, and the course was satisfactory. Reduction of joint dislocations should be attempted by a conservative method such as skeletal traction as early as possible. Various radiographic skeletal abnormalities occurred in all 3 cases. Larsen's syndrome very likely has a genetic origin.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1
keywords = tibia
(Clic here for more details about this article)


Leave a message about 'Hip Dislocation, Congenital'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.