Cases reported "Hodgkin Disease"

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21/271. Comparative risk assessment of secondary cancer incidence after treatment of Hodgkin's disease with photon and proton radiation.

    Probabilities for secondary cancer incidence have been estimated for a patient with Hodgkin's disease for whom treatment has been planned with different radiation modalities using photons and protons. The ICRP calculation scheme has been used to calculate cancer incidence from dose distributions. For this purpose, target volumes as well as critical structures have been outlined in the CT set of a patient with Hodgkin's disease. Dose distributions have been calculated using conventional as well as intensity-modulated treatment techniques using photon and proton radiation. The cancer incidence has been derived from the mean doses for each organ. The results of this work are: (a) Intensity-modulated treatment of Hodgkin's disease using nine photon fields (15 MV) results in nearly the same cancer incidence as treating with two opposed photon fields (6 MV). (b) Intensity-modulated treatment using nine proton fields (maximum energy 177.25 MeV) results in nearly the same cancer incidence as treating with one proton field (160 MeV). (c) Irradiation with protons using the spot scanning technique decreases the avoidable cancer incidence compared to photon treatment by a factor of about two. This result is independent of the number of beams used. Our work suggests that there are radiotherapy indications in which intensity-modulated treatments will result in little or no reduction of cancer incidence compared to conventional treatments. However, proton treatment can result in a lower cancer incidence than photon treatment.
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keywords = cancer
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22/271. Conservative surgery and radiation therapy for early stage breast cancer after previous mantle radiation for Hodgkin's disease.

    There is an increased incidence of breast cancer in female patients who have previously undergone mantle radiation for Hodgkin's disease. Lumpectomy followed by breast irradiation is generally considered to be contraindicated in such patients owing to the high cumulative radiation dose to the breast. mastectomy is therefore recommended as the preferred treatment option in these women. We report two cases of breast cancer occurring in women previously treated with mantle radiation for Hodgkin's disease. Both women declined mastectomy and requested breast-conserving treatment.
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keywords = cancer
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23/271. Primary localized extranodal hodgkin disease of the transverse colon.

    Extranodal hodgkin disease presenting as a primary localized neoplasm is uncommon, with rare case reports describing primary sites other than lymph nodes. The gastrointestinal tract is the most frequent site of involvement by extranodal hodgkin disease, typically involving the stomach or small bowel. To date, we have been able to find only one fully documented case of hodgkin disease of the sigmoid colon confirmed by immunohistochemical studies. We report a case of extranodal hodgkin disease involving the transverse colon, presenting as inflammatory bowel disease and documented by light microscopic, immunohistochemical, cytogenetic, and molecular studies.
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ranking = 0.094231087409027
keywords = neoplasm
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24/271. CD20-Positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma: report of a case after nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's disease and review of the literature.

    We present a case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma co-expressing CD3 and CD20, as well as demonstrating T-cell receptor gene rearrangement, in a patient who had been diagnosed with nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's disease 5 years previously. Although 15 cases of CD20-positive T-cell neoplasms have been previously reported in the literature, this is the first report of CD20-positive T-cell lymphoma occurring subsequent to treatment of Hodgkin's disease. The current case affords an opportunity to review the rarely reported expression of CD20 in T-cell neoplasms as well as the relationship between Hodgkin's disease and subsequently occurring non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. In addition, the identification of this case supports the suggestion that the use of CD20 antibodies alone in paraffin sections may lead to an incorrect determination of cell lineage in some cases.
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ranking = 0.18846217481805
keywords = neoplasm
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25/271. Epstein-Barr virus-negative Hodgkin's lymphoma after mycosis fungoides: molecular evidence for distinct clonal origin.

    The association of mycosis fungoides (MF) and Hodgkin's lymphoma is a relatively frequent occurrence, but the potential clonal relationship of the two neoplasms is still controversial. We report a case of a patient with a history of MF in Clinical Stage 1A who developed retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy 9 years after the initial diagnosis of MF. A bone marrow biopsy obtained at this time showed nodular involvement by a mixed cellular infiltrate with large, atypical cells consistent with Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells. These atypical cells were positive for CD30 and CD15 and did not express B- or T-cell markers. In addition, they lacked evidence of infection by Epstein-Barr virus, both by immunohistochemical staining for latent membrane protein 1 and by in situ hybridization for EBER1/2. The background population consisted mainly of small T cells without morphological or phenotypical signs of malignancy. review of the skin biopsy obtained 9 years before showed the typical features of MF. polymerase chain reaction analysis of the T-cell receptor T-gene confirmed the presence of a clonal T-cell rearrangement in the skin specimen. The bone marrow biopsy, however, showed a polyclonal pattern both for the T-cell receptor gamma-gene, as well as for immunoglobulin heavy chain genes. Isolation of RS cells stained for CD30 was performed by laser capture microdissection. polymerase chain reaction analysis of several groups of RS cells showed a reproducible biallelic rearrangement of IgH genes, which was confirmed by cloning and sequencing of polymerase chain reaction products. To our knowledge, this is the first case in which a distinct clonal origin of MF and Hodgkin's lymphoma arising in the same patient is clearly demonstrated, based on molecular analysis of microdissected RS cells.
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ranking = 0.094231087409027
keywords = neoplasm
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26/271. High frequency of incidental diagnosis of extrathyroidal neoplastic diseases at the fine-needle aspiration biopsy of laterocervical lymph nodes in patients with thyroid nodules.

    This study was undertaken to evaluate the frequency of the incidental diagnosis of extrathyroidal lymph node diseases at ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy/cytology (FNAB/C) being done to check the presence of metastatic thyroid cancer in 30 subjects with thyroid nodule (TN) and enlarged cervical lymph nodes (CLN). The patients in whom cytology suggested the presence of malignancy in the TN or in the CLN underwent surgical removal for histologic diagnosis. The spectrum of diseases revealed by this survey included: (1) 10 benign diseases including 1 case of Piringer-Kuchinka lymphadenitis with benign TN; (2) 10 metastatic thyroid cancers (2 anaplastic and 8 papillary cancers); (3) 3 benign TN associated with metastatic invasion of cervical lymph nodes from lung (2 cases) and breast (1 case) cancer; (4) 1 Hodgkin's lymphoma of the cervical lymph nodes with hyperplastic TN; (5) 3 nodal lymphomas with benign thyroid nodule and 2 cases of thyroid lymphoma with nodal invasion; and (6) 1 nodal sarcoidosis with benign TN. The results of this study demonstrate that important neoplastic and hematologic diseases affecting the cervical lymph nodes may frequently be incidentally detected using ultrasonography (US) and FNAB/C in the diagnostic procedure for thyroid nodule.
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keywords = cancer
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27/271. Orthotopic reimplantation of cryopreserved ovarian cortical strips after high-dose chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    BACKGROUND: infertility is a common late effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and has a substantial effect on the quality of life for young survivors of cancer. For men, semen cryopreservation is a simple way of preserving reproductive potential but for women, storage of mature eggs rarely proves successful, and the alternative-immediate in vitro fertilisation with cryopreservation of embryos-is not always appropriate. Reimplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue has been shown to restore natural fertility in animals. We applied this technique in a woman who had received sterilising chemotherapy for lymphoma. methods: A 36-year-old woman underwent a right oophorectomy with cryopreservation of ovarian cortical strips before receiving high-dose CBV chemotherapy for a third recurrence of Hodgkin's lymphoma. 19 months later, when serum sex steroid analysis confimed a postmenopausal state, two ovarian cortical strips were thawed and reimplanted-one onto the left ovary and another at the site of the right ovary. FINDINGS: 7 months after reimplantation of ovarian cortical strips, the patient reported resolution of hot flashes and, for the first time, oestradiol was detected in the serum. This finding was associated with a decrease in the concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinising hormone, and ultrasonography revealed a 10 mm thick endometrium, a poorly visualised left ovary, and a 2 cm diameter follicular structure to the right of the midline. The patient had one menstrual period, but by 9 months after the implantation, her sex steroid concentrations had returned to those seen with ovarian failure. INTERPRETATION: Orthotopic reimplantation of frozen/thawed ovarian cortical strips is a well tolerated technique for restoring ovarian function in women treated with sterilising chemotherapy for cancer.
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keywords = cancer
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28/271. Similar pelvic abnormalities on FDG positron emission tomography of different origins.

    Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) has been used extensively to detect and stage various cancers. However, normal variation and inflammatory lesions may lead to false-positive interpretations of PET findings. The authors report three cases of increased pelvic FDG uptake with differing origins. Although the findings are similar, a postpartum uterus, lymphoma, and a bleeding uterus caused pelvic FDG uptake in these patients. Interestingly, of these three patients, the patient with lymphoma had the lowest level of FDG uptake. Clinical correlation is needed for the accurate interpretation of FDG-PET findings.
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ranking = 0.083333333333333
keywords = cancer
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29/271. paraneoplastic polyneuropathy preceding the diagnosis of Hodgkin's disease and non-small cell lung cancer in a patient with concomitant borrelia burgdorferi infection.

    A patient with painful peripheral neuropathy is presented, whose symptoms were thought to result from an infection with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. Investigations of the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of inflammation and borrelial antibodies were negative, and the patient did not benefit from repeated antibiotic treatment. Electrophysiologic studies and sural nerve biopsy showed axonal neuropathy consistent with a paraneoplastic syndrome. Further workup revealed mediastinal Hodgkin's disease (HD; nodular sclerosing subtype) Ann Arbor stage II and non-small cell cancer of the lung (stage T1N0M0). Surgical resection of the lung cancer and combined chemo- and radiotherapy for HD resulted in complete remission of both malignancies. While the preexisting neurologic symptoms persisted during treatment, neurography showed some improvement of the distal nerves. During radiation therapy the patient developed transient left-sided brachial plexopathy. This case illustrates that the diagnosis of borreliosis in patients with isolated painful peripheral neuritis cannot be based solely upon positive IgG titers and supports the requirement for a thorough workup for an underlying--potentially curable--disease. In addition, singular pulmonary lesions in the setting of HD should be suspected to have a separate cause.
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keywords = cancer
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30/271. Peroneal mononeuropathy in pediatric Hodgkin's disease.

    A 12-year-old boy with Hodgkin's disease developed left peroneal nerve palsy during combination therapy with chemotherapy and low-dose irradiation. The palsy occurred twice; around 1-2 weeks after the second administration of vincristine in the second and third COPP (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisolone, and procarbazine) regimens. Without any treatment, the peroneal neuropathy completely resolved clinically three months and electromyographically six months after the onset. He used to play television games for more than 6 hours a day with the legs crossed while sitting on the bedside. Compared to adult patients, little is known about the relationship between peroneal neuropathy and systemic malignant diseases in pediatric patients. This case shows for the first time that habitual leg crossing during potentially neurotoxic chemotherapy could induce peroneal mononeuropathy in a pediatric cancer patient.
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keywords = cancer
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