Cases reported "Horner Syndrome"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/7. Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection with lower cranial nerve palsy.

    BACKGROUND: Typical presentation of spontaneous internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection is an ipsilateral pain in neck and face with Horner's syndrome and contralateral deficits. Although rare, lower cranial nerve palsy have been reported in association with an ipsilateral spontaneous ICA dissection. CASE STUDIES: We report three new cases of ICA dissection with lower cranial nerve palsies. RESULTS: The first symtom to appear was headache in all three patients. Examination disclosed a Horner's syndrome in two cases (1 and 2), an isolated XIIth nerve palsy in two patients (case 1 and 3) and IX, X, and XIIth nerve palsies (case 2) revealing an ipsilateral carotid dissection, confirmed by MRI and angiography. In all cases, prognosis was good after a few weeks. CONCLUSIONS: These cases, analysed with those in the literature, led us to discuss two possible mechanisms: direct compression of cranial nerves by a subadventitial haematoma in the parapharyngeal space or ischemic palsy by compression of the ascending pharyngeal artery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/7. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of hemangiopericytoma.

    PURPOSE: To describe the neuro-ophthalmic presentations of a rare intracranial tumor, hemangiopericytoma. methods: Retrospective multicenter case series. RESULTS: The neuro-ophthalmic and radiographic features of hemangiopericytoma are reviewed. The clinical presentation may mimic meningioma and the pre-operative distinction between meningioma and hemangiopericytoma is important because the evaluation, management, treatment, and prognosis differ significantly for the two lesions. CONCLUSION: We report five cases of intracranial hemangiopericytoma and review the neuro-ophthalmic findings of this uncommon entity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/7. Cranial artery dissection.

    stroke is a very common cause for mortality and morbidity, especially in the elderly where the cause is usually generalized arteriosclerosis. In persons less than 45 years of age with stroke, there is a group of uncommon illnesses that are often identified. This includes cranial artery dissection, accounting for approximately 20% of these acute neurological events. Cranial artery dissection can involve the carotids or vertebral system, and symptoms can be quite diverse depending on the area of brain ischemia. Anticoagulation is the usual treatment, and overall there is a good long-term prognosis from this entity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/7. Horner's syndrome with ipsilateral vocal cord and phrenic nerve palsies.

    Two further cases of a recently described syndrome (Rowland Payne, 1981) constituting a triad of sympathetic ophthalmoplegia, phrenic nerve palsy and ipsilateral vagus or recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis are described. This is a syndrome of signs, but hoarseness, dysphagia, dysaesthesia and pain in the ipsilateral shoulder may be associated symptoms. Development of this syndrome in patients with malignant disease does not necessarily signify a very grave prognosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/7. Thyroid lymphoma with adjacent nerve paralysis.

    Although local nerve invasion in thyroid lesions is most commonly found with anaplastic carcinoma, it does not rule out lymphoma. Open biopsy is most helpful in the diagnosis of lymphomas. Ultrastructural studies are often necessary for confirmation of the diagnosis. Differentiation between lymphoma and anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid is very important since the treatment is substantially different and the prognosis is much better with lymphoma. To our knowledge, the case presented represents the first case of Horner's syndrome secondary to lymphoma that has been documented in the literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/7. Newly recognized syndrome in the neck: Horner's syndrome with ipsilateral vocal cord and phrenic nerve palsies.

    Three patients are reported who exhibited a previously undescribed syndrome resulting from disruption of the sympathetic chain, the phrenic nerve and the innervation of the ipsilateral vocal cord. Each patient had pain in the ipsilateral shoulder and metastatic carcinoma of the breast. It is likely that this syndrome exists in association with other diseases such as carcinoma of the lung. The presence of this syndrome in patients with malignant disease has sinister significance and appears to carry a very grave prognosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/7. Horner's syndrome: a rare presentation of cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma.

    We describe a cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma in a 77-year-old woman who presented with a neck mass and Horner's syndrome. Such schwannomas are rare and this is the first documented case of a Horner's syndrome at presentation. The mass was excised via a cervical approach and her post-operative course was uneventful. The prognosis is excellent, with recurrence being rare. A brief discussion of the pathology, presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition is made in this paper. The relevance of the uncertainty in diagnosis is discussed with the message that a pre-operative Horner's syndrome may guide the surgeon in the care of the patient but we suggest that in all cases proper counselling of the possible neurological consequences of this surgery be conducted.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = prognosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)


Leave a message about 'Horner Syndrome'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.