Cases reported "Hydronephrosis"

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1/5. Isolation of salmonella paratyphi a from a patient with nephrolithiases.

    We describe a case of salmonella paratyphi a isolated from urine of a 37-year-old Saudi patient who is a known case of nephrolithiasis and hydronephrosis with frequent admission for management of renal stones. history of enteric fever was not documented and urinary schistosomiasis in such a patient from endemic area is a strong possibility. Relevant literature was discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nephrolithiasis
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2/5. nephrolithiasis and hydronephrosis in an hiv-infected man receiving tenofovir.

    The use of tenofovir as part of a HAART regimen has been widely used in hiv-multi-experienced-patients because of its favourable resistance profile. Tenofovir is mainly eliminated by the kidneys and renal toxicity should be carefully monitored. We describe here the case of an hiv-infected patient, without a prior history of renal failure who developed nephrolithiasis and hydronephrosis after starting a tenofovir-containing HAART regimen.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nephrolithiasis
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3/5. Management of gestational nephrolithiasis in the presence of a bicornuate uterus and pelvic kidney.

    A 39-year-old para 0( 1) woman with known nephrolithiasis within a left-sided pelvic kidney presented with left-sided renal colic at 7 weeks gestation. She had a previous miscarriage due to a bicornuate uterus. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance urography confirmed an incomplete obstruction of the left upper renal tract which was relieved by percutaneous nephrostomy. She presented again at 14 weeks with renal colic and minimal output. An ultrasound confirmed recurrent hydronephrosis and a nephrostogram showed that the catheter had retracted almost completely from the collecting system. This was considered to be due to the upward pressure of the enlarging uterus on the catheter, which had been fixed externally to the skin. This problem was obviated by not securing the replacement nephrostomy tube to the skin. She developed pre-eclamptic toxaemia and gave birth at 35 weeks gestation by caesarean section. The calculus was later dissolved using extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy.
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ranking = 5
keywords = nephrolithiasis
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4/5. Nephrobronchial fistula. Complication of perinephric abscess secondary to ureteral obstruction and pyonephrosis.

    A case of nephrolithiasis complicated by obstruction leading to pyonephrosis, perinephric abscess, and nephrobronchial fistula is presented. The patient was treated successfully by nephrectomy and drainage of the subphrenic space and the pleural cavity. Nephrobronchial fistula, while a rare complication of perinephric abscess, should be considered when a patient presents with perirenal suppurative process and chest x-ray findings consistent with pleural effusion or pulmonary infiltrates.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nephrolithiasis
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5/5. Massive haematuria from a renal haemangioma with concomitant ureteropelvic junction obstruction.

    A two centimeter left capillary renal haemangioma caused massive haematuria in a 27-year-old male with left hydronephrosis and nephrolithiasis. nephrectomy for life threatening haemorrhage was performed. Diagnostic algorithms for the evaluation of adult onset gross haematuria and "essential" haematuria with a review of the current literature are presented.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nephrolithiasis
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