Cases reported "Hydrothorax"

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1/68. Refractory hepatic hydrothorax treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

    A 66-year-old cirrhotic woman was referred to our hospital for evaluation of refractory pleural effusion and dyspnea. Massive right sided-pleural effusion but no ascites was detected. She had been treated with diuretics and albumin, repeated thoracenteses, and pleural drainage with an intercostal catheter, all of which had failed to relieve her symptoms. The diagnosis of hepatic hydrothorax without ascites was made by injection of technetium-99m-sulfur colloid into the peritoneal cavity. A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was placed and successfully reduced the pleural effusion, resulting in complete relief of her symptoms. The patient has been free of symptoms for 18 months after the procedure.
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2/68. Isolated pleural effusion in severe ovarian hyperstimulation: A case report.

    Assisted reproductive technology programs use controlled ovarian hyperstimulation to maximize pregnancy rates. Severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a well-known risk. pleural effusion often accompanies severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. We describe 2 cases of isolated hydrothorax without concomitant ascites and review the literature of this rare finding.
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3/68. A successful surgical repair of the hepatic hydrothorax using pneumoperitoneum: report of a case.

    A successful surgical repair of a right hepatic hydrothorax in the absence of ascites is reported. A technetium-99m scintigram that was injected intraperitoneally provided evidence of a one-way flow of fluid from the peritoneal to pleural cavity. To identify any possible minute defects in the diaphragm, carbon dioxide was insufflated into the peritoneal cavity during the operation. We performed a direct suture of the defect observed on the diaphragm. The pleural effusion subsequently vanished after the operation.
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4/68. Hepatic hydrothorax: diagnosis and management. Case report and review of the literature.

    Current practice standards indicate the need for tube thoracostomy in the management of clinically significant recurrent pleural effusions. The following case presentation and review of the literature illustrate a contraindication to chest tube insertion with pleural effusions associated with portal hypertension (hepatic hydrothorax) and suggest alternative therapies.
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5/68. Severe unilateral hydrothorax as the only manifestation of the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Unilateral hydrothorax is rarely the sole manifestation of the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and is suggestive of the severity of the disease. CASE: A 35-year-old woman presented with mild dyspnea 2 weeks after ovarian stimulation with hMG and hCG and IVF-ET. Chest X-ray revealed a large pleural effusion on the right side. Three consecutive thoracocenteses were needed to drain a total of 6,800 cm(3) of fluid. Following drainage, the respiratory symptoms disappeared. An uneventful pregnancy is in progress. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracocentesis is safe and efficient for the treatment of hydrothorax and may be repeated as often as necessary. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of unilateral hydrothorax as the sole symptom of OHSS.
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6/68. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for recurrent hepatic hydrothorax.

    For many years, pleural effusions have been recognized as a complication of cirrhosis, occurring in approximately 5.5% of patients. Recent studies have confirmed that small defects in the diaphragm allow for passage of ascitic fluid into the pleural space. Successful management of these patients is challenging, as many of the treatment options can be associated with increased morbidity. The initial treatment should focus on eliminating and preventing the recurrence of ascites with diuretics and water and salt restriction. For those patients who do not respond medically, more invasive techniques have been used including serial thoracentesis, chest tube placement, chemical pleurodesis, and peritoneovenous shunts. We present a patient with recurrent pleural effusions secondary to hepatic cirrhosis who was unsuccessfully treated medically, and subsequently treated with thoracentesis, chest tube drainage and pleurodesis, with ultimate resolution after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement.
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7/68. Spontaneous bacterial empyema caused by aeromonas veronii biotype sobria.

    Spontaneous bacterial empyema is a complication of hepatic hydrothorax in cirrhotic patients. The pathogen, clinical course and treatment strategy are different to the empyema secondary to pneumonia. A 54-year-old man, who was a cirrhotic patient with hepatic hydrothorax, was admitted to National taiwan University Hospital for fever, dyspnea and right side pleuritic pain. The image study revealed massive right pleural effusion and no evidence of pneumonia. The culture of pleural effusion yielded aeromonas veronii biotype sobria. The diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial empyema caused by aeromonas veronii biotype sobria was established. To our best knowledge, aeromonas veronii biotype sobria had never been reported in English literature as the causative pathogen of spontaneous bacterial empyema.
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8/68. Resolution of refractory hepatic hydrothorax after chemical pleurodesis with minocycline.

    Management of refractory hepatic hydrothorax is a challenge to physicians in clinical practice. We reported two patients with hepatic hydrothorax, non-alcoholic cirrhosis and rapidly recurring pleural effusion. They failed to improve with diuretics and repeated thoracentesis. Refractory hepatic hydrothorax was successfully treated by minocycline-induced pleural symphysis. After pleurodesis, ventilatory function returned to normal in both patients. No recurrence of pleural effusion was noted. We suggest that minocycline pleurodesis is an alternative treatment for refractory hepatic hydrothorax because it is simple, safe and effective.
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9/68. Successful treatment of primary fetal hydrothorax with hydrops by pleuroamniotic shunt placement.

    We treated a case of primary fetal hydrothorax with hydrops. A pleuroamniotic shunt catheter inserted at 30 weeks accomplished resolution of hydrops and was maintained until cesarean delivery at 34 weeks with no need for further prenatal intervention. At age 9 months, the infant showed no effusion or pulmonary compromise.
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10/68. Meigs' syndrome with an elevated CA 125 from benign Brenner tumors.

    BACKGROUND: Meigs' syndrome refers to solid, benign ovarian tumors, ascites, hydrothorax, and resolution of these signs after surgery. Meigs' syndrome with an elevated CA 125 secondary to benign Brenner tumors is exceedingly rare. CASE: A postmenopausal woman presented with a large pelvic mass, ascites, and a right pleural effusion. serum CA 125 was 759 IU/mL. ascitic fluid, pleural fluid, and fine needle aspiration of the mass were without evidence of malignancy. Exploratory laparotomy with total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy revealed benign Brenner tumors. Immunohistochemical staining for CA 125 showed immunoreactivity in the omentum only. Postoperatively, her signs and symptoms resolved completely and did not recur. CONCLUSION: Cytologic or histologic confirmation of malignancy is imperative in patients with a pelvic mass, ascites, hydrothorax, and elevated CA 125 before initiating chemotherapy.
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