Cases reported "Hyperemia"

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1/14. Permissible arterial occlusion time in aneurysm surgery: postoperative hyperperfusion caused by temporary clipping.

    The relationship between hyperperfusion and temporary clipping was evaluated to determine the safe limit for the duration of temporary clipping in aneurysm surgery. Twenty-one patients surgically treated for a ruptured aneurysm were examined using xenon-enhanced computed tomography on postoperative days 4 to 13. Eight of the 16 patients undergoing temporary clipping had focal hyperperfusion; whereas the five patients without temporary clipping had no hyperperfusion. Mean total temporary clipping time in patients with hyperperfusion was significantly longer than that in patients without (31.9 vs. 13.9 minutes, p = 0.0157) and mean maximum single temporary clipping time in patients with hyperperfusion was also significantly longer than in patients without (18.4 vs. 8.6 minutes, p = 0.0313). Moreover, cerebral infarction was related to hyperperfusion (p = 0.0027). These results support the hypothesis that temporary clipping during aneurysm surgery causes postoperative hyperperfusion and cerebral infarction. Temporary clipping may be harmful when performed for more than 20 minutes of total duration, since postoperative hyperperfusion was seen under this condition.
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2/14. Occlusive hyperemia: a radiosurgical phenomenon?

    OBJECTIVE: Causes of neurological deficits after arteriovenous malformation (AVM) radiosurgery, including hemorrhage, radiation injury, and delayed cyst formation, are described. CONCEPT: Occlusive hyperemia has been described as a reason for neurological deterioration after AVM resection. thrombosis of draining veins or dural sinuses is thought to cause postoperative bleeding or neurological deficits secondary to venous hypertension. In a similar manner, local hemodynamic changes can occur in the brain adjacent to an AVM after radiosurgery if venous outflow is obstructed. Two patients are presented whose cases demonstrate this phenomenon. CONCLUSION: patients can experience clinical worsening after AVM radiosurgery from premature thrombosis of draining veins. Local hemodynamic changes could explain why imaging changes thought to be radiation related occur more frequently after radiosurgery of AVMs than of tumors.
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keywords = operative
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3/14. Cerebral blood flow imaging in arteriovenous malformation complicated by normal perfusion pressure breakthrough.

    BACKGROUND: A patient with normal perfusion pressure breakthrough (NPPB) after surgical removal of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) was evaluated using single photon emission computed tomography cerebral blood flow (CBF) imaging. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 48-year-old man suffered consciousness disturbance because of an intraventricular hemorrhage and underwent ventricular drainage. cerebral angiography showed a medium-sized AVM in the left parietal lobe. Three months after the ictus, a left parietal craniotomy was performed and total removal of the AVM was achieved. A brain region adjacent to the AVM with preoperative decreased vasoreactivity to acetazolamide showed marked hyperperfusion after AVM excision. hemorrhage subsequently occurred in this area. CONCLUSION: CBF mapping seems to offer a noninvasive method for the preoperative identification of AVM patients at risk for NPPB, and to allow for early postoperative diagnosis of NPPB.
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keywords = operative
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4/14. Arterial embolization as a treatment of chronic edema following free cutaneous flap transfer to the lower limbs.

    Persisting chronic edema following postoperative free flap transfer is a common complication. We report 3 cases of successful treatment by selective arterial embolization of the feeding arterial branches without side effect. One session embolization is advocated as a first line treatment of this condition.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = operative
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5/14. Postoperative hyperemia of the glans penis with ulcers following revascularization surgery for vascular impotence.

    A case of postoperative hyperemia of the glans penis following revascularization surgery for erectile impotence is described. This new surgical concept (Hauri) combines arterial revascularization with an arteriovenous shunt. The so-called 'postoperative hyperemia of the glans penis' is observed in 10-20% of the cases after arterialization of the dorsal penile vein, i.e. a pure arteriovenous shunt, and in 2-3% of the cases in arterioarterial anastomoses. The ulcers of the glans penis, which occurred 1 year after the operation, healed under careful local anti-inflammatory and antibiotic therapy.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = operative
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6/14. Ethmoidal osteoma with intraorbital extension: excision through a transcutaneous paranasal incision.

    PURPOSE: To describe a case of conjunctival hyperaemia and proptosis of the right eye. methods: Three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) was performed to reveal the size and position of a lesion of osseous density extending into the right orbit. The lesion was then excised using a right paranasal transcutaneous approach. RESULTS: The pathology report suggested ethmoidal osteoma. The postoperative course was uncomplicated and the lesion did not recur during a 5-year follow-up period. Repeated postoperative ophthalmic examinations revealed preservation of visual acuity and visual fields postoperatively. DISCUSSION: diagnosis is based on imaging studies, especially CT and three-dimensional CT scans. A three-dimensional CT scan is critical in understanding the actual dimensions of the tumour and its relations with other structures. Surgical removal is indicated in cases with orbital matrix compression and displacement. A transcutaneous paranasal approach allows for increased exposure of affected structures.
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ranking = 0.42857142857143
keywords = operative
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7/14. Prolonged loss of leg myogenic motor evoked potentials during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair, without postoperative paraplegia.

    No postoperative paraplegia occurred in a patient whose leg myogenic motor evoked potentials (mMEPs) disappeared during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. A 69-year-old man underwent resection and repair of a type III (Crawford classification) thoracoabdominal aneurysm. An epidural catheter was placed into the epidural space for epidural cooling, and a Swan-Ganz catheter was placed into the subarachnoid space for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. Continuous CSF pressure and temperature measurement was carried out the day before surgery. The mMEPs gradually disappeared 10 min after proximal double aortic clamping and complete aortic transection. Selective perfusion of intercostal arteries was started about 20 min after the loss of the mMEPs, but the mMEPs were not restored. Possibly, spinal cord hyperemia, induced by selective perfusion of the intercostal vessels, narrowed the subarachnoid space so that CSF could not be satisfactorily drained during surgery. The spinal cord hyperemia may have decreased spinal function and suppressed the leg mMEPs. The persistence of the loss of mMEPs was undeniably due to the influence of the anesthetic agent or a perfusion disorder in the lower-extremity muscles. Of note, moderate spinal cord hypothermia and postoperative CSF drainage probably resulted in improved lower-limb motor function.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = operative
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8/14. The case against staged operative resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformations.

    Three cases of large cerebral arteriovenous fistulae are presented in which surgical ablation was complicated by brain swelling from hyperperfusion breakthrough believed to be caused by acute intraoperative hypoperfusion superimposed on chronic preoperative hypoperfusion. On the basis of these cases, experimental data, and theoretical considerations, we seriously question the wisdom of using staged surgical resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformation to prevent complications related to alterations in cerebral hemodynamics. The reasons for this concern are: the repeated occurrence of acute-on-chronic hypoperfusion during staged resection; a lack of understanding of the time course for the correction of a disordered autoregulation; risk of hemorrhage between the initial and final resection; difficulty in assessing and substantiating flow reduction after subtotal resection; the rapidity of collateralization; the divergence of flow from large, readily accessible feeding arteries to deep penetrating vessels; and attenuation of the wall thickness in collateral vessels as a consequence of increased flow.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = operative
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9/14. Hyperemic and ischemic problems of surgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations.

    Three patients with arteriovenous malformations are described who showed signs of massive hyperemia in the vascular territory of the normal brain proximal to arterial ligation. One additional patient had evidence of ischemia of the brain in the territory distal to ligation (steal), and in another both mechanisms were considered as operative hazards.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = operative
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10/14. A new syndrome of symptomatic cutaneous mastocytoma producing vasoactive intestinal polypeptide.

    An 8-mo-old male child presented with generalized flushing and apnea which followed irritation of a 1.5 x 0.5 cm cutaneous mastocytoma on the left upper arm. Peripheral venous blood samples were drawn before and after manipulation of the tumor, immediately after excision, and again 30 days later. The plasma vasoactive intestinal polypeptide level before excision was high (345 pg/ml) and was accompanied by low acid secretion (15.4 mEq/L) and hypergastrinemia (209 pg/ml), all of which returned to normal after excision of the tumor (50 pg/ml, 35.7 mEq/L, and 131 pg/ml, respectively). serum histamine levels were undetectable. histology of the tumor showed only mast cells and no enterochromaffin tissue. The immunoreactive vasoactive intestinal polypeptide content of the tumor was 28 ng/g wet wt and the extracted vasoactive intestinal polypeptide was immunologically indistinguishable from natural porcine vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. The child has remained asymptomatic postoperatively. We conclude that the symptoms associated with this mastocytoma may have been produced by oversecretion of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and not histamine.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = operative
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