Cases reported "Hyperhidrosis"

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1/2. A family with a variant form of primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy restricted to the lower extremities.

    We report a case of a family with a variant form of primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) restricted to the lower extremities without digital clubbing or cutaneous changes. Three family members suffered from pain, swelling and hyperhidrosis of both feet. x-rays showed destruction and osteoproliferative changes of the metatarsal bones with periostal hyperostosis close to the talus. There was an increased 99m-Tc-MDP uptake in the early phase of bone scintigraphy. fibrosis of the marrow with stimulated osteoclastic resorption and the presence of detritus synovialitis were visible in a bone and joint biopsy. All known infectious, neurologic, metabolic and malignant diseases, which affect the bone and joints, were excluded.
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ranking = 1
keywords = osteoarthropathy
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2/2. A case report of EMO syndrome showing localized hyperhidrosis in pretibial myxedema.

    We describe here a case of EMO syndrome, which is defined as a combination of exophthalmos, pretibial or localized myxedema, and hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. A 34-year-old Japanese man with Graves' disease developed the characteristic eye changes. He showed 22 mm protrusion of both eyes and hypertrophy of the right lateral rectus muscle as well as both superior rectus muscles by computerized tomography. He subsequently developed lightly erythematous, indurated, nonpitting, peau d'orange plaques and nodules on his lower legs. Finally, he developed Graves' acropathy with hypertrophic osteoarthropathy in the metacarpal bones. Histological examination of myxedematous skin showed typical deposition of mucin accompanied by changes in the amount and distribution of elastic fibers. In addition, the lesional skin showed localized hyperhidrosis, a rarely reported complication of pretibial myxedema. We speculate that this hyperhidrosis of the lesional skin was brought about by stimulation of peripheral sympathetic nerves by surrounding mucin deposition, in the setting of poorly controlled hyperthyroidism.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = osteoarthropathy
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