Cases reported "Hyperkinesis"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/9. Successful use of ECT as the sole modality of treatment in a case of motility psychosis.

    Episodic psychoses characterized by predominant abnormalities of movement are called motility psychoses in Leonhard's classification of endogenous psychoses. They have been treated with a variety of methods, including ECT and lithium. Here we describe a case of motility psychosis that was successfully managed with ECT as the only modality of treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = psychosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/9. Embryonic mania.

    It has been previously hypothesized that hyperactivity may be one childhood form of manic-depressive disorder. The authors contend that it is unlikely that hyperactivity in general is a childhood form of manic-depressive disorder. However, included in those considered to be hyperactive may be youngsters exhibiting an embryonic form of mania. A case of a 5-year-old boy, originally thought to be hyperactive, is presented as evidence for the existence of an embryonic stage of mania. The clinical and research necessity for differentiating between hyperactivity and embryonic mania is stressed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 79.740685081025
keywords = manic-depressive
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/9. Hyperactivity in anorexia nervosa: a case study using experience sampling methodology.

    Hyperactivity is frequently observed in eating disorders, and several biopsychological mechanisms have been proposed to explain its pathogenetic role. In view of the lack of a reliable method to study hyperactive behavior, we did an experiment with experience sampling methodology (ESM). During 1 week, an anorexia nervosa (AN) patient was asked at nine random times a day to report her momentary tendency to be physically active, her emotions and several other variables including calorie expenditure, drive for thinness, attractiveness, obsessions, compulsions, and attitudes towards hyperactivity. Results indicate that the patient's tendency to be hyperactive was (a) positively related to her weight preoccupation and her negative emotions, and (b) negatively related to her positive emotions and the absence of depression. In this patient, obsessions and compulsions were not related to hyperactivity. The usefulness of ESM for studying the role of hyperactivity in AN is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.00099382929748235
keywords = depression
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/9. An association of ephedra use with psychosis and autonomic hyperactivity.

    ephedra extract is used in a number of dietary supplements taken for a variety of purposes including weight loss. Although recent events have led to calls for ephedra to be removed from the market and the FDA has had over 18,000 adverse event reports, newspaper reports cite only a few instances of clearly associated adverse events associated with ephedra use. In this communication, we review the literature and present a case report of ephedra use associated with the onset of psychosis and autonomic hyperactivity after administration of risperidone. We conclude that the behavioral effects of ephedra are a public health concern.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = psychosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/9. Ongoing use of an affective rating scale in the treatment of a mentally retarded individual with a rapid-cycling bipolar affective disorder.

    Empirically tracking cyclic variations in the behavior of mentally retarded individuals with bipolar affective disorders is difficult because disturbances in mood are difficult to operationally define and quantify. The following report presents a case study in which a moderately retarded man's mood and energy were rated by direct care staff who completed a mood rating scale two times each day. The resulting weekly summaries of the data were plotted on a graph which indicated the cyclic fluctuations in symptom areas related to his bipolar disorder. This information was of great value in assessing therapeutic interventions and in designing habilitative activities congruent with shifts in the behavioral patterns.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.0613075067747
keywords = affective
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/9. Offspring of schizophrenics. III. Hyperactivity and neurological soft signs.

    Twenty-nine male offspring of "continuous schizophrenics" (chronic, borderline, and chronic schizoaffective schizophrenics), plus controls, were given neurological and psychological examinations at age 7. Eight of the 29 were found to have high ratings on a factor score that was termed "hyperactive" (increased activity, impulsivity, distractibility, and emotional lability), and three of these boys had high ratings for neurological signs as well. These frequencies were significantly greater than the control values. Mild incoordination, such as awkwardness in performing rapidly alternating movements, was the neurological soft sign most elevated in the index group. Fifteen female offspring of schizophrenics were not found to differ from their controls on these measures. Previous studies of the childhood of male schizophrenics have found behavior patterns similar to the behavior of the boys who scored high on our hyperactive factors. It is thus likely that the "hyperactive cases" in this sample are even more at risk for developing schizophrenia in later life than the other offspring of schizophrenic parents.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1179230563083
keywords = affective
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/9. Antidepressant withdrawal syndromes: evidence supporting the cholinergic overdrive hypothesis.

    The authors present case examples of the various antidepressant withdrawal syndromes. Substantial evidence supports the contention that these syndromes result from cholinergic overdrive; thus, they may have a common pathophysiological basis. Even paradoxical reactions on antidepressant withdrawal, such as mania, are consistent with the cholinergic overdrive hypothesis. If the cholinergic overdrive hypothesis of affective illness. The cholinergic overdrive hypothesis is both of considerable heuristic value and is further testable by the study of the tonic and phasic aspects of sleep and neuroendocrine parameters in the withdrawal state.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.1179230563083
keywords = affective
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/9. Benign partial epilepsy with affective symptoms: hyperkinetic behavior during interictal periods.

    We report a 4-year-old boy with benign partial epilepsy (BPE) with affective symptoms associated with hyperkinetic behavior during interictal periods. He had had hypermobility and restlessness since about age 3. At 4 years, 6 months, he developed episodes consisting of an expression of terror without complete loss of consciousness. Although we first suspected an acute psychic problem, the ictal EEG was abnormal. After carbamazepine (CBZ) therapy, the frequency of the attacks decreased dramatically and the hyperkinetic behavior gradually diminished.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.58961528154151
keywords = affective
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/9. sertraline-induced behavioral activation during the treatment of an adolescent with major depression.

    Symptoms of behavioral activation in children and adolescents have been reported as possible adverse effects of treatment with fluoxetine and sertraline. A 15-year-old with a single major depressive episode, dissociative periods, and anxious hyperventilation attacks was started on sertraline 50 mg (1 mg/kg) daily and, within 4 days, raised to 100 mg daily. All major symptoms resolved by 4 weeks with no apparent side effects or adverse behavioral changes. Ratings of Global Assessment of Functioning and Clinical Global Impression Severity of Illness ratings reflected marked clinical improvement. The adolescent remained euthymic for 6 months but then experienced a return of some depressive symptoms. Within 3 days of raising the dose to 150 mg daily, the patient began to exhibit difficulty in falling asleep, hypermotoric behavior, and hypertalkativeness (in association with tremor and blurred vision). This episode was not of sufficient duration and did not fulfill a sufficient number of DSM-IV criteria to qualify as hypomania. The symptoms of behavioral activation lasted for 3 days and disappeared when sertraline was discontinued, but depressive and hyperventilation symptoms returned quickly. Reinstatement of 100 mg produced enduring recovery without the adverse effects. This case appears to suggest that rapid dose elevation may not be as important as dose quantity in eliciting adverse behavioral effects from sertraline. Judging from the few cases now in the medical literature, it appears that sertraline-induced behavioral activation may emerge at doses that vary considerably among individual youths (25-200 mg daily). In short, this drug-induced behavioral activation appears to be dose-dependent, but dose threshold varies widely among patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0039753171899294
keywords = depression
(Clic here for more details about this article)


Leave a message about 'Hyperkinesis'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.