Cases reported "hyperopia"

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1/180. Congenital stapes ankylosis, broad thumbs, and hyperopia: report of a family and refinement of a syndrome.

    We report on a family with conductive hearing loss due to congenital stapes ankylosis, and with hyperopia, broad thumbs, and broad first toes. Neither of the studied relatives had symphalangism, possibly distinguishing this syndrome as an entity separate from the facio-audio-symphalangism and proximal symphalangism syndromes. An alternative possibility is that this family falls within the spectrum of the facioaudio-symphalangism and proximal symphalangism syndromes. Visualization of the ossicular chain, and ophthalmologic and radiologic studies are important in the evaluation of families with congenital conductive hearing loss. A characteristic physiognomy in our patients is present; this autosomal dominant syndrome was first described by Teunissen and Cremers [1990: Laryngoscope 100:380-384]. ( info)

2/180. Very high-frequency ultrasound corneal analysis identifies anatomic correlates of optical complications of lamellar refractive surgery: anatomic diagnosis in lamellar surgery.

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of very high-frequency (VHF) ultrasound scanning in determining the anatomic changes and correlates of optical complications in lamellar refractive surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PARTICIPANTS: Cases analyzed included marked asymmetric astigmatism postautomated lamellar keratoplasty (ALK), image ghosting despite normal videokeratography post-ALK, uncomplicated myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), and hyperopic LASIK with regression. methods: A prototype VHF ultrasound scanner (50 MHz) was used to obtain sequences of parallel B-scans of the cornea. Digital signal processing techniques were used to measure epithelial, stromal, and flap thickness values in a grid encompassing the central 4 to 5 mm of the cornea, enabling pachymetric mapping of each layer with 2-micron precision. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The appearance of the corneas in VHF ultrasound images and thickness values of individual corneal layers determined from VHF ultrasound data. RESULTS: VHF ultrasound resolved the epithelial, stromal cap, or flap and residual stromal layers 1 year after lamellar surgery. Asymmetric stromal tissue removal was differentiated from stromal cap irregularity. epithelium acted to compensate for asymmetry of the stromal surface about the visual axis and for localized surface irregularities. Irregularities in the epithelial-stromal interface accounted for image ghosting present despite apparently normal videokeratography. Epithelial thickening was shown after uncomplicated myopic LASIK. Hyperopic LASIK demonstrated relative epithelial thickening localized to the region of ablation accounting for refractive regression. CONCLUSIONS: VHF ultrasound shows promise as a sensitive method of determining the anatomic correlates of optical complications in lamellar refractive surgery. ( info)

3/180. Acute corneal necrosis after excimer laser keratectomy for hyperopia.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a new, rare clinical complication after routine excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy to correct hyperopia. DESIGN: Case report with clinicopathologic correlation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Four weeks after treatment with excimer laser, a perforating keratoplasty was performed for persistent corneal opacities. The corneal button was examined using light and electron microscopy. Special immunohistochemical stains were used to detect apoptosis. RESULTS: The patient developed corneal opacities, endothelial precipitates, and a fibrinous exudate in the anterior chamber after the laser treatment. The changes did not respond to therapy directed against bacteria, fungi, and acanthamoeba. All examinations and special stains were negative for micro-organisms. By light microscopy, an anterior zone of corneal necrosis was present with a moderate amount of acute inflammatory cells. At the interface between necrotic and viable corneal stroma, keratocytes with typical features of apoptosis were detected by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. CONCLUSION: This is the first full histopathologic report of a case of acute corneal necrosis with signs of apoptosis after excimer laser therapy of the cornea. Surgeons should be aware of this rare but potentially severe complication. ( info)

4/180. Corneal iron ring after hyperopic laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis.

    PURPOSE: To report a new corneal iron ring after hyperopic laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). methods: Three patients underwent hyperopic LASIK for the correction of hyperopia in both eyes. Spherical equivalent refraction of the patients ranged from 3.37 to 6.50 diopters. LASIK procedure was performed using automated corneal shaper and 193-nm argon fluoride excimer laser. RESULTS: Both eyes of the patients were noted to have a corneal iron ring located at the paracentral area at 6-7 months after surgery. The localization of iron ring corresponded with outside border of central steep zone. Twelve-month examination showed there was no change in color, shape, and density of corneal iron ring. CONCLUSIONS: Corneal topographic changes induced by hyperopic LASIK may cause corneal iron ring to develop. ( info)

5/180. Bacterial keratitis following laser in situ keratomileusis for hyperopia.

    A 42-year-old Bahraini man had uneventful laser in situ keratomileusis for hyperopia (OD: 3.00 0.75 x 155 degrees; OS: 2.00 0.50 x 155 degrees). Three weeks later, he presented with localized keratitis in his right eye, with localized keratitis at the flap margin with stromal edema. Uncorrected visual acuity was 20/80 OD with no improvement with pinhole, and was 20/20 OS. Corneal smear culture showed a positive growth of staphylococcus aureus. The patient was immediately treated with subconjunctival gentamicin and intensive topical ofloxacin 0.3% with systemic cephalosporin. The patient recovered from keratitis within 2 weeks and his uncorrected visual acuity OD improved to 20/20. keratitis following LASIK should be treated promptly so that it does not lead to permanent reduction in visual acuity. ( info)

6/180. Clear lens extraction with intraocular lens implantation for hyperopia.

    PURPOSE: Current surgical options for the correction of moderate to severe hyperopia include hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), phakic intraocular lens implantation and clear lens extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. We investigate the safety and efficacy of clear lens extraction with IOL implantation to correct hyperopia. methods: phacoemulsification and IOL implantation was performed on 18 eyes of 10 patients. In 16 eyes, the Hoffer-Q formula was used for IOL power calculation and a single IOL was inserted; in the remaining 2 nanophthalmic eyes, the Holladay-II formula was used and two piggy-back IOLs were inserted. RESULTS: Mean preoperative spherical equivalent for distance was 6.17 D (range, 4.25 to 9.62 D). patients were followed postoperatively for a mean of 10.5 months (range, 4 to 27 mo). Uncorrected visual acuity in all eyes was 20/50 or better with a median uncorrected visual acuity of 20/40 (range, 20/30 to 20/50). Two patients lost 2 lines of spectacle-corrected visual acuity; both of these patients achieved spectacle-corrected visual acuity of 20/30. CONCLUSIONS: Clear lens extraction with IOL implantation is a safe and effective procedure for the correction of moderate to severe hyperopia in the presbyopic age range. ( info)

7/180. Contact zone of piggyback acrylic intraocular lenses.

    In a hyperopic cataract patient, surgery was performed with implantation of 2 foldable, acrylic, posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in the bag. The IOLs showed a central contact zone during surgery. This contact zone remained after surgery and was documented 2 months postoperatively. The contact zone may induce multifocality similar to that seen with multifocal IOLs. ( info)

8/180. Interpseudophakos Elschnig pearls associated with late hyperopic shift: a complication of piggyback posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.

    We report 3 cases of bilateral piggyback lens implantation in which late hyperopic shift occurred associated with Elschnig pearl formation in the peripheral interface between the 2 lenses. ( info)

9/180. Pseudo-Fleischer ring after hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis.

    A 37-year-old woman had bilateral hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Six months postoperatively, an epithelial pigmentation ring pattern was identified on both corneas. The appearance of the ring pattern was similar to the iron deposits of the Fleischer ring of keratoconus. While corneal iron deposits in various patterns have been reported after other forms of ocular therapeutic and refractive surgery, this is the first report of the association between hyperopic LASIK and a corneal iron line, which we have called the "pseudo-Fleischer ring." ( info)

10/180. Abnormal head posture associated with high hyperopia.

    BACKGROUND: An abnormal head posture may be adopted for ocular or nonocular reasons. The most common ocular reasons are to maintain binocularity and to obtain the best possible visual acuity. patients with undercorrected or overcorrected refractive errors have been reported to adopt a variety of head positions, thought to be an attempt to obtain the best possible visual acuity. methods: Five patients with symmetric high hyperopia (at least 5.00 D) and an abnormal head posture are presented. RESULTS: All five patients demonstrated an abnormal head posture of chin down for fixation without the spectacle correction in place. This abnormal head posture was eliminated by occlusion of either eye and also by wearing of the refractive correction. No patient demonstrated significant strabismus. CONCLUSION: An abnormal head posture when not wearing spectacle correction can occur in children who have high hyperopia and insignificant strabismus. This may be a mechanism by which the best visual acuity is obtained (indicated by the disappearance of the abnormal head posture on wearing of the glasses) and also to maintain binocularity (indicated by the disappearance of the abnormal head posture under monocular testing conditions). The presence of a chin-down abnormal head posture should alert the examiner to the possible presence of high hyperopia and therefore the necessity for a cycloplegic refraction. ( info)
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