Cases reported "Hyperparathyroidism"

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1/1020. maintenance of serum calcium by parathyroid hormone-related peptide during lactation in a hypoparathyroid patient.

    We describe the changes in calcium homeostasis seen in a hypoparathyroid woman during the third trimester and with lactation following her second pregnancy. During lactation her need for supplemental calcium and calcitriol abated, and in fact she was transiently hypercalcemic and hypophosphatemic. This change was associated with a rise of serum parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) released systemically during lactation. This is the first documentation of the time course of serum PTHrP levels from the late third trimester throughout lactation in a hypoparathyroid woman. In this context PTHrP may have sufficient biological activity to compensate for parathyroid hormone deficiency. ( info)

2/1020. Tumor-related osteomalacia followed after treatment by hyperparathyroidism.

    Tumor-induced osteomalacia is due to renal phosphate wasting in response to a humoral factor produced by a tumor, usually a benign mesenchymal tumor. Removal of the tumor is followed by resolution of the metabolic disorder. physicians should be aware that sporadic renal phosphate wasting in an adult should prompt a search for a tumor. A case of tumor-induced osteomalacia due to a nonossifying fibroma of the radius is reported. After removal of the tumor, renal phosphate excretion returned to normal, but the patient developed tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Eight years elapsed between symptom onset and the diagnosis of the tumor. The pathogenesis of tumor-induced osteomalacia and the role of treatment for renal phosphate wasting on the subsequent development of hyperthyroidism are discussed. ( info)

3/1020. The elevated serum alkaline phosphatase--the chase that led to two endocrinopathies and one possible unifying diagnosis.

    A 39-year-old Chinese man with hypertension being evaluated for elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) levels was found to have an incidental right adrenal mass. The radiological features were characteristic of a large adrenal myelolipoma. This mass was resected and the diagnosis confirmed pathologically. His blood pressure normalised after removal of the myelolipoma, suggesting that the frequently observed association between myelolipomas and hypertension may not be entirely coincidental. Persistent elevation of the SAP levels and the discovery of hypercalcaemia after surgery led to further investigations which confirmed primary hyperparathyroidism due to a parathyroid adenoma. The patient's serum biochemistry normalised after removal of the adenoma. The association of adrenal myelolipoma with primary hyperparathyroidism has been reported in the literature only once previously. Although unconfirmed by genetic studies this association may possibly represent an unusual variation of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome. ( info)

4/1020. Lessons to be learned: a case study approach. Primary hyperparathyroidism simulating an acute severe polyneuritis.

    The case is presented of a 65 year old lady with recent onset of neuromuscular manifestations, comprising paraparesis, areflexia and unsteady gait, along with episodes of slurring of speech and diplopia, later confirmed to be due to severe hypercalcaemia--which itself was caused by primary hyperparathyroidism. Restoration of normocalcaemia, by means of rehydration and bisphosphonate therapy, resulted in clinical improvement--whilst subsequent parathyroidectomy was followed by complete resolution of all symptoms. In order to make prompt differentiation between the neurological sequelae of hyperparathyroidism and a primary neurological disorder, a high index of suspicion is required. An urgent serum calcium assay, as part of a bone profile, is mandatory in patients who present with neurological symptoms--especially the elderly, amongst whom hyperparathyroidism is especially common. ( info)

5/1020. hyperparathyroidism associated with a parathyroid cyst: an unusual presentation.

    In a case of hyperparathyroidism associated with a large parathyroid cyst a causal association was demonstrated by the presence of enormous quantities of parathormone in the cyst fluid. Assay of hormone levels in the cyst fluid in future cases may be helpful in elucidating the aetiology of this rare condition. ( info)

6/1020. calciphylaxis: case report and treatment review.

    We present the case of a 57-year-old white woman with chronic renal failure as well as severely painful, firm, indurated plaques on the thighs and lower extremities. The plaques progressed to involve larger areas with associated local ulceration and necrosis. Laboratory testing revealed hyperparathyroidism, and incisional biopsy confirmed calcifying panniculitis. ( info)

7/1020. Mediastinal parathyroid cysts revisited.

    BACKGROUND: A case of a functioning mediastinal cyst is presented. methods: A comprehensive review of the literature found 93 patients in whom a parathyroid cyst or cysts extended into, or was completely contained within, the mediastinum. Including our patient, there were 46 men and 45 women, and the gender was not recorded in three. RESULTS: The cysts were located in the anterosuperior region in 56 patients, in the middle region of the mediastinum in 26, and in the anterior, prevascular region in 12. Thirty-nine patients had functioning cysts associated with hyperparathyroidism of varying severity; seven patients presented with a hypercalcemic crisis. Local symptomatology consisted of a neck mass, respiratory distress, and occasional dysphagia or chest pain. recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis was present in nine patients, and innominate vein compression or thrombosis was present in two. The cysts in all but four patients were treated by open surgical excision; two were treated by thoracoscopy, and two patients only had fine-needle aspiration of the cyst. The cyst was excised via a cervical approach in 67 patients and by a thoracotomy or median sternotomy or a variation thereof in 23. There was no operative mortality and morbidity was minimal. CONCLUSION: Surgical resection was successful in all and remains the treatment of choice for mediastinal parathyroid cysts. ( info)

8/1020. Bilateral hemothorax revealing mediastinal parathyroid adenoma.

    We report the case of a 63-year-old woman admitted to hospital because of bilateral hemothorax associated with acute respiratory failure and laterotracheal neoformation. A right thoracoscopy biopsy revealed a paratracheal parathyroid adenoma which was responsible for bilateral hemothorax and primary hyperparathyroidism. A curative resection was successfully performed by cervicotomy. ( info)

9/1020. hyperparathyroidism and chronic pancreatitis.

    hyperparathyroidism is a rare cause of pancreatitis. The nature of the relationship between the two entities is not well defined, i.e. is it casual or causal? We describe 2 patients with chronic pancreatitis and hyperparathyroidism who presented with epigastric pain and were initially treated unsuccessfully by surgical drainage of the pancreatic ducts. In 1 case the hyperparathyroidism was only recognised after the pancreatic surgery. In both the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis responded well to parathyroidectomy. We believe that our cases add support to a causal relationship between pancreatitis and hyperparathyroidism. Whatever the true relationship, management of these patients should initially be directed at the hyperparathyroidism, followed by appropriate treatment of the pancreatitis. ( info)

10/1020. A case of zollinger-ellison syndrome produced by gastrinoma in the duodenum accompanied with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1.

    A case of zollinger-ellison syndrome produced by gastrinoma in the duodenum accompanied by multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 (MEN-1) is reported. A 46 year-old female underwent distal gastrectomy due to gastric ulcer 5 years ago. As ulceration of the residual stomach recurred, further examination was performed. hyperprolactinemia, hypergastrinemia, primary hyperparathyroidism, pancreatic tumor, and duodenal carcinoid were evident, and the diagnoses of zollinger-ellison syndrome and MEN-1 were established. The origin of the gastrin secretion was suspected to be from the pancreatic tumor, so sampling of the portal blood was performed. As lesion on the gastrinoma in the pancreas could not be identified, total parathyroidectomy was performed for primary hyperparathyroidism. The level of the gastrin secretion, however, remained high. Partial resection of the duodenum for the duodenal carcinoid and a distal pancreatectomy were carried out concurrently. Immunohistochemical study of the anti-gastrin antibody revealed duodenal tumor cells. Initially, the gastrinoma was thought to be in the pancreas, however, the lesion accompanied with MEN-1 and the zollinger-ellison syndrome had occurred in the duodenum. ( info)
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