Cases reported "Hyperplasia"

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1/1414. Giant hyperplasia of the caudate lobe of the cirrhotic liver: correlation with an anomaly of the caudate portal branch.

    Different imaging appearances of giant hyperplastic change of the caudate lobe of the liver are presented in a patient with liver cirrhosis. The mass like caudate lobe was isoechoic on ultrasound, hypodense on postcontrast computed tomography (CT), hyperintense on T1-weighted magnetic resonance, images and isointense on T2-weighted images. These imaging findings are similar to those of dysplastic nodule in cirrhotic liver. The caudate lobe received normal portal flow on CT during arterial portography, but superior mesenteric arteriography showed precocious or early division of the caudate portal branch. We suspect that caudate hyperplastic change may be correlated to anomalous caudate portal vein branch.
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2/1414. Hypergranulotic dyscornification: a distinctive histologic pattern of maturation of epidermal epithelium present in solitary keratoses.

    Hypergranulotic dyscornification is an appellation proposed to designate a newly recognized distinctive pattern of epidermal maturation that is analogous to other epithelial reaction patterns such as epidermolytic hyperkeratosis, focal acantholytic dyskeratosis, cornoid lamellation, pale-cell acanthosis, and follicular mucinosis. The name "benign hypergranulotic keratosis with dyscornification" is proposed to specify solitary keratoses with digitated epidermal hyperplasia that exhibit this exceptional pattern of cornification. This abnormal type of cornification is characterized by hypergranulosis. A pale-staining basophilic substance is present intercellularly within the upper spinous layer and the hyperplastic granular layer. Overlying the thickened granular layer in foci at tips of epidermal papillations are orthokeratotic mounds of large, dull, eosinophilic staining corneocytes that are sharply demarcated from the thickened granular layer. Basophilic keratohyalin granules are focally retained within these corneocytes. There is overlying compact orthokeratosis that extends across the entire lesion. The compact orthokeratosis is slightly basophilic, and lies below a laminated and basket-weave orthokeratotic stratum corneum. There is a predominantly lymphocytic infiltrate at the base of these neoplasms with some spongiosis. There is parakeratosis focally present in the stratum corneum overlying these individual areas of abnormal cornification. The histopathologic and clinical findings in eight lesions that exhibit hypergranulotic dyscornification, a heretofore undescribed unique pattern of epidermal cornification, are presented.
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3/1414. Endoscopically assisted removal of unilateral coronoid process hyperplasia.

    Coronoid process hyperplasia (CPH) is an uncommon disorder characterized by an enlarged coronoid process impinging against the posterior aspect of the zygomatic arch. Young male adults are usually affected, presenting with limited mouth opening, which is typically painless and progressive in nature. The diagnosis of true CPH is established by the findings of (1) uniform coronoid enlargement on radiographic examination and (2) normal bone structure on histopathological examination (i.e., the specimen should be free of any neoplastic growth, such as the previously reported cases of coronoid osteomas, osteochondromas, or exostoses). The treatment is mainly surgical, by means of a coronoidectomy. An intraoral approach is mostly preferred for this procedure to avoid an external scar. However, to avoid the drawbacks of this approach, such as limited exposure and the risk of hematoma and subsequent fibrosis, an extraoral approach may be indicated. This report describes a case of true unilateral CPH in a 17-year-old boy who presented with progressive limited mouth opening in the absence of any pain. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a uniformly enlarged right coronoid process. A coronoidectomy was performed with the aid of endoscopic systems, approaching via two short incisions in the temporal scalp. Histopathological examination of the specimen demonstrated essentially a normal bony structure with no evidence of a neoplasm. The authors present the endoscopically assisted technique of coronoid process excision as an alternative method of surgical treatment of CPH and any mass of the coronoid process in general. With this method, the incision is much shorter than a conventional coronal incision and thus morbidity is diminished considerably.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = hyperplasia
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4/1414. Electromyographic activity of the jaw-closing muscles before and after unilateral coronoidectomy performed on a patient with coronoid hyperplasia: a case study.

    There have been few reports analyzing the activity of the jaw-closing muscles after coronoidectomy performed on a patient with coronoid hyperplasia. This paper presents a case study using electromyograms (EMGs) to evaluate the effects of unilateral coronoidectomy on the activity of masseter and temporal muscles. The patient was a 25-year-old male whose maximal range of jaw opening was 24 mm. After coronoidectomy of the left region, the range improved to 43 mm. EMGs were recorded in the center of the masseter muscles and the anterior part of the temporal muscles during gum chewing. Preoperatively, no abnormal EMG activity was observed. Eight months after surgery, increase in the ratio of the bilateral temporal muscle activity and a decrease in the ratio of the right masseter muscle activity were observed, and the proportion of activity of jaw closing muscles was out of the normal range. Eighteen months after surgery, there was slight return to the preoperative EMG activity. It was concluded that unilateral coronoidectomy could result in EMG changes of masseter and temporal muscles with a gradual return.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = hyperplasia
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5/1414. Recurrent stenosis of common carotid-intracranial internal carotid interposition saphenous vein bypass graft caused by intimal hyperplasia and treated with endovascular stent placement. Case report and review of the literature.

    Intimal hyperplasia is a well-known cause of delayed stenosis in vein bypass grafts in all types of vascular surgery. Options for treatment of stenosis in peripheral and coronary artery bypass grafts include revision surgery and the application of endovascular techniques such as balloon angioplasty and stent placement. The authors present a case of stenosis caused by intimal hyperplasia in a high-flow common carotid artery-intracranial internal carotid artery (IICA) saphenous vein interposition bypass graft that had been constructed to treat a traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the intracavernous ICA. The stenosis recurred after revision surgery and was successfully treated by endovascular stent placement in the vein graft. The literature on stent placement for vein graft stenoses is reviewed, and the authors add a report of its application to external carotid-internal carotid bypass grafts. Further study is required to define the role of endovascular techniques in the management of stenotic cerebrovascular disease.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = hyperplasia
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6/1414. pancreatic polypeptide hyperplasia causing watery diarrhea syndrome: a case report.

    Neuroendocrine tumours of the pancreas can secrete numerous peptides, leading to various recognizable clinical syndromes. The secretion of pancreatic polypeptide has been used as a marker for neuroendocrine tumours but is considered to be a biologically inert peptide. A 37-year-old woman had watery diarrhea syndrome from pancreatic polypeptide hyperplasia. Only 2 other reported cases in the literature have described pancreatic polypeptide hyperplasia; however, this is the first reported case in which the patient was successfully treated by surgical resection, with a 2-year follow-up. This report and review of the literature illustrate that pancreatic polypeptide hypersecretion may present as a clinical endocrinopathy.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = hyperplasia
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7/1414. Papillary endothelial hyperplasia presenting as a chest wall neoplasm.

    Soft tissue hematomas generally resolve but may persist and develop into slow-growing, organized masses. These chronic expanding hematomas are characterized by a pseudocapsule and a predominantly necrotic central cavity, with foci of newly formed capillaries. These have been called chronic expanding hematomas or Masson's papillary endothelial hyperplasia. These lesions can mimic vascular neoplasms and must be considered in the evaluation of expanding soft tissue vascular malformations.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = hyperplasia
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8/1414. Colonic obstruction due to sigmoid muscular hyperplasia.

    We report a case of acute colonic obstruction initially presumed to be secondary to acute diverticulitis, necessitating emergent surgical intervention. Pathologic examination failed to reveal evidence of inflammation, fibrosis or neoplasia. Marked hypertrophy of the sigmoid circular muscle layer was documented and thought to be the etiology of the colonic obstruction.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyperplasia
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9/1414. Parathyroid carcinoma secondary to prolonged hyperplasia in chronic renal failure and in coeliac disease.

    The presentation of parathyroid carcinoma in patients with chronic renal failure is rare, although with improvements in life expectancy associated with this condition there have now been 12 reported cases, including the first case we report here. It has been proposed that in these cases there has been a malignant transformation of benign parathyroid hyperplastic tissue. We also report the first case of parathyroid carcinoma associated with coeliac disease and suggest that the same mechanism may be responsible. We review the presentation, diagnosis, treatment and natural history of the disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyperplasia
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10/1414. Renal cell carcinoma in children with diffuse cystic hyperplasia of the kidneys.

    We report the clinical, pathologic, and genetic features of renal malignancy in two children with diffuse cystic hyperplasia. Both presented with massive bilateral nephromegaly. Neither had a family history or clinical findings suggestive of tuberous sclerosis or von hippel-lindau disease. The kidneys of both children were extensively replaced by tubulocystic hyperplasia with large eosinophilic epithelial cells. The masses of hyperplastic tissue were nodular, compressing remnants of uninvolved renal parenchyma. Tubulopapillary carcinoma was present in both children, one of whom had bilateral multicentric carcinoma. No loss of heterozygosity was detected in the tumors at the TSC1, TSC2, or VHL gene regions, and no alterations in the VHL gene were detected using single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. These cases of bilateral renal enlargement with diffuse cystic hyperplasia appear to represent a new clinical syndrome that may warrant bilateral nephrectomy because of the risk of malignancy.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = hyperplasia
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