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1/26. tobacco allergy: demonstration of cross-reactivity with other members of solanaceae family and mugwort pollen.

    BACKGROUND: tobacco is a plant belonging to the solanaceae family. This plant is usually used as a contact insecticide for several infestations in some areas, such as the Canary islands. Allergy induced by inhalation of this plant is unusual. Identification of the potential allergen in growing areas is essential. OBJECTIVE: We report a patient with occupational sensitivity to an aqueous solution of cut tobacco whose clinical manifestations were rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Past medical history was significant for seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis to mugwort pollen and oral allergy syndrome with avocado. methods: Green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were prepared, skin prick tests were performed with green tobacco, cured tobacco leaf extracts, and certain aeroallergens. Conjunctival challenge test was carried out with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extract. serum-specific IgE against tobacco leaf was performed by commercial CAP. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out with tobacco and artemisia vulgaris. RESULTS: Skin prick tests and conjunctival challenge tests with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were positive, as well as serum-specific IgE by CAP, indicating an IgE-mediated sensitization. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out and it was found that tobacco, mugwort pollen, and tomato extracts inhibited the binding of the patient's serum to solid-phase tobacco leaf. No inhibition was observed when alternaria, D. pteronyssinus, and potato were used as control inhibitors. Inhibition of immunoCAP to mugwort was obtained with mugwort and tobacco extracts and no cross-reactivity to D. pteronyssinus was shown. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that tobacco can induce IgE-mediated reactions that are mediated by the existence of common antigenic epitopes between tobacco and mugwort pollen. This allergy can be a hazard of employment in the agricultural areas.
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keywords = plant
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2/26. Disseminated and recurrent sarcoid-like granulomatous panniculitis due to bovine collagen injection.

    Three to five percent of patients treated with injectable collagen implants have adverse local reactions. Systemic signs or symptoms are infrequent. We describe the case of a 53-year-old woman who developed local and general complaints 2 months after receiving two collagen injections in both nasolabial folds. She presented asthenia, malaise, polyarthralgia and inflammatory nodular panniculitis in the places of injection as well as on the forearms and lower extremities. Skin testing was compatible with hypersensitivity to collagen. This case raises the question as to whether the injection of animal-derived collagen induces manifestations similar to those observed in connective autoimmune diseases or human adjuvant disease.
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keywords = plant
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3/26. asthma and rhinitis induced by exposure to raw green beans and chards.

    BACKGROUND: Although the vast majority of IgE-mediated allergic reactions to foods occurs through ingestion, a few cases of unexpected allergic reactions to foods may occur through the exposure to airborne food allergen particles. methods: case reports. Skin prick tests and serum-specific IgE (CAP-FEIA) were used to identify specific IgE antibodies. bronchial provocation tests were performed to determine the clinical relevance of inhaled exposure to raw and cooked green beans and raw chards. After demonstrating specific reactivity to them, SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting of raw and cooked green beans were carried out to identify relevant antigens. RESULTS: Three women developed bronchial asthma and rhinitis after exposure to raw green beans, and one of them also when exposed to raw chards. All women tolerated ingestion of green beans. patients reported multiple episodes while handling these vegetables for cooking activities. Allergy to green beans and chards was demonstrated by skin testing and serum-specific IgE. Bronchial challenge test with these allergens showed positive responses to raw, but not cooked, green beans and chards. Oral food challenges with green beans (raw and cooked) and chards were negative in all patients. In order to further characterize the allergenic components of these extracts, SDS-PAGE and electroblotting studies were also performed. Immunoblots of raw and cooked green beans extract showed two IgE-binding bands with apparent molecular weights of 41.1 and 70.6 kD. Interestingly, a 47-kD IgE-binding protein was detected only in raw green bean extracts. CONCLUSIONS: We report three patients who developed asthma and rhinitis caused by exposure to raw, but not to cooked, green beans and chards in a non-occupational environment. Only minor differences of IgE reactivity between nitrocellulose-blotted raw and boiled green bean extract were found.
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ranking = 202.18259760764
keywords = bean
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4/26. Allergy development after bone marrow transplantation from a non-atopic donor.

    BACKGROUND: Transfer of allergy from atopic bone marrow donors to recipients is known to occur. Development of allergy in a non-atopic patient transplanted from a non-atopic donor is an unfamiliar phenomenon in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the course of events causing a bone marrow recipient to acquire an allergic disease in such non-conducive circumstances. methods: Full medical history, prick and intradermal skin tests, and serum IgE levels were obtained from both donor and recipient patients. dna and red blood cell phenotype analyses were used to detect the degree of chimerism. RESULTS: Only the recipient patient showed positive specific IgE antibodies and skin tests to house dust mite. The recipient patient displayed 100% donor chimera, based on all engraftment markers sought. CONCLUSION: Full engraftment after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation may be associated with modulation of T and B cell function, which in turn could cause the onset of allergic disease after bone marrow transplantation.
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keywords = plant
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5/26. Immediate-type hypersensitivity to a bean lectin source with commentary on occupational allergy in allergy-immunology laboratory and research workers.

    A case of acute, severe allergic conjunctivitis is reported in a biochemist who had been grinding Bandeiraea simplicifolia, the source of an anti-B lectin. A crude extract of these beans produced immediate-type skin test reactivity, and reaginic antibodies were demonstrated in her serum. Several other examples of occupationally induced allergy in laboratory and research workers in the field of allergy-immunology are briefly cited. Exposure to potential allergens in a dry, powdered form seems particularly hazardous.
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ranking = 67.394199202547
keywords = bean
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6/26. Occupational rhinitis and bronchial asthma due to artichoke (cynara scolymus).

    BACKGROUND: The artichoke is a perennial horticultural plant that belongs to the Compositae family. OBJECTIVE: To present case studies of 2 vegetable warehouse workers who developed occupational rhinitis and bronchial asthma by sensitization to artichoke. methods: Skin prick tests with common inhalants and foods were performed. Specific IgE to artichoke, parietaria judaica pollen, and olea europaea pollen extracts was measured by a specific IgE enzyme immunosorbent assay kit. Molecular mass of the allergens was studied by the sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) immunoblotting technique. patients underwent a nasal challenge test, and one patient provided peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) measurements in her workplace. RESULTS: In both patients, results of skin prick tests to artichoke were positive. Levels of specific IgE for artichoke were 0.68 kU/L in patient 1 and 2.14 kU/L in patient 2. The protein composition of the artichoke extract, studied by SDS-PAGE, showed that most bands ranged from 30 to 14 kDa. The IgE-binding bands with the serum samples of patient 1 showed apparent molecular masses of 56, 48, 38, 31, 27, 25, 16, and 15 kDa; however, the serum samples of patient 2 showed IgE bands of 21 and 19 kDa. Western blotting of artichoke extract showed a complete inhibition of IgE-binding bands when serum samples were preincubated with P. judaica pollen extract. Nasal challenge with artichoke extract triggered a peak nasal inspiratory flow decrease of 81% and 85% in patient 1 and patient 2, respectively. Finally, patient 1 recorded a PEFR decrease of up to 36% after exposure to artichoke in her workplace. CONCLUSIONS: SDS-PAGE immunoblotting inhibition performed for the artichoke extract showed a total disappearance of the specific IgE binding bands when serum samples were previously incubated with P. judaica pollen extract, thus establishing the existence of a serologic cross-reactivity between artichoke and P. judaica pollen.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = plant
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7/26. Occupational dermatitis from Lactuca sativa (lettuce) and Cichorium (endive). Simultaneous occurrence of immediate and delayed allergy as a cause of contact dermatitis.

    Four patients with occupational contact dermatitis to Lactuca sativa had cross-sensitivity to Cichorium endivia. One of the patients also had contact urticaria to Lactuca and Cichorium, and another reacted positively to scratch tests with these plants as a sign of immediate allergy. In two cases such immediate allergy was considered the cause of a vesicular, intense itching eruption within a few minutes of contact with fresh leaves of Lactuca on previously eczematous skin. The severe chronic dermatitis of the hands of these patients is ascribed to combined delayed and immediate allergy.
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keywords = plant
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8/26. angioedema induced by inhalation of vapours from cooked white bean in a child.

    BACKGROUND: There are few references of allergic reaction to beans in childhood. We report the case of a seven years old boy who suffered from angioedema associated to inhalation of vapours from cooked white bean. methods: skin prick tests (SPT) were performed by prick-by-prick with cooked white bean and legumes. It was also determined total IgE and specific IgE antibodies to bean and legumes with the use of the CAP enzymo-immunoassay. Subsequently, a oral challenge test was carried out with white bean. RESULTS: The prick-by-prick with white bean was positive in our case, and negative in ten controls patients. Specific IgE in patient serum, assayed by CAP was positive for white bean and green bean. The patient developed angioedema after ingestion cooked white bean. CONCLUSION: we demonstrated a type I hypersensitivity to white bean in a seven years old child by SPT, specific IgE antibodies and challenge test.
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ranking = 188.70375776713
keywords = bean
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9/26. Ultrarush immunotherapy in a patient with occupational allergy to bumblebee venom (Bombus terrestris).

    Bumblebee venom allergies, though uncommon among the broad public, pose a significant risk in plant industry and scientific occupation. Since a significant IgE cross-reactivity between bumblebee and honeybee venom has been described in several cases and bumblebee venom for immunotherapy has been available only from a few suppliers, SIT with honeybee venom was frequently used for bumblebee venom allergic patients in the past. We present the case of occupational bumblebee allergy in a biologist who developed anaphylactic reactions with subsequent stings. He was lacking cross-reactivity to honeybee venom, therefore we initiated immunotherapy with bumblebee venom extract. Two months after reaching the maintenance dose of 80 microg, the efficacy of the treatment was demonstrated by sting challenge.
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keywords = plant
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10/26. Cytotoxic chemotherapy successfully induces durable complete remission in 2 patients with mosquito allergy resulting from Epstein-Barr virus-associated T-/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative disease.

    Recent findings indicate that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-infected T-/natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of mosquito allergy, and most patients with mosquito allergy die early in life if not properly treated. Over the last 7 years, we have been using combination chemotherapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation for the treatment of EBV-associated T-/NK cell lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) in which chronic active EBV infection and mosquito allergy were included. As of this writing, we have successfully treated 2 patients with mosquito allergy with chemotherapy in which EBV-infected T-/NK cells were eradicated. The findings suggest the possible role of chemotherapy in the treatment of EBV-associated T-/NK cell LPD.
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