Cases reported "Hypersensitivity"

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1/21. Allergic reaction to spinal cord stimulator.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective was to report on the possibility of allergic reaction to the components of a spinal cord stimulator. DESIGN: We describe a severe allergic reaction after the insertion of a spinal cord stimulator in a patient with complex regional pain syndrome type 1. SETTING: The patient was being followed in an office-based pain management practice. PATIENT: The patient is a 41-year-old woman with complex regional pain syndrome type 1, posttrauma. Intervention: Insertion of a cervical and lumbar spinal cord stimulator. OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcome measures were a numerical scale of pain intensity and the ability to perform the activities of daily living. RESULTS: Adequate pain control complicated by allergic reaction. CONCLUSIONS: There exists a possibility that a patient may experience an allergic reaction to spinal cord stimulator components. Recognition of such contact sensitivity is important for physicians implanting such devices. patients may be misdiagnosed as having infections, which can delay appropriate management; definitive diagnosis can be confirmed with a patch test. Treatment consists of removal of such devices.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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2/21. An unusual reaction in muscle in association with vitallium plate: a report of possible metal hypersensitivity.

    A case is reported in which fractures of the radius and ulna were fixed with vitallium plates and screws. Seven years later a painful swelling appeared over the extensor aspect of the forearm. After eight years sarcoma was suspected and a pale tumour infiltrating muscle was found at operation. However, the histology excluded neoplasia and showed massive fibrosis and patchy necrosis of muscle, with chronic inflammatory changes peripherally. After the removal of the metal the swelling disappeared. A sinus down to the ulna followed operation and was not cured two years later. At this stage standard patch testing showed skin sensitivity to cobalt. Metal sensitivity is proposed as the cause of this extraordinary reaction in muscle.
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ranking = 1.0126479674333
keywords = patch test, patch
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3/21. Metal allergy to stainless steel wire after coronary artery bypass grafting.

    To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a manganese metal allergy to stainless steel wire. A 51-year-old man suffered from a refractory pruritic erythematous wheal after the insertion of a stainless steel wire. The patch test showed strong reactions to manganese, one of the constituents of stainless steel wire. After the removal of all stainless steel wires, the symptoms were much improved, except for mild pruritus on his face.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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4/21. CD4 T-lymphocyte-induced Epstein-Barr virus reactivation in a patient with severe hypersensitivity to mosquito bites and Epstein-Barr virus-infected NK cell lymphocytosis.

    BACKGROUND: Natural killer (NK) cell lymphocytosis associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection often shows severe hypersensitivity to mosquito bites (HMB) characterized by intense local skin reactions and systemic symptoms such as high fever, lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly. However, the induction mechanism of HMB is still unclear. OBSERVATIONS: We investigated a typical case of HMB with EBV-positive NK cell lymphocytosis. CD4 T cells dominantly infiltrated the site of the mosquito bite, while EBV-positive cells were few in comparison. CD4 T cells, but not CD8 T cells or NK cells, responded to the mosquito salivary gland extracts. Interestingly, coculturing of the NK cells and CD4 T cells activated by mosquito extracts induced expression of EBV lytic-cycle proteins in the NK cells. Furthermore, the expression of BZLF1, a viral lytic-cycle transactivator, was detectable at the skin lesion induced by scratch patch testing with mosquito extract. The EBV dna copy number levels in the plasma were elevated in systemic HMB symptoms compared with the normal condition. CONCLUSIONS: CD4 T cells are important for the primary skin reaction to mosquito bites and might play a key role in reactivation of latent EBV infection in NK cells. This viral reactivation contributed to the pathogenesis of the infectious mononucleosis-like systemic symptoms of HMB in our present case.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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5/21. Mental nerve paresthesia associated with an adhesive resin restoration: a case report.

    A case is reported in which mental nerve paresthesia was associated with an adhesive resin restoration placed in direct contact with the pulp of a mandibular molar. The restoration was removed, and the paresthesia had completely resolved after nonsurgical endodontic therapy. Epicutaneous patch testing response indicated a possible causal relationship between the filling material and paresthesia.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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6/21. Allergic bronchopulmonary fungal disease caused by saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    We describe a patient who presented with dry cough, low-grade fever, and focal patchy shadow of pulmonary infiltrates. Remarkably, the prospective etiological agent, saccharomyces cerevisiae was purely and repeatedly cultured from her sputum. Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) was diagnosed based on clinical, serological, and pathological criteria. Although the patient described here satisfied only three of the criteria, the conclusion that the allergic bronchopulmonary disease in our case was induced by S. cerevisiae was made based on the following evidence: 1) S. cerevisiae was repeatedly isolated from the patient's sputum, 2) anti-S. cerevisiae antibody was detected in her serum, and 3) bronchoprovocation test to S. cerevisiae antigen was positive. We present here a case of allergic bronchopulmonary fungal disease caused by S. cerevisiae antigen.
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ranking = 0.012647967433264
keywords = patch
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7/21. Dramatic healing of an allergic corneal ulcer persistent for 6 months by amniotic membrane patching in a patient with atopic keratoconjunctivitis: a case report.

    PURPOSE: To present a case of allergic corneal ulcer in a patient with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) that was persistent for 6 months and healed by amniotic membrane patching. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old male patient with a corneal ulcer associated with AKC persistent for 6 months despite conventional treatment underwent amniotic membrane patching. On removal of the amniotic membrane patch after 1 week, the corneal ulcer that had been persistent for 6 months had healed completely. CONCLUSION: We experienced a case with corneal ulcer that was persistent for 6 months and healed dramatically within 1 week with improved vision and corneal clarity. In such severe and persistent cases requiring rapid epithelialization, amniotic membrane should be considered as an adjunct to conventional therapy.
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ranking = 0.088535772032846
keywords = patch
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8/21. Type IV hypersensitivity reactions to upper lid gold weight implants-is patch testing necessary?

    AIMS: To report two cases of allergic reaction to upper lid gold weight implants in patients with facial nerve palsy and to identify the use of pre-implantation patch testing in predicting gold hypersensitivity. methods: One patient who had a positive family history of gold allergy and had undergone previous gold dental restoration underwent patch testing with gold sodium thiosulphate.The gold weight from the same patient was analysed using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis, which can detect surface impurities. Tissue obtained during surgery to remove the gold weight from the second patient was examined histologically. RESULTS: Patch testing in the first patient gave a positive result. Analysis of the gold weight removed from the same patient confirmed 99.99% purity, and hence sensitivity to the gold itself was considered to be the cause of the inflammatory reaction. histology of tissue taken from the eyelid of the second patient was consistent with type IV hypersensitivity. CONCLUSION: A personal and family history of gold allergy should be looked for before upper eyelid gold weight implantation. Patch testing should be performed for patients where there is doubt about whether gold has been the specific cause of previous allergic reactions, for patients who have undergone previous dental restoration involving gold, or if there is a positive family history of gold allergy.
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ranking = 6
keywords = patch test, patch
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9/21. Allergic contact dermatitis to nickel in children with atopic dermatitis.

    We report two atopic boys with allergic contact dermatitis to nickel. Both children had early onset of atopic dermatitis and subsequently presented with infraumbilical dermatitis corresponding to the site of contact with metal snaps. A positive patch test response to 2.5% nickel sulfate in petrolatum was observed in both boys. Allergic contact dermatitis in patients with atopic dermatitis is not uncommon and probably occurs more often than recognized.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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10/21. Cinnamic aldehyde in toothpaste. 1. Clinical aspects and patch tests.

    Although cinnamon is known to cause dermatitis in bakers and confectioners, it has only rarely been reported as causing trouble in food or cosmetics. A newly-formulated 'spicy' toothpaste containing cinnamon as a flavouring agent was the cause of oral symptoms in eight patients referred to clinics in Buckinghamshire and in Malmo and in a further eight patients discovered subsequently. Similar symptoms and patch test results were observed independently at both centres. Positive reactions were obtained with 1% cinnamic aldehyde in 15 out of 16 patients tested. Only one patient reacted to a standard sample of balsam of peru (25% in petrolatum).
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ranking = 5
keywords = patch test, patch
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