Cases reported "Hypertension, Portal"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/107. TIPS allowing for an endoscopic mucosal resection of early gastric cancer in a cirrhotic patient with severe hypertensive gastropathy: report of a case.

    This report describes the use of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in a cirrhotic patient with early gastric cancer, presenting with gastroesophageal varices and severe hypertensive gastropathy, in order to perform an endoscopic mucosal resection. The patient first underwent a TIPS to reduce the hypertensive gastropathy and thereafter was successfully treated by an endoscopic mucosal resection. Owing to the high operative risk, the treatment of gastric cancer in cirrhotic patients needs to be individualized. New procedures such as TIPS and an endoscopic mucosal resection may be useful in selected high-risk patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/107. Management of peri-operative pulmonary hypertension in a patient presenting for a portosystemic shunt.

    We report the successful management of intra-operative pulmonary hypertension in a patient with mitral valve insufficiency and portal hypertension. A 48-year-old male with portal hypertension presented for a portosystemic shunt. Previously undiagnosed mitral valve insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension complicated his anaesthetic management. His intra-operative course was marked by systolic hypotension, pulmonary hypertension and a reduction in cardiac output. The use of nitric oxide in this patient reduced right ventricular afterload, increased cardiac output, without exacerbating pre-existing systolic hypotension.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/107. Ovarian hyperthecosis in the setting of portal hypertension.

    Hepatocellular dysfunction and perturbed portal hemodynamics alter steroid metabolism. Men with liver disease have gynecomastia, although women similarly affected rarely show virilization. We report a 10-yr-old girl with portal hypertension and shunting associated with precocious puberty and ovarian hyperandrogenism. This was one of premature twin girls; neither had clitoromegaly or genital ambiguity. In one child, neonatal respiratory problems led to umbilical vein catheterization with subsequent development of portal hypertension. Pubic hair was first noted at age 6 yr, breasts at 7 yr, and severe acne and clitoromegaly at 10 yr. Baseline sex hormones were elevated: androstenedione (A), 413 ng/dL; testosterone (T), 226 ng/dL; and estradiol (E2), 160 pg/mL. Liver transaminases were within the normal range, however, the coagulation profile was mildly abnormal. cosyntropin adrenal stimulation revealed no steroidogenic defect. dexamethasone suppression reduced A and T slightly. LH-releasing hormone stimulation produced a pubertal rise in LH and FSH. Pelvic sonography showed a large right ovary with numerous follicles. Surgical exploration revealed symmetrically enlarged ovaries with dense capsules. histology of ovarian wedge resections showed hyperthecosis; immunohistochemistry showed stromal cells expressing steroidogenic enzymes and proteins. One month postoperatively, A and T were unchanged from baseline, whereas E2 decreased to 56 pg/mL. A single dose of depot leuprolide acetate significantly reduced T. Subsequent treatment with oral contraceptives reduced T to 50 ng/dL, and cyclical menses occurred. We conclude that precocious puberty and ovarian hyperthecosis were induced in this young girl by elevated circulating levels of sex hormones, a consequence of portasystemic shunting and impaired hepatic steroid metabolism.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/107. Portosystemic shunting in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis: a good risk disease.

    Five patients with primary biliary cirrhosis underwent portosystemic shunting for the control of variceal bleeding. Three procedures were emergencies and two were elective. There was no operative mortality; all patients were followed until the present or until death. One patient is alive 4 years and another, 2 years postoperatively. One patient died 4 years after operation and another died 16 months postoperatively. Another patient survived for 8 years following her shunt and eventually died as a result of a cerebrovascular accident. This group of patients is compared to a larger group undergoing portosystemic shunting because of portal hypertension secondary to other forms of liver disease. The absence of operative mortality and the fact that several of these patients had moderately long postoperative survival despite apparently poor liver function suggest that the usual criteria for the assessment of operative risk are not valid in primary biliary cirrhosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/107. Laparoscopic splenectomy for the treatment of gastric varices secondary to sinistral portal hypertension.

    Portal hypertension presents significant challenges to the laparoscopic surgeon. Here we review the case of a successful laparoscopic splenectomy in a patient with sinistral portal hypertension. The value of preoperative splenic artery embolization is highlighted.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/107. The treatment of portal hypertension by videolaparoscopy in situs inversus totalis.

    A rare case of a 32-year-old male with situs inversus totalis viscerum admitted to hospital for hematemesis owing to portal hypertension of Laennec cirrhosis was treated for the first time by videolaparoscopic surgery. situs inversus diagnosis was confirmed by thoracic radiography, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, abdominal echography and computed tomography. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed esophageal varices and large varices in the fundus of the stomach. A successful operation (azygo-portal disconnection, splenic artery ligation without splenectomy; transesophageal suturing of esophageal varices without opening the esophagus and cholecystectomy), was performed by videolaparoscopy. The uneventful postoperative evolution (4-day hospitalization) reinforces the viability of the videolaparoscopic approach and the possibility of the application of this procedure even to situs inversus totalis organorum.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/107. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt performed in a 2-year-old infant with uncontrollable intestinal bleeding.

    Although transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is widely accepted in adults, there have been few successful reports in infants. The authors describe a 2-year-old boy with postoperative biliary atresia who underwent TIPS for uncontrollable lower intestinal bleeding and achieved hemostasis. Massive melena developed, which was not controlled by conservative therapy and devascularization. A shunt was created between the right hepatic vein and the right portal vein with a 6- x 50-mm Wallstent. After TIPS, the porto-systemic pressure gradient decreased from 15 to 11 mm Hg, and collaterals markedly reduced. He has not had recurrent bleeding for over 7 months. TIPS may be a technically feasible and effective treatment to control intestinal bleeding in infants. However, further experience and long-term follow-up will be required.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/107. Splenoadrenal shunt. An original portosystemic decompressive technique.

    Management of gastrointestinal hemorrhage from rupture of esophageal and gastric varices due to portal hypertension remains a debated question. In patients with sclerotherapy-resistant esophagogastric varices, and preserved hepatic function, a surgical shunt is considered the treatment of choice. A 63-year-old male was admitted in our Department with a diagnosis of idiopathic fibrosis of the liver, portal hypertension, esophageal and gastric varices and previous history of variceal bleeding. A distal splenorenal shunt was planned. During the isolation, a large diameter left adrenal vein was identified. An end-to-end anastomosis utilizing the distal splenic vein and the proximal adrenal stump was performed. The procedure was uneventful. An ultrasound color-Doppler on the 3rd postoperative day, showed normal intrasplenic resistance index, demonstrating the efficacy of the shunt. A splenic angiography carried out on the 8th postoperative day showed the complete patency of the splenoadrenal shunt. At the 15th postoperative day, the patient was discharged. In patients with portal hypertension, sclerotherapy-resistant esophagogastric varices and preserved hepatic function, a surgical portosystemic shunt is mandatory. Splenoadrenal shunt, utilizing a left adrenal vein represent an excellent option in selected cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/107. Orthotopic liver transplantation in a patient with severe portopulmonary hypertension.

    liver transplantation in patients with severe portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) has been associated with mortality rates in the range of 70% to 80%. Preoperative long-term epoprostenol therapy reverses pulmonary hypertension and may be a valuable possibility to reduce mortality in patients with severe PPH undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. We want to report a patient with severe PPH, who was treated with intravenous epoprostenol for an 8-month period, after which pulmonary vascular resistance had decreased from 12 to 3 wood units. Nevertheless, the patient developed intractable perioperative right heart failure necessitating transient mechanical circulatory support. The patient was weaned from mechanical circulatory support, but died from another episode of acute right heart failure after 28 days. Complicated liver transplantation associated with major cardiovascular stress is obviously not tolerated in patients with severe portopulmonary hypertension even after preoperative long-term epoprostenol therapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/107. Recurrent portopulmonary hypertension after liver transplantation: management with epoprostenol and resolution after retransplantation.

    We report a case of portopulmonary hypertension in which the pulmonary hypertension resolved after initial orthotopic liver transplantation. Portopulmonary hypertension recurred when the transplanted liver failed and again resolved after a second liver transplantation. Intravenous epoprostenol was administered perioperatively to control the pulmonary hypertension in both instances.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Hypertension, Portal'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.