Cases reported "Hyphema"

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1/6. Late traumatic wound dehiscence after phacoemulsification.

    Scars from scleral tunnel or clear corneal incisions for phacoemulsification should theoretically be stronger than the larger incisions of planned extracapsular cataract extraction. They should also be more resistant to blunt trauma. We present a case of scleral tunnel wound dehiscence and expulsion of a posterior chamber silicone intraocular lens after blunt trauma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phacoemulsification
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2/6. Transient intraocular pressure elevation after trabeculotomy and its occurrence with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation.

    PURPOSE: To elucidate the characterization of intraocular pressure (IOP) spike after trabeculotomy, and after the combined procedure of phacoemulsification and aspiration (PEA) and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. methods: Included in this study were 39 patients (53 eyes) with primary open-angle glaucoma with IOPs uncontrolled even with anti-glaucoma medication. We conducted a retrospective study for the following two groups: patients who underwent trabeculotomy alone (25 eyes) and patients undergoing trabeculotomy combined with PEA and implantation of an IOL (28 eyes). RESULTS: In 7 (28%) of the 25 eyes after trabeculotomy alone and 7 (25%) of the 28 eyes after the combined procedure, transient IOP elevation was found postoperatively. The incidence of hyphema-related IOP spike was significantly higher in eyes after trabeculotomy alone (16%) than after the combined procedure (0%). After removal of the blood present in the anterior chamber in eyes with hyphema-related IOP spikes, the IOP levels were well controlled. CONCLUSIONS: hyphema-related IOP spike is one of the common complications in eyes after trabeculotomy alone, and the combined procedure decreases the incidence of this complication. It is thought that removal of prolonged massive hyphema is effective as treatment for hyphema-related IOP spike.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phacoemulsification
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3/6. Bleeding during gonioscopy after deep sclerectomy.

    PURPOSE: To show a new complication after deep sclerectomy (DS). methods: We described two eyes of two patients with open-angle glaucoma and cataract who were operated on of an uneventful phacoemulsification and DS with SK-gel implantation. RESULTS: Bleeding during gonioscopic examination occurred in both eyes 7 and 8 months after combined surgery. The blood originated from the vessels around the Descemet window, and was probably due to manipulation or rocking of the goniolens. Pressure was immediately applied to the gonioscopic lens and the hyphema was interrupted. CONCLUSION: These cases show the presence of new vessels around the Descemet window after DS with SK-gel. Bleeding from the Descemet window vessels can occur during gonioscopy even months after DS. We recommend conducting a careful gonioscopic examination in patients who have undergone DS to avoid this complication.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = phacoemulsification
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4/6. Total iris expulsion through a sutureless cataract incision due to vomiting.

    PURPOSE: To present a case of isolated total iris expulsion through a self-sealing cataract incision 2 weeks postoperatively due to vomiting. methods: Ophthalmological examination included visual acuity assessment, tonometry, slit-lamp examination, fundus ophthalmoscopy and ultrasound examination. RESULTS: A 65-year-old woman experienced sudden visual loss during an episode of vigorous vomiting 2 weeks after uncomplicated phacoemulsification cataract surgery with a sutureless corneal incision. Clinical examination showed a dense anterior chamber haemorrhage. When the blood had cleared, isolated total aniridia was seen. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first reported case of aniridia after cataract surgery due to vomiting.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = phacoemulsification
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5/6. Late hyphema after small incision cataract surgery.

    A 68-year-old patient presented with a spontaneous hyphema 11 months after successful small incision cataract surgery. There was evidence of neovascularization of the wound. The intraocular lens was sequestered in the capsular bag within an intact capsulorhexis. Wound neovascularization as a complication of cataract surgery has become extremely rare with the increase in the popularity of the corneal incision for extracapsular cataract surgery. But the complication could become more common with the return to scleral incisions for phacoemulsification. Precise wound construction is necessary to avoid this complication.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = phacoemulsification
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6/6. Posterior capsule rupture by blunt ocular trauma.

    A patient with posterior lens capsule rupture caused by blunt trauma and in whom the anterior capsule and the remainder of the eyeball structure was intact had phacoemulsification and aspiration of the crystalline lens with implantation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens. Further rupture of the capsule was prevented by the fibrosis, which tightened the margin of the ruptured capsule. This case shows that blunt trauma can rupture the posterior lens capsule, leaving the anterior capsule intact.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = phacoemulsification
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