Cases reported "Hypotension"

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1/892. Induction of a critical elevation of povidone-iodine absorption in the treatment of a burn patient: report of a case.

    A critical elevation of povidone-iodine absorption which occurred in a burn patient who was topically treated with 10% povidone-iodine (PI) gel is herein reported. A 65-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for deep second- and third-degree burns covering 26% of his total body surface area. The intravenous administration with lactated Ringer's solution and topical treatment with silver sulfadiazine were applied in addition to such treatments as debridement and skin grafting. However, wound infection occurred due to pseudomonas aeruginosa. Topical treatment with PI gel was effective for this condition. Persistent nodal bradycardia with hypotension, metabolic acidosis, and renal failure occurred 16 days after the start of PI gel treatment. Iodine toxicosis caused by PI gel was suspected with a serum iodine level of 20600 microg/dl (normal range 2-9 microg/dl). The PI gel treatment was therefore discontinued immediately, and hemodialysis was scheduled. However, the patient's family refused hemodialysis and he died 44 days after admission. To our knowledge, only eight patients with iodine toxicosis have been reported in burn patients treated with PI gel. ( info)

2/892. Unusual cause of intraoperative hypotension diagnosed with transoesophageal echocardiography in a patient with renal cell carcinoma.

    Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is not commonly used in the management of non-cardiac cases. We report a case where the use of TOE played a major role in the intraoperative diagnosis and subsequent management of a patient exhibiting severe hypotension whilst undergoing a nephrectomy. The rare diagnosis of a secondary intraventricular tumour would not have been evident with more conventional monitoring techniques. ( info)

3/892. Fatal cardiac ischaemia associated with prolonged desflurane anaesthesia and administration of exogenous catecholamines.

    PURPOSE: Four cardiac ischaemic events are reported during and after prolonged anaesthesia with desflurane. CLINICAL FEATURES: We have evaluated desflurane in 21 consecutive patients undergoing advanced head and neck reconstructive surgery. Four deaths occurred which were associated with cardiac ischaemic syndromes either during or immediately after operation. All patients in the study received a similar anaesthetic. This comprised induction with propofol and maintenance with alfentanil and desflurane in oxygen-enriched air. Inotropic support (either dopamine or dobutamine in low dose, 5 was provided as part of the anaesthetic technique in all patients. Critical cardiovascular incidents were observed in each of the four patients during surgery. These were either sudden bradycardia or tachycardia associated with ST-segment electrocardiographic changes. The four patients who died had a documented past history of coronary heart disease and were classified American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) II or III. One patient (#2) did not survive anaesthesia and surgery and the three others died on the first, second and twelfth postoperative days. Enzyme increases (CK/CK-MB) were available in three patients and confirmed myocardial ischaemia. CONCLUSION: These cases represent an unexpected increase in the immediate postoperative mortality for these types of patients and this anaesthetic sequence. ( info)

4/892. hypotension, bradycardia, and asystole after high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone in a monitored patient.

    We report a case of hypotension, bradycardia, and asystole after intravenous administration of high-dose methylprednisolone in a 73-year-old patient who underwent electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring throughout the episode. There was a history of ischemic cardiac disease 9 years earlier. The patient was admitted with a pulmonary-renal syndrome with hemoptysis, rapidly progressive renal failure, and hypoxemia that required mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit. After receiving advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the patient recovered cardiac rhythm. The ECG showed a junctional rhythm without ventricular arrhythmia. This study reviews the current proposed mechanisms of sudden death after a high dose of intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP). These mechanisms are not well understood because, in most cases, the patients were not monitored at the moment of the event. Rapid infusion and underlying cardiac disease were important risk factors in the case reported here, and the authors discount ventricular arrhythmia as the main mechanism. ( info)

5/892. Primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty performed for acute myocardial infarction in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    A 72-year-old female with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) complained of severe chest pain. electrocardiography showed ST-segment depression and negative T wave in I, aVL and V4-6. Following a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), urgent coronary angiography revealed 99% organic stenosis with delayed flow in the proximal segment and 50% in the middle segment of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Subsequently, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for the stenosis in the proximal LAD was performed. In the coronary care unit, her blood pressure dropped. Hematomas around the puncture sites were observed and the platelet count was 28,000/mm3. After transfusion, electrocardiography revealed ST-segment elevation in I, aVL and V1-6. Urgent recatheterization disclosed total occlusion in the middle segment of the LAD. Subsequently, PTCA was performed successfully. Then, intravenous immunoglobulin increased the platelet count and the bleeding tendency disappeared. A case of AMI with ITP is rare. The present case suggests that primary PTCA can be a useful therapeutic strategy, but careful attention must be paid to hemostasis and to managing the platelet count. ( info)

6/892. Hypotensive response to captopril: a potential pitfall of scintigraphic assessment for renal artery stenosis.

    A characteristic pattern seen on captopril renography is described that is due to systemic hypotensive response. Most patients with these findings on captopril renography do not receive renal artery angiograms in our clinic because it is usually recognized. However, this pattern has received little attention in the medical literature and may be misinterpreted as being due to physiologically significant renal artery hypertension. methods: Over the last 3 y, renal artery angiograms were performed on three patients with systemic hypotensive response pattern on captopril renography. This allowed a unique opportunity to correlate the results of the captopril renogram with the renal artery angiograms in this patient population. captopril renography was performed with a glomerular filtration agent, diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), and a tubular agent, o-iodohipurate (OIH). RESULTS: renal artery angiograms showed no evidence of renal artery stenosis in three patients with systemic hypotensive response pattern on captopril renography. Systemic hypotension on captopril renograms results in preserved uptake of both DTPA and OIH and hyperconcentration in the cortex and collecting system. CONCLUSION: The systemic hypotensive response pattern seen on captopril renography is a distinctive pattern that does not represent physiologically significant renal artery stenosis. ( info)

7/892. Uremic autonomic neuropathy: evaluation of ephedrine sulphate therapy for hemodialysis-induced hypotension.

    The hemodynamic response to ephedrine sulphate were studied in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis therapy with chronic renal failure due to renal amyloidosis. The evaluation (including cardiac catheterization studies) and estimation of responses to Valsalva maneuvers before and after ephedrine administration documented the diagnosis of autonomic insufficiency. Oral ephedrine failed to influence the episodes of severe dialysis-induced hypotension. Also the patient did not benefit from the infusion of Aramine. These studies suggest that catecholamine stores of adrenergic nerves may be depleted in uremic patients with clinical signs of autonomic neuropathy. ( info)

8/892. Anoxic-hypotensive brain injury: neuropsychological performance at 1 month as an indicator of recovery.

    DESIGN: This case control study included assessments at 3 and 8 weeks post brain injury. Controls were the non-brain injured subjects whose normative data has been published for neuropsychological measures. Data and medical information were obtained with informed consent. OBJECTIVE: This study explored cognitive sequella of anoxic-hypotensive brain injury following cardiac arrest in a 49 year old man with high premorbid function. RESULTS: Improvement was noted at 3 weeks post-injury. By 8 weeks neuropsychological test scores including verbal and visual memory were in the normal range, although they were likely to be lower than premorbid levels. CONCLUSIONS: Relatively good cognitive function within the first month post-anoxia likely indicates improved recovery and benefit from continued rehabilitation. Despite initial presentation, steep recovery curves can be found among survivors of anoxia with eventual return to independent function including driving/child care and return to gainful employment. rehabilitation teams are encouraged to remember that good cognitive function is not predicted by initial Glasgow coma Scores, but may be predicted by return of recall memory during the first month post-anoxic event. Serial cognitive screens can identify individuals with the potential for better recovery. ( info)

9/892. Severe anaphylaxis after a chlorhexidine bath.

    anaphylaxis to chlorhexidine is rare. We report a patient who experienced anaphylaxis during a whole body bath with chlorhexidine. Early signs of a type I allergy may have been masked because of previous concomitant treatment with corticosteroids and PUVA. ( info)

10/892. Congenital paraplegia following maternal hypotension.

    Congenital paraplegia, with partial improvement over the first months of life, occurred in a female neonate born at 35 weeks' gestation, whose mother had suffered hypotension and hypoxaemia due to anaphylaxis 12 weeks earlier. Our patient subsequently had an acute encephalopathy during a respiratory illness with later developmental delay. We speculate that the baby's paraplegia resulted from spinal-cord ischaemia in utero. The aim of this report is to describe the spinal presentation. ( info)
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