Cases reported "iga deficiency"

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1/189. Selective antibody deficiency to bacterial polysaccharide antigens in patients with netherton syndrome.

    Three patients with netherton syndrome, recurrent sinopulmonary infections, and humoral immune deficiency are described. Although quantitative serum immunoglobulin levels were generally normal, two patients had selective antibody deficiency to bacterial polysaccharide antigens, one associated with IgA-IgG-2 deficiency. A third patient had an antibody deficiency to protein antigens. This is the first report, to our knowledge, that describes antibody deficiency in patients with netherton syndrome. This finding demonstrates the importance of evaluating functional antibody responses to both protein and bacterial polysaccharide antigens and not relying on IgG subclass determination. ( info)

2/189. fucosidosis: immunological studies and chronological neuroradiological changes.

    A 3.5-y-old boy of Arabic origin had the clinical features of both type 1 and type 2 fucosidosis, consistent with an intermediate form of the disease. The activity of his leucocyte alpha L-fucosidase was absent. He presented with recurrent sinopulmonary infection and otitis media in addition to paronychia and a periapical dental abscess. Investigation of his systemic immune function did not reveal a significant underlying defect, but subtle abnormalities, particularly of antibody production and secretory IgA, cannot be excluded. The cranial magnetic resonance images showed periventricular and subcortical white matter abnormalities and mild cortical atrophy in addition to globus pallidus changes. ( info)

3/189. The transfusion needs of an autologous bone marrow transplant patient with iga deficiency.

    BACKGROUND: Transfusion management of the patient who is undergoing a marrow or peripheral blood stem and progenitor cell transplantation is often challenging. The situation is further complicated when the patient is IgA deficient with circulating anti-IgA. CASE REPORT: This report describes an approach to transfusion therapy primarily using red cells washed by automated techniques and cryopreserved autologous plateletpheresis components. Additional platelet support was provided with manually washed allogeneic plateletpheresis components. Autologous fresh-frozen plasma was collected concurrently, and IgA-deficient allogeneic units were ordered and kept in storage, but they were not needed during transplantation. The patient experienced no transfusion sequelae as a result of the iga deficiency. CONCLUSION: With this approach, the transfusion needs of an IgA-deficient patient were adequately met during bone marrow transplantation. ( info)

4/189. Lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantilis in a 4-year-old Caucasian girl: association with partial iga deficiency and autoantibodies.

    We report the third case of lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis outside East asia. A 4-year-old Caucasian girl developed an area of bluish erythema on the left side of the lower abdomen which spread centrifugally to the umbilical and inguinal areas with depression of the skin resulting from the loss of subcutaneous fat, surrounded by an erythematous border. This unusual skin disease was characterized by clinical and histological examination. Laboratory tests revealed a partial iga deficiency, antinuclear antibodies and IgG antibodies against gliadin. ( info)

5/189. Reversible total iga deficiency associated with phenytoin treatment.

    A 55-y-old male developed long-standing upper respiratory symptoms during phenytoin treatment of epileptic fits. Complete lack of serum IgA was noted repeatedly. Following replacement of phenytoin, normal IgA levels were found and a slow improvement in respiratory symptoms occurred. Immunoglobulin deficiency, in particular low levels of IgA, are not uncommon among phenytoin treated subjects. The occurrence of frequent respiratory infections in such patients justifies the investigation of immunoglobulin levels. ( info)

6/189. nephrotic syndrome in a patient with iga deficiency-associated mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis.

    A case of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in a 55-year-old woman with selective iga deficiency and serum antinuclear antibodies who presented with nephrotic syndrome is described. The patient did not have clinical or laboratory features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) other than antinuclear antibodies. histology of the patient's renal biopsy revealed a mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis and direct immunofluorescence showed that paramesangial deposits contained predominant IgM with lesser IgG, C3 and C1q. These findings are identical to those previously described in a form of glomerulonephritis associated with iga deficiency and would be atypical for lupus nephritis. glomerulonephritis is not a well recognized complication of iga deficiency, though it has been rarely reported in the literature. This case provides further evidence that iga deficiency is associated with a unique immune complex-mediated glomerulopathy with characteristic immunopathological and ultrastructural features. It is the first reported case to present with nephrotic syndrome. ( info)

7/189. Evolution of iga deficiency to IgG subclass deficiency and common variable immunodeficiency.

    FIRST REPORT: male child with repeated pulmonary infections from the age of 4 months. He was diagnosed as iga deficiency (undetectable IgA levels) at the age of 3 years, when he presented repeated bouts of pneumonia and tonsillitis. Several immunologic evaluations were made between the ages of 4 months and 8 years. At 8 years and 9 months, the diagnosis of iga deficiency was confirmed, and associated IgG2 and IgG4 deficiency (29.0 mg/dl y 0.01 mg/dl) with normal total IgG serum level was found. With the administration of intravenous gammaglobulin, the lung infections remitted and the subsequent clinical course has been uneventful up to now. SECOND REPORT: a boy with repeated infections since the age of 2 months. iga deficiency was diagnosed at 1 year 7 months (undetectable serum IgA levels). At age 51/2 years, his clinical course worsened and more serious infections appeared. A new immunologic study revealed iga deficiency associated with CD4 cell deficiency (432 cells/mm3) and normal CD3, CD19, and CD8 levels. Despite intensive antibiotic treatment and care, the child died. The findings suggest an association of iga deficiency and common variable immunodeficiency. ( info)

8/189. sarcoidosis and common variable immunodeficiency. A case of a malignant course of sarcoidosis in conjunction with severe impairment of the cellular and humoral immune system.

    The occurrence of sarcoidosis in combination with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) has been described in a small number of patients. In these patients, sarcoidosis consisted of lymphadenopathy, mild to moderate pulmonary involvement and hepatosplenomegaly. However, severe and rapidly progressive pulmonary fibrosis in combination with a severe defect of the cellular and humoral immune system has not been described yet. In our patient, defects of the T and B cell system resulted in severe immunodeficiency. The defect of the humoral immune system was characterized by the impairment of specific antibody production in vivo. In addition, hypogammaglobulinemia with missing IgA and IgE along with a marked defect in IgM and IgG production was noted. There was a progressively reduced lymphocyte proliferation in response to T cell mitogens, while proliferation after specific IL-2 stimulation was normal. A Th1 lymphocyte-subset-like profile might thus play a role in the pathogenesis and might form the connecting link between sarcoidosis and CVID. This is the report of a so far new and unique combination of severe immunodeficiency and sarcoidosis also associated with a congenital dysmorphia consisting of a palatal cleft. The findings of the 40 patients with CVID and sarcoidosis reported so far are discussed in order to point out the typical features of patients with this uncommon syndrome. ( info)

9/189. Myelin widenings and MGUS-IgA: an immunoelectron microscopic study.

    A few studies have reported a variety of nonspecific histological lesions in patients with IgA monoclonal gammopathies and polyneuropathy. In our case, using electron microscopy, we observed widenings of the myelin lamellae identical to those commonly described in IgM neuropathies with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein activity. Using immunoelectron microscopy, we demonstrated a direct involvement of IgA in myelin lesions. The search for a direct link between monoclonal dysglobulinemia, regardless of type, and polyneuropathy is important and may influence treatment. ( info)

10/189. Simultaneous peripubertal onset of multireactive autoimmune diseases with an unusual long-lasting remission of type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    Although it is well known that patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus are susceptible to other autoimmune diseases, the simultaneous occurrence of clustered distinct autoimmune diseases is uncommon. We report a 16-year-old girl, previously diagnosed as having coeliac disease and iga deficiency, who at 13 years of age developed a clustering of distinct autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and euthyroid autoimmune thyroiditis, eventually resulting in a simultaneous long-term remission. The clinical picture was associated with a functional immunodeficiency characterized by a defect in proliferative responses to T cell predominant mitogens and a normal response to the B cell predominant mitogen. In addition, the T cell activation markers HLA-DR, IL-2 receptor and transferrin receptor) were not upregulated. The clinical course of this immunodeficiency paralleled the outcome of the autoimmune diseases. After the abrupt onset, spontaneous clinical remission of both diabetes mellitus and RA was observed. insulin was first reduced in dose and then discontinued completely at 15 months, in the presence of normal C peptide secretion and normal metabolic control (HbA1c 5.8%). Anti-glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65) and anti-IA-2 antibodies remained persistently high. During the remission phase a normalization of the functional immune defect was observed. The gradual resolution of the multisystemic diseases as well as the normalization of immune function in our patient is unusual. This case may be of considerable value in furthering our knowledge of the immunological mechanisms implicated in these rare multireactive syndromes. ( info)
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