Cases reported "Ileal Diseases"

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1/98. Enterovesical fistula complicating pregnancy. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Enterovesical fistula is a rare cause of recurrent urinary tract infections. This condition is unusual in young people as common etiologies include diverticular disease and cancer. When an enterovesical fistula occurs in women of childbearing age, Crohn's disease is a likely cause. To our knowledge, enterovesical fistula complicating pregnancy has not been reported before. CASE: A pregnant woman with recurrent urinary tract infections was evaluated. cystoscopy was suggestive of an enterovesical fistula, which was confirmed by charcoaluria following oral charcoal administration. The prenatal course was complicated by two episodes of hemorrhagic cystitis despite antibiotic prophylaxis. The patient had an uncomplicated term spontaneous vaginal delivery. An upper gastrointestinal series performed postpartum was suggestive of Crohn's disease and confirmed an enterovesical fistula. Surgical repair was successfully performed three months following delivery, revealing Crohn's disease. CONCLUSION: Enterovesical fistula may be an unusual cause of recurrent urinary tract infections in pregnancy. In this case, enterovesical fistula was the presenting symptom of Crohn's disease.
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keywords = fistula
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2/98. Laparoscopic ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease associated with intestinal stenosis and ileorectal fistula.

    Although a complete remission of Crohn's disease can be induced by conservative therapy, surgical treatment is often required for patients with intestinal stenosis or fistulas, for whom minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery appears to be most appropriate. We herein report on a 26-year-old patient with Crohn's disease, who presented with an ileorectal fistula and severe stenosis of the terminal ileum and thus underwent laparoscopic surgery. The ileorectal fistula was divided intracorporeally using an autostapling device. The return to full activity after laparoscopic surgery is earlier than after open surgery, and the former approach is often beneficial for some patients with Crohn's disease. This is the first report of laparoscopic surgery for Crohn's disease associated with ileorectal fistula.
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ranking = 0.72727272727273
keywords = fistula
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3/98. Ovarian carcinoma with fistula formation to the sigmoid colon and ileum: report of a case.

    We describe herein an extremely rare case of clear cell type ovarian carcinoma resulting in fistula formation into the colon and intestine. The patient was a 61-year-old woman in whom a large tumor with extravasation from the sigmoid colon was found by barium enema examination. The tumor was preoperatively diagnosed as left ovarian cancer by angiography which showed the tumor feeder arising from the left ovarian and uterine arteries.
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ranking = 0.45454545454545
keywords = fistula
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4/98. Arteriointestinal fistula: report of a case following surgery for trauma.

    A case of an arteriointestinal fistula following surgery for trauma is reported. In prevention of this complication, it is suggested that temporary ileostomy and mucous fistula be considered in cases of combined right colon and intra-abdominal vascular injuries to eliminate a leaking bowel anastomosis as a source of contamination of the vascular repair.
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ranking = 0.54545454545455
keywords = fistula
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5/98. Laparoscopic aortic injury leading to delayed aortoenteric fistula: an alternative technique for repair.

    Complications of laparoscopic procedures occur in up to 10% of cases. The most lethal complication relates to injury of major retroperitoneal vascular structures. A case of aortoenteric fistula referred to the vascular surgical service 1 month following emergency repair of laparoscopic aortic injury is presented. A technique utilizing a saphenous vein panel graft for distal aortic repair is described. review of reported cases demonstrates that major retroperitoneal vascular injury during laparoscopy is rare, with a reported incidence of 3 to 10/10,000 procedures, and a mortality of up to 20%. Simple suture repair is the usual form of treatment, but specialized techniques are occasionally required.
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ranking = 0.45454545454545
keywords = fistula
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6/98. Ileocecal ulcer with a cecocecal fistula in Behcet's disease.

    We describe a case of Behcet's disease (BD) which showed the ileocecal ulcer and cecocecal fistula. This 38-year-old man had appendectomy six years ago because of colicky pain in the right lower abdomen (RLA). There are some reports on fistula formation in BD. In those, some are related to surgery and others are not. BD with cecocecal fistula, possibly associated with a past operation, has not been reported in the literature.
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ranking = 0.63636363636364
keywords = fistula
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7/98. Acquired ileal atresia and spontaneous reconstitution of intestinal continuity in a premature infant with necrotizing enterocolitis.

    An 849-g (26-week gestation) premature infant had pneumoperitoneum on the 20th day of life after having normal stools and accepting partial enteric alimentation. Percutaneous penrose drainage had to be performed on 2 consecutive days at 2 different sites (right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant), at which time she stabilized. Eleven days later, she started to pass stool, and oral feeding was begun (1 to 2 mL every 4 hours). Enteral intake could not be advanced because of repeated bouts of abdominal distension, despite having regular bowel motions. Gastrointestinal contrast radiographic investigation suggested a stricture of the ileum. At laparotomy (at age 2 months) ileal atresia with a "V"-shaped defect in the mesentery was found. Surprisingly, intestinal continuity was established via an ileoileal fistula. After resection and anastomosis, she recovered fully. Mesenteric and enteric vascular ischemia (necrotizing enterocolitis) produced acquired ileal atresia-a rare occurrence. More rare is the reestablishment of intestinal continuity by fistulization.
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ranking = 0.090909090909091
keywords = fistula
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8/98. Appendico-ileal fistula in cystic fibrosis.

    This report describes a young woman with cystic fibrosis presenting with small bowel obstruction. Intraoperatively, an appendix with a wide lumen was found with a fistula to the distal ileum.
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ranking = 0.45454545454545
keywords = fistula
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9/98. Spontaneous scrotal faecal fistula in an infant.

    A 2-month-old, full-term male presented with a left scrotal faecal fistula due to spontaneous bursting of an incarcerated inguinal hernia for 8 days, with complete decompression of the small bowel through it. Resection and end-to-end anastomosis of the engaged ileal loop was successfully done after incising the ring via the inguinal approach. Only two such cases have been reported in the world literature to date.
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ranking = 0.45454545454545
keywords = fistula
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10/98. Timing of surgery for enterovesical fistula in Crohn's disease: decision analysis using a time-dependent compartment model.

    OBJECTIVES: Previous decision analyses of inflam matory bowel diseases (IBD) have used decision trees and markov chains. Occasionally IBD patients present with medical problems that are difficult or even impossible to phrase in terms of such established decision tools. This article aims to introduce modeling by a time-dependent compartment mode and demonstrate its feasibility for decision analysis in IBD methods: A Crohn's disease patient presented with a pelvic abscess and an enterovesical fistula. Being hesitant to operate in an acutely inflamed area, the surgeon recommended that the patient continue antibiotic therapy until the abscess had re solved. The gastroenterologist argued that the patient had already been treated with antibiotics for a prolonged time period and expressed concern that the patient's overall diminished health status would deteriorate by further delay of surgery. The occurrence of fistula, abscess, urinary tract infection, antibiotic therapy, surgical operation, and health-related quality of life were modeled as separate compartments, with time-dependent relationships among them. The simulation was carried out on an Excel spreadsheet. RESULTS: In the model, the surgeon's predictions were associated with rapid resolution of the pelvic abscess under antibiotic therapy and improvement of the patient's health status. The gastroenterologist's predictions resulted in a smaller decline in abscess size and further deterioration of the patient's health while waiting for a definitive treatment. The disagreement between surgery and gastroenterology arose from predicting different time courses for the individual disease events, in essence, from assigning different time constants to the time-dependent influences of the disease model. CONCLUSIONS: The compartment model provides a simple and generally applicable method to assess time dependent-changes of a complex disease. The present analysis also serves to illustrate the usefulness of such models in simulating disease behavior.
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ranking = 0.54545454545455
keywords = fistula
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