Cases reported "Ileal Diseases"

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1/174. Gallstone ileus with impaction at the neck of a Meckel's diverticulum.

    We report a case of gallstone ileus in which the stone impacted at the neck of a Meckel's diverticulum. CT demonstrated the gallstone as a calcified mass in the lower abdomen. Gallstone ileus was diagnosed although a more accurate diagnosis was not obtained pre-operatively. The site of impaction was not typical and a blind loop filled with contrast materials was evident. We believe that this is the first report demonstrating this rare condition with imaging.
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2/174. Ovarian carcinoma with fistula formation to the sigmoid colon and ileum: report of a case.

    We describe herein an extremely rare case of clear cell type ovarian carcinoma resulting in fistula formation into the colon and intestine. The patient was a 61-year-old woman in whom a large tumor with extravasation from the sigmoid colon was found by barium enema examination. The tumor was preoperatively diagnosed as left ovarian cancer by angiography which showed the tumor feeder arising from the left ovarian and uterine arteries.
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3/174. Intra-operative enteroscopy for obscure gastrointestinal bleeding.

    Small bowel enteroscopy has been reported useful in the non-surgical evaluation of the small intestine in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding but findings may be limited due to incomplete small bowel intubation and a lack of tip deflection. Intra-operative enteroscopy (IOE) is accepted as the ultimate diagnostic procedure for complete evaluation of the small bowel in these patients. Two patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and deep anemia underwent IOE during surgical exploration. Angiodysplastic lesion with a diameter of 3 cm was found at jejunum in the first patient and segmental jejunal resection was performed. Enteroscopy showed red punctate lesions with a diameter of 1-3 mm located at proximal jejunum and extending to the ileum in the second patient. Total jejunal resection was performed. There was no recurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding during 36 months follow-up.
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ranking = 5
keywords = operative
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4/174. carcinoid tumor of the ileum with intestinal obstruction.

    An 83 year-old female presenting with intestinal obstruction due to a carcinoid tumor of the small intestine is herein reported. The intra-operative findings revealed a stenotic lesion and ischemic changes of the ileum. A segmental jejunotomy was performed and a submucosal tumor was recognized as a causal lesion. Histopathological investigation demonstrated the features of carcinoid tumor.
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keywords = operative
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5/174. A case of Crohn's disease with recurrent massive life-threatening hemorrhage from terminal ileum.

    A case of Crohn's disease that underwent bowel resection two times at 3-year intervals due to life-threatening hemorrhage from ileum is presented. The bleeding sites were located in the ulcer lesions of ileum, in the oral side near to the ileum-colon transition. The first bleeding point was at the longitudinal ulcer of the terminal ileum and the secondary bleeding site was at the profound ulcer of ileum appearing in the oral side near to the ileo-colic anastomosis. This is the first case of Crohn's disease with recurrent life-threatening massive hemorrhage in the terminal region of ileum, for which operative bowel resections were necessary. This case suggests that we should search for the bleeding site in ileal lesions developed in the circumference of and especially the oral side near to the anastomosis due to prior resection, when intestinal massive bleeding occurs again after bowel resection, and that the careful follow-up and strict treatment with diet therapy and/or anti-inflammatory drugs are necessary for the protection of recurrence in patients with Crohn's disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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6/174. Postoperative intussusception in childhood: case report.

    An eight year old female had laparotomy for general peritonitis due to acute appendicitis. Postoperative course was uneventful until the seventh day when abdominal pain, and distension and vomiting ensued which did not respond to conservative management. At repeat laparotomy, an ileoileal intussusception was found and reduced without difficulty. intussusception is an uncommon but important cause of postoperative intestinal obstruction. Since the typical features of intussusception are usually absent and radiology frequently unhelpful, a high index of clinical suspicion is necessary for early diagnosis and treatment to avoid strangulation and perforation.
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ranking = 6
keywords = operative
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7/174. Volvulus of the ileum in adult diagnosed pre-operatively by helical 3-dimensioned computed-tomography.

    A 46 year-old male who was strictly diagnosed as having volvulus of the ileum based on the pre-operative information brought by computed tomography (CT) and helical (spiral) 3-dimensioned computed tomography was surgically treated. The post-operative course was satisfactory and the patient is now under observation without any exacerbation of symptoms one year after surgery.
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ranking = 6
keywords = operative
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8/174. Ileal perforation due to a Richter hernia at the drain insertion site following an operation for idiopathic rectal perforation: report of a case.

    A case of a Richter hernia at the insertion site of the drainage tube following open abdominal surgery is reported. A 54-year-old man underwent an emergency operation for an idiopathic rectal perforation. A partial resection of the rectum and drainage using four 10-mm (outer diameter) drainage tubes with round cross sections was performed. Despite an uneventful early postoperative course, an emergency reoperation was required for peritonitis due to a bowel perforation 14 days after removing the drain inserted into the rectosacral space. A laparotomy revealed an incarcerated Richter hernia with ileal perforation through the 10-mm drainage site. The postoperative course after a partial resection of the ileum and drainage with Penrose drains was uneventful. This is the first report of a Richter hernia through the insertion site of a drainage tube in abdominal surgery. The possible occurrence of a Richter hernia in cases with postoperative drainage using large-size round drainage tubes should thus be considered in such patients.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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9/174. Mechanic intestinal obstruction--a possible presentation of perforated appendicitis.

    A 61-year-old man presented with diffuse abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and fever. On the initial diagnosis of gastroenteritis the patient received the antibiotic ofloxacine for one week. On admission plain abdominal radiograph suggested a mechanic intestinal obstruction. In computed tomography a conglomerate tumor in the ileocecal region was seen and the patient underwent laparotomy. The conglomerate tumor was mobilized and an abscess opened, which was caused by a perforated appendicitis. After the operation the patient improved immediately and had an uneventful postoperative course. He was released and did not suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms the following 16 months of follow-up. The present case shall set forth that perforated appendicitis can clinically present as intestinal obstruction. Although a rare complication, perforated appendicitis should therefore even be considered in cases of mechanic intestinal obstruction of unknown cause.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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10/174. Crohn's disease and intestinal endometriosis: an intriguing co-existence.

    OBJECTIVES: We present a series of eight female patients who came to surgery for complicated Crohn's disease of the terminal ileum (n = 7) or colon (n = 1). Indications for surgery were medically intractable disease in three, steroid dependence in four and ileal perforation in one. RESULTS: Histological examination using routine haematoxylin-eosin stained sections revealed the presence of intestinal endometriosis of the ileum (n = 6), colon (n = 1) or ileum and rectum (n = 1) in addition to the typical features of Crohn's disease. In particular, chronic transmural inflammation was observed in locations other than the endometriotic deposits, which were confined to the serosa in three, the muscularis propria in two, both the serosa and the muscularis propria in one and the serosa, muscularis propria and submucosa in two. In none of these patients had the diagnosis of intestinal endometriosis been suspected pre-operatively based on clinical (gynaecological) or radiological tests. CONCLUSION: Intestinal endometriosis and Crohn's disease can occur simultaneously. The diagnosis is often only made after surgical resection of the diseased segment. In Crohn's disease, endometriosis of the terminal ileum seems more common.
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