Cases reported "ileus"

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1/48. Laparoscopically assisted enterolithotomy for a gallstone ileus in an atypical location.

    Mechanical intestinal obstructions caused by gallstones occur in approximately 1% to 2% of cases. In most of the patients, the obstruction occurs at the ileocecal valve. However, gallstones may cause obstruction anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract from the stomach to the sigmoid colon. Laparoscopically assisted enterolithotomy can be used as a treatment method. This report describes a case in which a gallstone blockage caused a mechanical obstruction in an atypical location, which was successfully treated with a laparoscopically assisted approach. ( info)

2/48. Toriello-Carey syndrome associated with respiratory failure and non-mechanical ileus.

    Toriello-Carey syndrome comprises agenesis of the corpus callosum, telecanthus, small palpebral fissures, Pierre Robin sequence, abnormal ears, and cardiac defects. We report a boy who has some additional findings, including a severe respiratory failure and intestinal dysmotility. The boy died of these two disorders at age 13 months. Histological examination revealed pulmonary immaturity and a defect of smooth muscle cells in the longitudinal muscle coat of the intestinal musculature, both of which might explain some aspects of the pathophysiology of the patient. ( info)

3/48. Splenic injury presenting with isolated scrotal findings in a stable newborn.

    Splenic injury in a newborn is a rare occurrence. It typically presents as an acute abdomen in an unstable patient. The authors present a case of splenic injury in a stable newborn infant with isolated scrotal findings. Workup included a testicular ultrasound scan with colorflow Doppler as well as abdominal and pelvic computerized tomography. The patient was treated nonoperatively with serial hematocrits and examinations and was discharged home after a brief hospital course. ( info)

4/48. Prolonged ileus as a sole manifestation of pseudomembranous enterocolitis.

    BACKGROUND: Pseudomembranous colitis usually manifests as fever and diarrhea in hospitalized patients treated with systemic antibiotics. We present a case that represents a unique variant. CASE PRESENTATION: The 44-year-old man suffered of several weeks of abdominal pain, low-grade fever, nausea, vomiting, and lack of bowel movements. Upper gastrointestinal barium swallow and passage series revealed evidence of severe intestinal hypomotility. A thorough evaluation for the cause of the patient's ileus and abdominal pain was unrevealing, and symptomatic treatment was ineffective. Following the administration of opiates and dietary fiber supplementation the patient's abdominal pain and distention rapidly worsened, requiring an urgent subtotal colectomy. The macroscopic and microscopic appearance of the excised colon as well as results of the colonic cytotoxin essay and fecal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay essay confirmed the diagnosis of severe clostridium difficile induced pseudomembranous colitis as the cause of the patient's illness. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Clostridium-difficile induced disease consisting of prolonged ileus in the absence of diarrhea in a patient not previously taking antibiotics. ( info)

5/48. Bouveret's syndrome complicated by a distal gallstone ileus.

    AIM: gastric outlet obstruction caused by duodenal impaction of a large gallstone migrated through a cholecystoduodenal fistula has been referred as Bouveret's syndrome. Endoscopic lithotomy is the first-step treatment, however, surgery is indicated in case of failure or complication during this procedure. methods: We report herein an 84-year-old woman presenting with features of gastric outlet obstruction due to impacted gallstone. She underwent an endoscopic retrieval which was unsuccessful and was further complicated by distal gallstone ileus. physical examination was irrelevant. RESULTS: endoscopy revealed multiple erosions around the cardia, a large stone in the second part of the duodenum causing complete obstruction, and wide ulceration in the duodenal wall where the stone was impacted. Several attempts of endoscopic extraction by using foreign body forceps failed and surgical intervention was mandatory. Preoperative ultrasound evidenced pneumobilia whilst computerized tomography showed a large stone, 5 cm x 4 cm x 3 cm, logging at the proximal jejunum and another one, 2.5 cm x 2 cm x 2 cm, in the duodenal bulb causing a closed-loop syndrome. She underwent laparotomy and the jejunal stone was removed by enterotomy. Another stone reported as located in the duodenum preoperatively was found to be present in the gallbladder by intraoperative ultrasound. Therefore, cholecystoduodenal fistula was broken down, the stone was retrieved and cholecystectomy with duodenal repair was carried out. She was discharged after an uneventful postoperative course. CONCLUSION: As the simplest and the least morbid procedure, endoscopic stone retrieval should be attempted in the treatment of patients with Bouveret's syndrome. When it fails, surgical lithotomy consisting of simple enterotomy may solve the problem. Although cholecystectomy and cholecystoduodenal fistula breakdown is unnecessary in every case, conditions may urge the surgeon to perform such operations even though they carry high morbidity and mortality. ( info)

6/48. Recurrent small bowel obstruction after laparoscopic surgery for gallstone ileus.

    Gallstone ileus is an uncommon cause of small bowel obstruction. A patient presenting with gallstone ileus was managed in our department by laparoscopic enterolithotomy. Postoperatively, the patient developed recurrent small bowel obstruction due to the presence of a second gallstone. It is therefore important to exclude the possibility of multiple gallstones at the initial operation. ( info)

7/48. Urgent urological management of the paraplegic/quadriplegic patient.

    Individuals who have become paraplegic or quadriplegic as a result of trauma, disease, or surgery can offer a challenge to any member of the health care team when it comes to the treatment of medical conditions. Some urological conditions may precipitate an episode of autonomic dysreflexia, which is a syndrome that usually affects individuals with a spinal cord injury above T6. Having the necessary knowledge and experience to deal with this patient population can bring a welcomed sense of relief to patients who present to the emergency department with an urgent urological condition. ( info)

8/48. Small bowel perforation after incomplete removal of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy catheter.

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a well-established technique for providing long-term nutritional support. The advantages and most frequent complications have been widely documented, but less is known about the danger of removing or replacing a PEG by cutting the device at skin level without endoscopic assistance to ensure the removal of the inner part. laparotomy is often required in elderly and high-risk patients to relieve an intestinal obstruction or perforation. We describe a fatal case of small bowel perforation, resulting from the inability to remove an inner bumper. ( info)

9/48. diagnosis of gallstone ileus by serial computed tomography.

    An unusual case of choledocholithiasis followed by gallstone ileus documented by serial computed tomography is reported. A 91-year-old woman underwent gastrostomy because she repeatedly developed aspiration pneumonia, and a common bile duct stone was detected. She and her family refused surgery once symptoms resolved. One year later, she presented with increasing, intermittent abdominal pain and nausea. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a common bile duct stone with inflammatory changes, but the patient still refused surgery. Three months later, she was admitted with abdominal pain and vomiting. On admission, plain abdominal radiographs demonstrated proximal small bowel obstruction. A long ileus tube was inserted through the gastric fistula. Two days after admission, gallstone ileus was diagnosed on abdominal computed tomography based on the presence of pneumobilia, disappearance of the common bile duct stone, fluid-filled bowel loops, and the discovery of an impacted stone in the small bowel. Ten and 15 days after admission, repeated computed tomography demonstrated the impacted stone in the terminal ileum. Seventeen days after admission, a laparotomy was performed, and a 5x3-cm gallstone was removed through an ileotomy. ( info)

10/48. Giant mesenteric lipoma as a rare cause of ileus in a child: report of a case.

    Mesenteric lipoma is a rare benign tumor of mature fat cells. Although generally asymptomatic, it occasionally causes abdominal pain, ileus, and small bowel volvulus, depending on its location and size. A definitive diagnosis can be made by pathological examination. ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography show this lesion as a well-defined, homogeneous mass with fat density surrounded by a thin capsule. Because of its rare etiologic origin, we report the case of a 7-year-old girl with a mass in the abdomen and ileus, found to be caused by a mesenteric lipoma. ( info)
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