Cases reported "Intestinal Diseases"

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1/63. Internal hernias and gastric perforation after a laparoscopic gastric bypass.

    A 27-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic Rouxen-Y gastric bypass. A retrocolic-retrogastric herniation of most of the small bowel and later a gastric perforation due to internal hernia at the mesenteric defect of the jejuno-jejunostomy occurred. These unusual, but not rare, complications are directly related to the neoanatomy that follows gastric bypass and can lead to rapidly progressing and life-threatening situations. Proper evaluation of clinical signs and symptoms, early abdominal CT scan, and urgent operative intervention are mandatory to achieve a successful outcome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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2/63. Laparoscopic surgery after orthotopic liver transplantation.

    Laparoscopic surgery is currently a widely accepted approach to several surgical fields because of its advantages in terms of postoperative pain reduction and easy patient recovery. This approach may be useful even in solid-organ transplantation surgery as a diagnostic or treatment procedure in some surgical complications. From July 1991 to December 1998, we performed 142 liver transplantations on 129 patients. During the postoperative period, many complications occurred. Here we report two cases of intestinal occlusion caused by adhesions and three cases of lymphocele, all approached with laparoscopic surgery. In all cases but one, we were able to complete the surgery by laparoscopic means; in one of the two occlusions, the procedure was switched to laparotomy because of a choledochojejunal anastomosis lesion. The three cases of lymphocele must be considered in a particular manner because such cases, to our knowledge, have never been described in the literature. They always presented with a late-onset right pleural effusion and were located in the retrohepatic, retrogastric, and left paracaval areas, close to the esophageal hiatus. In conclusion, we believe a laparoscopic approach is a useful strategy to solve some surgical complications in patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation; however, the use of laparoscopic surgery in this field is strictly connected to the surgeon's experience and versatility.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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3/63. Simplified laparoscopic approach to "second-look" laparotomy: a review.

    Acute mesenteric vascular accidents are being diagnosed more commonly as a consequence of an aging population and often result in emergency bowel resection for ischemia. Because predicting postoperative intestinal viability remains difficult, second-look laparotomy has been advocated to improve outcomes. Recently, laparoscopy has emerged as an alternative to laparotomy for the diagnosis and treatment of ongoing postoperative ischemia. A review of the literature since 1994 reveals that, to date, 19 procedures have been reported to prevent 13 (68%) unnecessary laparotomies. We describe our laparoscopic second- look technique and review the literature. Second-look laparoscopy has been shown repeatedly to be a safe alternative to laparotomy. It is simple and reduces negative second-look laparotomy in critically ill patients.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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4/63. Hepatic and small bowel mucormycosis after chemotherapy in a patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia.

    mucormycosis is a rare but invasive opportunistic fungal infection with increased frequency during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The clinical infections due to Mucor include rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, gastrointestinal and disseminated diseases. The first two are the most common diseases and all entities are associated with a high mortality rate. Still hepatic involvement of Mucor is rarely reported. We experienced a case of hepatic and small bowel mucormycosis in a 56-year-old woman after induction chemotherapy for B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. Initial symptoms were a high fever unresponsive to broad spectrum antibiotics and pain in the left lower abdominal quadrant. It was followed by septic shock, deterioration of icterus and progressively elevated transaminase. An abdominal CT demonstrated multiple hypodense lesions with distinct margins in both lobes of liver and pericolic infiltration at small bowel and ascending colon. diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy of the liver. The histopathology of the liver showed hyphae with the right-angle branching, typical of mucormycosis. The patient was managed with amphotericin b and operative correction of the perforated part of the small bowel was performed. However, the patient expired due to progressive hepatic failure despite corrective surgery and long-term amphotericin b therapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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5/63. Laparoscopic management of intestinal endometriosis.

    Intestinal involvement by endometriosis traditionally required open laparotomy for bowel resection and anastomosis. Operative laparoscopy may offer the most effective form of treatment for these women. Two women with endometriosis of the rectum and right hemicolon, respectively, underwent transvaginal resection of the rectum and laparotomy for hemicolectomy, assisted by laparoscopy. The only morbidity was postoperative ileus in the former patient. Both women were asymptomatic at the 6-week postoperative visit.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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6/63. Primary locally infiltrative gastrointestinal aspergilloma in a non-neutropaenic child.

    A 21-month-old male child presented with malnutrition and painless abdominal masses. The masses were provisionally diagnosed as being abdominal lymphoma. Pre-operative investigations did not establish any other cause. The diagnosis of primary gastrointestinal aspergilloma was obtained only post-operatively by histopathology and tissue culture. Following surgery, the tumour grew rapidly and massively despite intravenous amphotericin-B, in the recommended doses. The tumour caused recurrent intestinal obstruction which necessitated multiple extensive surgical excisions. The patient finally died due to sepsis and gastrointestinal bleeding. We believe this to be the first description of a primary gastrointestinal aspergilloma with aggressive local infiltration in a non-neutropenic child.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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7/63. Herniation of the small bowel through the port site following removal of drains during laparoscopic surgery.

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Generally, the port site is used as the delivery route for drainage after laparoscopic abdominal surgery. We report this case because of the rarity of the complication related to laparoscopic procedures. methods: A 75-year-old woman underwent a laparoscopic-assisted sigmoid colectomy for early stage cancer. RESULTS: After the operation, her postoperative course was uneventful. However, just after removing the drains, the small bowel was found to have herniated through the port site used as the insertion route for the drains. An emergency relaparotomy was done and a segment of the necrotic small bowel had to be resected. CONCLUSION: To prevent this complication, we suggest that, first of all, in elderly and thin patients smaller trocar insertion sites (<10 mm) should be utilized as insertion routes for the drains and, secondly, the fascial defect should be closed just after removing the drains whenever the defect measures 10 mm or more in size.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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8/63. Cecal perforation presenting as abdominal-wall necrotizing fasciitis.

    The preoperative diagnosis of a cecal perforation associated with salmonella infection as a cause of abdominal-wall necrotizing fasciitis (AWNF) is clinically difficult. Computed tomography of the abdomen is helpful, and can detect the combined presence of a pneumoscrotum and pneumoperitoneum. Its presence indicates a patent processus vaginalis, which acts as the primary route for the spread of the intra-abdominal infectious process into the abdominal wall. An exploratory laparotomy should be done to confirm the presence of intra-abdominal pathology in order to avoid delayed treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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9/63. Internal hernia caused by meckel diverticulum in an infant: report of one case.

    intestinal obstruction caused by internal hernia due to meckel diverticulum is a rare disease. The condition is seldom diagnosed preoperatively. In this paper, we present a 10-month-old boy who suffered from abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, and mild fever for 2 days. Abdominal sonography, plain abdomen X-ray, and computed tomography merely showed mechanical ileus and partial malrotation. However, exploratory laparotomy revealed a meckel diverticulum through which the small bowel had herniated. We introduce the meckel diverticulum and internal hernia and discuss intestinal obstructions.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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10/63. Translevator gluteal hernia.

    The authors report a case of a posterior translevator gluteal hernia in a woman with recurrent prolapse. This case illustrates the need to be aware of extravaginal perineal hernias. MRI proved useful in diagnosing this case preoperatively. This case highlights the need to exclude any associated pelvic hernias in women with complex prolapse preoperatively.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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