Cases reported "Intestinal Fistula"

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1/214. In situ repair of a secondary aortoappendiceal fistula with a rifampin-bonded Dacron graft.

    Secondary aortoenteric fistulas remain challenging diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Although the duodenum is most frequently involved, other intestinal segments are possible sites for fistulization. We report here a case of graft-appendiceal fistula revealed by recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding 11 years after abdominal aortic aneurysm replacement. The preoperative diagnosis was not achieved by endoscopy or imaging assessment. Despite recommended principles of total graft excision and extraanatomic bypass, appendectomy and in situ rifampin-bonded graft reconstruction were performed because of the advanced age and poor arterial runoff. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient remains well 17 months after operation.
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2/214. Development of a colocutaneous fistula in a patient with a large surface area burn.

    A 61 year old female sustained a large surface area burn, complicated by inhalation injury. One month before the incident, she had undergone a left hemicolectomy with colorectal anastomosis for diverticular disease. Due to the severity of her burns, multiple surgical debridement and skin grafting procedures were required, including a large fascial debridement of her flank and back. Her hospital course was complicated by recurrent episodes of pulmonary and systemic infection, as well as pre-existing malnutrition. Prior to her discharge to a rehabilitation center, stool began to drain from her left posterior flank. This complication represented a colonic fistula arising from the recent colon anastomosis. The fistula was managed nonoperatively and gradually closed. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a colocutaneous fistula spontaneously draining from the abdomen via the retroperitoneum in a burn victim, not related to direct thermal injury to the peritoneal cavity.
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3/214. Primary aorto-duodenal fistula secondary to infected abdominal aortic aneurysms: the role of local debridement and extra-anatomic bypass.

    Gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to spontaneous rupture of an infected abdominal aortic aneurysm into the duodenum is a rare and highly lethal clinical occurrence, representing roughly a third of all primary aortoduodenal fistulas. diagnosis is problematic due to the subtleties in the clinical presentation and course, and surgical treatment is usually delayed, representing a challenge even for the experienced vascular surgeon. The overall mortality is over 30% and the operative approaches are still controversial. Two cases of ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysms complicated with aortoduodenal fistula were recently treated at our institution. Bacterial aortitis was documented by arterial wall cultures positive for klebsiella and salmonella species respectively. The clinical courses and outcomes of the two patients (one survivor ) treated with retroperitoneal debridement and extra-anatomic bypass and a review of the modern surgical treatment are herein described.
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4/214. Ovarian carcinoma with fistula formation to the sigmoid colon and ileum: report of a case.

    We describe herein an extremely rare case of clear cell type ovarian carcinoma resulting in fistula formation into the colon and intestine. The patient was a 61-year-old woman in whom a large tumor with extravasation from the sigmoid colon was found by barium enema examination. The tumor was preoperatively diagnosed as left ovarian cancer by angiography which showed the tumor feeder arising from the left ovarian and uterine arteries.
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5/214. Tuberculous infection of the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta: case report and literature review.

    We report here a case of infrarenal aortic disruption and aortoduodenal fistula secondary to tuberculous aortitis in a 77-year-old man. From a review of experience with operative management of tuberculous infection of the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta reported in the English-language literature, including the current report, we found that operative repair was attempted in 26 patients with tuberculous aortitis of the abdominal (n = 16), thoracic (n = 8), and thoracoabdominal (n = 2) aorta. Six patients had emergent operations for massive hemoptysis (n = 2), aortoduodenal fistula (n = 2), or abdominal rupture (n = 2), with an associated 30-day mortality of 50%. Elective or semi-elective repair was undertaken in 20 patients, of whom 19 (95%) survived for at least 30 days. On the basis of limited experience with this rare entity, in situ graft replacement is an appropriate treatment of tuberculous aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms of the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta.
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6/214. gallbladder carcinoma with choledochoduodenal fistula: a case report with surgical treatment.

    A 79 year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of upper abdominal pain and nausea. A mobile tumor was palpable in the right upper abdomen. Abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography and celiac angiography revealed a gallbladder tumor. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed a fistula 1.5 cm oral to the orifice of the papilla of Vater, dilatation of the common bile duct, and a filling defect in the gallbladder. Pancreatoduodenectomy associated with reconstruction using Imanaga's method was performed under a pre-operative diagnosis of gallbladder carcinoma with choledochoduodenal fistula. The gallbladder contained a tumor and two bilirubin stones impacted in the orifice of the duodenal papilla. Histological studies confirmed that the gallbladder tumor was a mucinous adenocarcinoma and had not infiltrated the bile duct. We speculated that choledochoduodenal fistula stimulated the development of cancer due to chronic irritation from pancreatic juice reflux.
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7/214. Two cases of aorto-gastrointestinal fistula.

    We report two cases of aorto-gastrointestinal fistula. Case 1, a 60-year-old man, suffered from repeat hematemesis. He was preoperatively diagnosed as aortoesophageal fistula with thoracic aortic aneurysm and was successfully treated by graft replacement of the aneurysm. Case 2, a 73-year-old man, presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding, yet repeat endoscopical examination did not reveal the origin of the bleeding. He died of catastrophic hematochezia. The pathological findings at autopsy revealed an aortoduodenal fistula. These two cases suggested the importance to consider an aorto-gastrointestinal fistula in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
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8/214. A case of bilioduodenal fistula treated with a self-expandable metallic stent.

    We report the case of a 72 year-old female patient who suffered from biliary fistulae. The biliobiliary and bilioduodenal fistulae appeared after an operation for biliary bleeding. Conventional therapy for biliary fistula would be the disconnection of the fistula by either conservative or operative treatment. In the present case, however, it was preferable to enlarge the fistula to drain bile juice into the duodenum, rather than to close the fistula because it would have been difficult to achieve a tight adhesion with this operation. The enlargement by a plastic tube stent failed to drain the bile juice into the duodenum, because the sludge made the tube stenotic. Therefore, a self-expandable metallic stent was applied in this case. An expandable stent was used because a large final caliber is necessary to prevent stenosis of the fistula by sludge and mucosal hyperplasia. After insertion of a self-expandable metallic stent by the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage route, the patient has not suffered from cholestasis and cholangitis for the last 30 months. It can therefore be concluded that enlargement of the fistula by a self-expandable metallic stent is a convenient therapy for such biliointestinal fistulae.
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9/214. Large abdominal wall herniae: an easy method of repair without prosthetic material, with the induction of pneumoperitoneum.

    Large abdominal wall herniae may pose problems of management, particularly in the presence of obstructive airway and cardiovascular disease. Preoperative induction of pneumoperitoneum usually permits the anatomical repair of large herniae without complications and without the use of prosthetic materials to close the defect.
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10/214. Spontaneous multiple cholecystoenteric fistulas--a case report.

    Spontaneous multiple cholecystoenteric fistulas are relatively rare complications of chronic cholecystitis. One cholecystoduodenal and two cholecystocolonic fistulas were observed in a 65-year-old woman whose symptoms included fever, chills, jaundice, diarrhea, and prolonged right upper quadrant pain. Pneumobilia, which is a pathognomonic sign of bilioenteric fistula, was also detected by her plain abdomen X-ray on admission. Both types of fistulas were correctly diagnosed preoperatively by barium enema, upper GI series and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography. The patient was referred for surgery and fistulas were identified during laparotomy. cholecystectomy, division of these fistulas, and primary repair of these bowel defects were successfully performed. The postoperative course was unremarkable. We report this unusual case and briefly review the hypothesized pathogenesis, typical symptomatology, radiographic diagnosis, complications and therapeutic modalities of this condition.
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