Cases reported "Intestinal Obstruction"

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1/1596. Separate sac of peritoneum: a case of an unusual cause of intestinal obstruction.

    Internal hernia is a rare condition. These hernias are classified in different categories, depending on the location of its orifice. It should be considered in cases of acute intestinal obstruction, particularly in the absence of an external hernia or in the absence of history of previous abdominal surgery. The authors report a unique case of obstruction of the small bowel, that was almost entirely wrapped in a separate peritoneal sac.
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2/1596. Distal neonatal intestinal obstruction: the choice of contrast material.

    The use of barium sulfate as the contrast agent of choice in the radiographic evaluation of distal neonatal intestinal obstruction is advocated. The advantages of Gastrografin or other water-soluble contrast materials are far outweighed by their disadvantages, which include the hazards of hypertonic dehydration and the danger of missing the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease. Five patients are presented, all of whom had the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease missed in the neonatal period with one use of Gastrografin enemas. All five were subsequently admitted to the Surgical Neonatal intensive care Unit, critically ill with enterocolitis of Hirschsprung's disease.
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3/1596. Idiopathic chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Use of central venous nutrition.

    patients with idiopathic chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction suffer from malnutrition because of inability to maintain adequate oral intake without the development of obstructive symptoms. We have successfully used central venous nutrition in two patients with this syndrome, both on a short-term and long-term home-maintenance basis. Hyperalimentation can provide adequate nutrition in patients with intestinal pseudo-obstruction until normal bowel function returns or until definitive therapy for this chronic disease is found.
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4/1596. Richter's hernia: a rare presentation of abdominal tuberculosis.

    intestinal obstruction due to Richter's hernia has not been reported in abdominal tuberculosis. This 21-year-old man with abdominal tuberculosis presented with small gut obstruction due to Richter's hernia associated with ascites and patent right processus vaginalis (PV). He underwent laparotomy with reduction of Richter's hernia and closure of the PV at the right deep inguinal ring.
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5/1596. Bowel obstruction caused by dislocation of a suprapubic catheter.

    In patients with a suprapubic catheter, the differential diagnosis of acute lower abdominal pain must include a possible dislocation of this device. We report a case that illustrates such a complication, leading to bowel obstruction in our patient.
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6/1596. Transomental strangulation. A rare case of an internal hernia.

    A case report of a transomental herniation of the small intestine is given. Thirty-six cases of this type of intestinal obstruction are reported in the literature. The history was that of an intestinal obstruction and the diagnosis was settled at laparotomy, as in most of the reported cases. The etiology is obscure by (a) abdominal trauma, (b) inflammation, and (c) congenital defects in the omentum appear to be the most likely.
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7/1596. Acute small bowel obstruction due to ileal endometriosis: a case report and literature review.

    A young women presented with non-resolving acute small bowel obstruction and was found to have a stricture in the distal ileum at laparotomy. Histologically this was due to endometriosis. Resection of the involved segment gave excellent results.
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8/1596. Functional intestinal obstruction due to deficiency of argyrophil neurones in the myenteric plexus. Familial syndrome presenting with short small bowel, malrotation, and pyloric hypertrophy.

    In 3 infants functional intestinal obstruction, associated with a short small intestine, malrotation, and pyloric hypertrophy, was shown to be due to failure of development of the argyrophil myenteric plexus, with the absence of ongoing peristalsis. 4 infants with similar clinical features have been described previously, and there is evidence for an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance of this syndrome.
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9/1596. The pattern of intestinal obstruction in malaysia.

    This is a review of 261 patients operated for 271 instances of mechanical intestinal obstruction over a 5-year period in a developing country in the tropics. The pattern of intestinal obstruction in Chinese is similar to that in Caucasians, where adhesions account for the largest number of cases. The occurrence in Malays, Indians, Pakistanis and Ceylonese is similar to that in other developing communities where external hernia is commonest while adhesive or tumour obstruction is rare; however, these racial groups do not exhibit the high incidence of intussusception and volvulus found in africa and india. The operative mortality was 13-9 per cent, which is comparable to that in Western series. The major adverse factors in intestinal obstruction, i.e. extremes of age, associated disease, gangrenous bowel, large bowel obstruction and malignancy, were confirmed. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance was frequent, as in other tropical series, but with intensive preoperative correction it was not an important adverse factor.
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10/1596. Colonic obstruction due to sigmoid muscular hyperplasia.

    We report a case of acute colonic obstruction initially presumed to be secondary to acute diverticulitis, necessitating emergent surgical intervention. Pathologic examination failed to reveal evidence of inflammation, fibrosis or neoplasia. Marked hypertrophy of the sigmoid circular muscle layer was documented and thought to be the etiology of the colonic obstruction.
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