Cases reported "Intestinal Perforation"

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1/2. Serologic examinations in acute appendicitis.

    Authors studied the formation of endotoxic antibody level in healthy adults and in patients with appendicitis with a technique (indirect haemagglutination) not used till now. They found the antibody level against endotoxin to be increased in 91% of their patients in the postoperative period. Decrease in the antibody level against endotoxin was observed in two patients with gangrenous appendicitis and two patients with perforated appendicitis. Summarizing their results, authors consider mixed (aerobic, anaerobic) infection to be of decisive importance in the development of acute appendicitis, contributing to the weakened immune response of the host.
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ranking = 1
keywords = endotoxin
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2/2. Masking of the symptoms of esophageal and bowel perforation by combination treatment of sepsis with polyvalent immunoglobulins and low-dose hydrocortisone.

    sepsis is usually treated with surgical drainage, antibiotics, oxygenation optimization and volume resuscitation. Recent monoclonal and polyclonal anti-bodies have been used to treat sepsis by neutralizing the endotoxins and cytokines found in septic patients. This method does not significantly reduce mortality except in certain sub-populations of the treatment groups. We introduced a combination approach for sepsis treatment. This adjuvant therapy consists of polyclonal human immunoglobins together with infusion of low-dose hydrocortisone. This paper reports the results of this treatment in two different cases.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = endotoxin
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