Cases reported "Intestinal Volvulus"

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1/60. Caecal volvulus following laparoscopy-assisted sigmoid colectomy for sigmoid volvulus.

    CASE PRESENTATION. We report a case of caecal volvulus in a patient who underwent laparoscopy-assisted sigmoid resection for sigmoid volvulus 1 year previously. DISCUSSION. Clinico-radiological features and the management of metachronous sigmoid and caecal volvulus are discussed. ( info)

2/60. Midgut volvulus in an adult patient.

    The authors report on a case of midgut volvulus in a 27-year-old man who presented with bilious vomiting and acute abdominal pain. US demonstrated a reversal of the normal relationship between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV). A clockwise whirlpool sign, diagnostic for midgut volvulus, was not visualised. In a further assessment, upper gastrointestinal series demonstrated obstruction in the second part of the duodenum highly suspicious of Ladd's bands. Malpositioning of bowel structures, as already suggested by the reversal of the SMA and SMV on ultrasound, and a distinctive whirl pattern due to the bowel wrapping around the SMA was demonstrated on CT. Furthermore angiography revealed focal twisting of the SMA. US is the first imaging modality to perform in suspicion of midgut volvulus. When inconclusive, CT is in our opinion the next stage in the diagnostic work-up. ( info)

3/60. A small bowel volvulus caused by a mesenteric lipoma: report of a case.

    A 31-year-old man underwent a laparotomy for acute intestinal obstruction symptoms, which he had intermittently experienced for 14 years. The cause of the obstruction was due to a volvulus of the small bowel caused by a mesenteric lipoma. This is a rare finding, which is ideally diagnosed by computed tomography, with surgery the best and most highly recommended treatment. This particular presentation, to the best of our knowledge, has not yet been previously reported in the English language. ( info)

4/60. Spigelian hernia associated with strangulation of the small bowel and appendix.

    Spigelian hernia is a rare lateral ventral abdominal hernia. These clinically elusive hernias are treacherous and have a real risk of strangulation. We present a patient with a strangulation of the small bowel and appendix in a right spigelian hernia, which was accurately demonstrated by spiral computerised tomography preoperatively and successfully treated with primary suturing reinforced with polypropylene mesh. With a high index of suspicion and the use of modern radiological technique, these "bewildering" hernias can be diagnosed and repaired relatively safely. ( info)

5/60. Laparoscopic sigmoidopexy by extraperitonealization of sigmoid colon for sigmoid volvulus: two cases.

    Sigmoid colectomy-open or laparoscopic-has been advocated as the treatment of sigmoid volvulus. This has a higher incidence of morbidity and mortality. We have successfully treated 2 cases of recurrent sigmoid colon volvulus with laparoscopic sigmoidopexy by extraperitonealization of the sigmoid colon. Laparoscopic sigmoidopexy by this technique has not been reported before. The first patient was a 20-year-old male and the second was a 72-year-old female. In both patients, initial detorsion of volvulus was achieved by rectal tube. As the colon was nongangrenous, elective laparoscopic sigmoidopexy by extraperitonealization of the sigmoid colon was performed 4 days after the detortion. Operative times were 50 minutes and 70 minutes. Both patients were discharged from the hospital on the third postoperative day. There has been no recurrence of volvulus over a period of 6 and 7 months. There were no complications. In conclusion, laparoscopic sigmoidopexy by extraperitonealization of the sigmoid colon may become a superior alternative for the treatment of sigmoid volvulus with nongangrenous colon. ( info)

6/60. Acute loss of the small bowel in a school-age boy. Difficult choices: to sustain life or to stop treatment?

    A 9-year-old boy lost almost all his small bowel after an acute volvulus due to a congenital, but previously unsuspected malrotation. survival using total parenteral nutrition is possible in these cases, but the medical burden is heavy. Small intestinal transplantation was performed for the first time in the netherlands in 2001 and this patient was treated 3 years earlier. The results of bowel transplantation are not as good as in kidney or liver transplantation. A method of Ethical Case Deliberation helped to elucidate the importance of each contribution in the discussion and provided space and a broad basis for decision-making. The parents refused to allow parenteral nutrition to be started because of the bad prospects for quality of life in the future and the medical team, after thorough deliberation with specialists throughout the country, and consultation of the literature, agreed. CONCLUSION: Despite the many different opinions, the parents felt accepted in their refusal of treatment for their son and the team accepted the decision. ( info)

7/60. Small bowel obstruction caused by congenital mesocolic hernia: case report.

    Transmesocolic hernias are extremely rare. Their exact incidence is still unknown. A strangulated hernia through a mesocolic opening is a rare operative finding. Preoperative diagnosis still is difficult in spite of imaging techniques currently available. This is the case of a 4-month-old boy with transmesocolic internal hernia and coincident intestinal malrotation and volvulus of small bowel. ( info)

8/60. Extreme short bowel syndrome in a full-term neonate--a case report.

    Massive small bowel resection often leads to long-term parenteral nutrition. The authors present a term-born, 3-day-old boy with midgut volvulus in whom only 17 cm of small bowel was left after resection. This patient was weaned from parenteral nutrition after 7 months. Temporary parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis was treated with ursodeoxycholic acid. ( info)

9/60. Massive gastrointestinal bleeding in infants with ascariasis.

    Although infestation with ascaris lumbricoides causes various intestinal complications, massive gastrointestinal bleeding is rare. The authors report on 2 infants who presented with massive hematemesis. In the first patient, a gastroduodenoscopy was performed. Roundworms were found adhering to an oozing duodenal ulcer. Duodenal perforation occurred after extraction of the parasites. The second case was hematemesis together with peritonitis. Exploration found volvulus and a gangrenous segment of the distal ileum. Both infants previously passed roundworms with their stool. The authors conclude that the intestinal ascariasis can be a cause of massive gastrointestinal bleeding, especially in temperate and tropical countries. ( info)

10/60. emphysema of the abdominal wall obscuring postcesarean volvulus. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: emphysema of the abdominal wall occurs after infection with gas-forming organisms or when intraabdominal gas has a mechanical pathway to the retroperitoneum. CASE: emphysema of the abdominal wall associated with volvulus developed after cesarean delivery. CONCLUSION: Postcesarean abdominal pathology may be associated with emphysema of the abdominal wall. ( info)
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