Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/43. Acute abdominal pain and urgency to defecate in the young and the old: a useful symptom-complex?

    In the belief that "pattern recognition" is an important first step of the diagnostic process, we report our observation of an uncommon and heretofore poorly documented symptom-complex in 10 patients, and suggest that the constellation of abdominal pain and urgency to defecate in the acutely ill surgical patient should raise the diagnostic possibility of intra-abdominal bleeding. In our experience, this is statistically likely to be associated with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in the old and a ruptured ectopic pregnancy in the young.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/43. Disseminated cystic lymphangiomatosis presenting with acute abdomen: report of a case and review of the literature.

    lymphangioma is an uncommon tumor. Lymphangiomatosis, a benign tumor consisting of a cluster of dilated lymphatic channels, is very unusual. Most lymphangiomatoses are found in the neck and head area. Less than 5% are diagnosed intraabdominally and they are very infrequently encountered in the retroperitoneal area. Herein, we report a rare case of a 32 year-old woman who had disseminated intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomatosis, which presented as acute abdomen. She received exploratory laparotomy due to the suspicion of malignancy, which was finally confirmed as cystic lymphangiomatosis. The clinical manifestations, imaging features, and management of this patient are discussed and compared with previous literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/43. Accidentally delayed diagnosis of ruptured ovarian carcinoma in a young woman: a care report.

    Ovarian carcinoma commonly occurs in postmenopausal women and often presents with an insidious course. Acute abdomen is rarely an initial symptom. When these patients present with abdominal discomfort, the disease has already spread throughout the peritoneal cavity. We present a case of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a young woman who presented with acute abdomen and intra-abdominal bleeding. This 24-year-old woman was previously diagnosed with a ruptured left ovarian cystic tumor at a primary clinic. She underwent emergency exploratory laparotomy, followed by unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the clinic. No thorough examination of the peritoneal cavity was done during surgery. The diagnosis of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma was accidentally over-looked until one month later when she returned for routine follow-up. Upon referral to our clinic, the patient underwent a repeat laparotomy. The surgicopathologic diagnosis was intraperitoneal carcinomatosis stage IIIC that could not be excised completely, even though rigorous staging surgery including washing cytology, total abdominal hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, appendectomy, infracolic omentectomy and excision of any suspicious and removable lesions were performed. This case alerts us to consider the possibility of ovarian malignancy when a young woman presents with an acute abdomen secondary to ruptured ovarian cystic tumor and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Careful preoperative preparation and thorough intrasurgical examination of the peritoneal cavity along with a prompt pathologic diagnosis of suspicious lesions will prevent missed diagnoses.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/43. Persistent mullerian duct syndrome with torsion of an intra-abdominal seminoma.

    Persistent Mullerian Duct syndrome (PMDS) is a particular form of male pseudohermaphroditism. Due to the absence or inactivity of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS), no regression is observed of the mullerian ducts in a genotypical and phenotypical male individual. This leads to the development of fallopian tubes, uterus and proximal vagina. The testes often lie intra-abdominally and are exposed to malignant degeneration. A case is described in which the diagnosis of PMDS was made by laparotomy for an acute abdomen, caused by torsion of a seminoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/43. Ruptured aneurysm of the visceral artery: report of two cases.

    We present herein two cases of a ruptured aneurysm of the visceral artery. The first case involved a 74-year-old man with abdominal pain who was admitted to our hospital with a tentative diagnosis of intra-abdominal bleeding of unknown origin. Computed tomography revealed a hematoma in the greater curvature of the stomach. At surgery, a hematoma along the right gastroepiploic artery was found and totally removed. Histological examination showed a pseudo-aneurysm of unknown etiology. The second case involved a 68-year-old man with progressive anemia who presented with spontaneous intra-abdominal bleeding. A ruptured aneurysm of the accessory middle colic artery was diagnosed by superior mesenteric angiography. The ruptured aneurysm was ligated and totally resected without a colectomy. Histological examination showed a pseudoaneurysm of unknown etiology. The postoperative courses were uneventful, and both patients were doing well at the time of writing.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/43. capnocytophaga canimorsus sepsis presenting as an acute abdomen in an asplenic patient.

    Acute abdominal symptoms are frequently caused by surgical intra-abdominal problems. However, the differential diagnosis also includes several internal diseases. Overwhelming infections may present with acute abdominal signs, particularly in the immunocompromised host. Asplenic patients are highly susceptible to infections with encapsulated bacteria such as streptococcus pneumoniae, haemophilus influenzae and neisseria meningitidis. Severe infections due to capnocytophaga canimorsus (DF2), are also common in this group. C. canimorsus is a Gram-negative rod, present as a commensal organism in cat and dog saliva. We describe the atypical presentation of a fatal C. canimorsus-sepsis in a 46-year-old man, who underwent traumatic splenectomy two decades earlier.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/43. Primary torsion of the greater omentum: report of a case.

    Primary or idiopathic torsion of the greater omentum is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain, often mimicking other acute abdominal conditions. The diagnosis is usually made at laparotomy, with the presence of free serosanguinous fluid in the absence of any other intra-abdominal pathology being suggestive of this condition. Resection of the infarcted segment is the treatment of choice, offering rapid recovery and reducing the possibility of adhesion formation. We report a case of primary omental torsion and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of this entity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/43. Sporadic intra-abdominal desmoid with acute abdomen.

    We report a 72-year-old man with sporadic intra-abdominal desmoid tumor manifesting as acute abdomen. CT scan revealed an air-containing tumor 7 cm in diameter; three weeks later, the tumor had shrunk to 4 cm on antibiotics. At surgery, a tumor arising from the transverse colon mesentery and infiltrating the jejunum was resected. No recurrence occurred over a 1-year follow-up.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/43. Double omental hernia--case report on a very rare cause of intestinal obstruction.

    INTRODUCTION: We report a case of transomental herniation of the ileum through a defect in the gastrocolic ligament with re-emergence through a defect in the gastrohepatic ligament. This type of herniation is extremely rare and a review of the literature is presented. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old Chinese male presented with signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction. TREATMENT: An urgent laparotomy was undertaken and he was found to have a rare form of intra-abdominal hernia. The hernia was reduced and the defects were closed. OUTCOME: Postoperative recovery was unremarkable. CONCLUSION: Urgent operation should not be delayed because of the high mortality associated with strangulation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/43. Cryptorchid testicular tumour presenting with torsion.

    An undescended, cryptorchid testis is predisposed to 3 to 40 times risk of malignancy. Torsion of a cryptorchid testis is more difficult to diagnose than a normally placed testis. We present a case of a 25-year-old man with acute abdomen due to the torsion of an intra-abdominal testis. Subsequent histopathology of the testis revealed seminoma, making this single testis the seat for triple pathology. Orchidectomy was done followed by radiotherapy. A follow-up of upto nine months showed no recurrence or metastases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = intra-abdominal
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->



We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.