Cases reported "Intraabdominal Infections"

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21/43. Torsion of intra-abdominal testicle. Case report.

    A 19-year-old youth with known right cryptorchidism had repeated attacks of acute abdominal symptoms, previously transient but now intensifying. Surgical exploration revealed a gangrenous intra-abdominal testis, which was successfully removed. Histologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of torsion.
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22/43. liver cell adenoma presenting as acute abdomen.

    A 31-year-old female presented with a sudden onset of acute abdominal pain in the right hypochondrium. Two days later, the patient was in shock and suffering from severe intra-abdominal bleeding. Investigations showed that the bleeding originated in the right lobe of the liver. The patient had been taking oral contraceptives for seven years. She underwent a laparotomy and right lobectomy of the liver which was performed successfully for bleeding cell adenoma. The patient made a full recovery.
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23/43. Pain insensitivity in schizophrenic patients. A surgical dilemma.

    Some schizophrenic patients have decreased pain perception while others have decreased pain expression. These factors frequently lead to difficulties in the diagnosis of acute intra-abdominal surgical emergencies. Increasingly large numbers of schizophrenic patients are being cared for in the community. It is therefore imperative that surgeons be acutely aware of the diagnostic dilemmas presented by this group of patients so that misdiagnosis is avoided and appropriate surgical therapy is instituted in a timely manner.
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24/43. Gastric rupture from blunt abdominal trauma.

    Gastric rupture from blunt abdominal trauma is a rare occurrence. Six patients are presented and reviewed with the literature since 1930. Several features of the diagnosis and management of this injury are emphasized, including a strong association with thoracic trauma and a high incidence of intra-abdominal abscess formation which results from massive intraperitoneal contamination. mortality is not usually from gastric rupture per se, but rather from concomitant vascular or neurologic injury. The key to survival for these patients is early operative intervention and an aggressive approach to reoperation and drainage of abscesses.
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25/43. Torsion of intra-abdominal non-malignant testis. A case report.

    Intra-abdominal torsion of a non-malignant testis in a 15-year-old boy presented as an "acute abdomen", necessitating emergency laparotomy. The case is reported.
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26/43. Cystic intra-abdominal testicular torsion in an infant.

    We report on a 3-month-old infant with cystic intra-abdominal testicular torsion. He presented with abdominal distension and pain. physical examination showed a movable, well delineated mass in the right iliac and lumbar fossae. Exploration revealed that the mass was connected to the abdominal aorta by a thin vascular cord that was twisted before reaching the mass. The histological study showed that the mass corresponded to a testis with cystic formations. The testicular parenchyma was necrotized, although isolated seminiferous tubules were found. The cystic cavities were filled by hematic and necrotic material, and exhibited no epithelial lining. A fibrous layer in continuity with interstitial hemorrhage surrounded the cysts. The twisted vascular cord corresponded to a spermatic cord with dilated pampiniform plexus veins. The differential diagnosis and the etiopathogenesis of the lesion are discussed.
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27/43. Spinal epidural abscess presenting as acute abdomen in a child.

    Spinal epidural abscess is seldom encountered in children and rarely occurs in the absence of spinal pain. A case is described in which a child with a thoracic epidural abscess presented with abdominal rather than spinal pain. Thoracolumbar radicular inflammation and visceroparietal reflexes initiated by a s'spinal ileus' probably produced the symptoms and signs of acute intra-abdominal disease. Consideration of intraspinal disease is advisable in all cases of acute abdomen which exhibit atypical features.
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28/43. Emergency laparotomy immediately after coronary bypass.

    Eight patients required emergency laparotomy in the immediate postoperative period after coronary artery bypass (CAB). Cardiac complications were few and minor. sepsis was the major cause of mortality. In the two patients who died, delay in operative management contributed to their deaths. The lack of cardiac causes of morbidity and mortality in our series and others suggests that a stable postoperative coronary bypass patient represents a better surgical risk than the same patient preoperatively. Therefore, aggressive management, including early laparotomy, for suspected intra-abdominal pathology after CAB is recommended to avoid uncontrollable sepsis and death.
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29/43. Acute abdomen masquerading as acute retention.

    Urologists should remain constantly alert for patients with acute abdominal emergencies who may be admitted under their care with the erroneous diagnosis of acute retention. These cases are not uncommon. The patients may be suffering from suppression of urine, or their inability to pass urine may be the predominant symptom of their intra-abdominal catastrophe. When catheterization has yielded only a small amount of concentrated urine and has failed to relieve the patient's discomfort, think of an acute abdomen, investigate this possibility and treat the patient accordingly.
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30/43. abdominal pain due to enterobius vermicularis.

    The authors describe an unusual case of an 11-year-old girl who had right lower quadrant pain due to unilateral salpingitis, suppurative omentitis and periappendicitis. The etiologic agent was the parasite enterobius vermicularis. A review of the literature revealed that pinworm may be the cause not only of appendicitis, but of inflammatory reactions in other intra-abdominal sites and that the frequency of this occurrence is probably higher than has previously been suspected.
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