Cases reported "Intracranial Hypotension"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/35. Transient oculomotor cranial nerves palsy in spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

    Transient sixth cranial nerves palsy may occur in rare cases after lumbar puncture, spinal anesthesia and myelography as well as in more rare cases of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. We report three cases of spontaneous intracranial hypotension with sixth cranial nerves palsy. One of these patients presented also third cranial nerve palsy, never reported in spontaneous intracranial hypotension.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/35. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

    PURPOSE: To describe a patient with classic presentation of spontaneous intracranial hypotension and subsequent improvement with targeted epidural blood patch. methods: Report of one case and review of the literature. RESULTS: Examination of cerebrospinal fluid after lumbar puncture disclosed a reduced opening pressure, an increased level of protein, and lymphocytic pleocytosis. magnetic resonance imaging of the brain with gadolinium showed diffuse enhancement of the pachymeninges, no evidence of leptomeningeal enhancement, and chronic subdural fluid collection. Radionuclide cisternography demonstrated reduced activity over the cerebral convexities, early accumulation of radiotracer in the urinary bladder, and direct evidence of leakage at the cervicothoracic junction (C7-T1). Clinical, laboratory, and radiologic features were consistent with the diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Therapy with a targeted epidural blood patch resulted in the rapid resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In this report, we describe a classic case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension in a 63-year-old man with an initial presentation of postural headaches, blurred vision, pain in the left eye, diplopia on left gaze, and neck soreness.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/35. Low-pressure shunt 'malfunction' following lumbar puncture in children with shunted obstructive hydrocephalus.

    Most shunt malfunctions present with signs and symptoms of high intracranial pressure, and computed tomography scans demonstrate ventricular enlargement. However, several authors have described a rare 'low-pressure' hydrocephalic state in which ventricular enlargement can occur in the face of low, or even negative, intracranial pressures. We report 2 children with obstructive hydrocephalus in whom this 'low-pressure state' followed a lumbar puncture; in both children, the shunts were functioning properly despite increased ventricular size on computed tomography scans, and all symptoms resolved (and the ventricles returned to baseline) following a period of enforced recumbency without shunt revision. We hypothesize that subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid leakage through the puncture site in the lumbar theca decreases the intracranial pressures globally to a point below the opening pressures of the shunt valves. The ventricular cerebrospinal fluid, unable to be drained through either the subarachnoid space or the shunt, accumulates within the ventricular system under low pressure. One consistent feature in our 2 patients has been the postural nature of the headaches. We recommend enforced recumbency and, if necessary, a blood patch to seal the lumbar leakage. Shunt revision or prolonged external ventricular drainage appears to be unnecessary in these patients. Finally, neurosurgeons should be aware of this potential complication.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/35. MRI findings in lumbar puncture headache syndrome: abnormal dural-meningeal and dural venous sinus enhancement.

    intracranial hypotension (IH) is a treatable cause of persistent headaches. Persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak at a lumbar puncture (LP) site may cause IH. We present postcontrast MRI of a patient with post-lumbar-puncture headache (LPHA) showing abnormal, intense, diffuse, symmetric, contiguous dural-meningeal (pachymeningeal) enhancement of the supratentorial and infratentorial intracranial dura, including convexities, interhemispheric fissure, tentorium, and falx. MRI also showed abnormal dural venous sinus enhancement, a new finding in LPHA, suggesting compensatory venous expansion. Thus, IH and venodilatation may play a role in the development of LPHA.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/35. New-onset headache in an adolescent with MASS syndrome.

    A 15-year-old girl with the "MASS" phenotype (meeting several of the minor criteria for marfan syndrome) presents with a new onset low-pressure postural headache. Clinical features and magnetic resonance imaging suggested intracranial hypotension, which was confirmed with lumbar puncture. The pathophysiology and treatment of spontaneous intracranial hypotension are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/35. Giant cervical epidural veins after lumbar puncture in a case of intracranial hypotension.

    A 29-year-old woman presented with dilated epidural veins and incapacitating headache after undergoing a lumbar puncture. Two months later, the results of follow-up MR imaging were normal. These findings suggest that temporary dilation of the epidural vein may occur in association with post-lumbar puncture intracranial hypotension syndrome. In these cases, it seems useful to confirm whether the patient has recently undergone a lumbar puncture.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/35. arm pain as an unusual presentation of postdural puncture intracranial hypotension.

    Implications: We report a case of a patient experiencing severe arm pain after dural puncture. This complication has not been reported previously. The patient was successfully treated with an epidural patch.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/35. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension successfully treated by epidural patching with fibrin glue.

    We report a case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension due to a cerebrospinal fluid leak at the C2 level, which was successfully treated by epidural fibrin glue patching. Epidural blood patching was performed twice, first with 6 mL of autologous blood and then with 10 mL, but the intracranial hypotension was unresponsive. Although successful treatment of postdural puncture headache and persistent leak after intrathecal catheterization by epidural patching with fibrin glue has been reported, fibrin glue has not been previously applied in spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Our observation suggests that epidural patching with fibrin glue should be considered in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension, if epidural blood patching fails to resolve the symptoms.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/35. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension during pregnancy.

    BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is characterized by postural headache associated with low cerebrospinal fluid pressure. CASE: A 37-year-old Japanese woman, gravida 3, para 2, had sudden onset of severe postural headache at 8 weeks' gestation, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Results of medical and neurologic examinations were normal, and there was no measurable cerebrospinal fluid pressure on lumbar puncture. brain magnetic resonance imaging showed diffuse subdural fluid collection and a narrowing of the ambient cistern, confirming the diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. After a month of bed rest and intravenous fluid infusion, all symptoms subsided gradually and did not recur. CONCLUSION: Obstetricians should be aware that spontaneous intracranial hypotension can occur in pregnancy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/35. epidemiology and outcome of postural headache management in spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is a postural headache syndrome unrelated to dural puncture. Due to the apparent failure of epidural blood patch to relieve headache in spontaneous intracranial hypotension, we investigated the epidemiologic features and treatment outcomes of this condition. methods: The clinical findings and management of 22 cases (21 published 1 reported) of spontaneous intracranial hypotension were analyzed retrospectively. The study population was stratified by age and sex; continuous variables were compared for differences by t-tests; categorical variables were compared by Fisher exact tests. Significant differences were identified by P values of.05 or less. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 43 /- 16 years, with a female:male ratio of 3.4:1.0. Females with spontaneous intracranial hypotension were younger (P =.050) than males. Men presented with tinnitus (P =.021) and visual field defects (P =.009) more often than women. Meningeal enhancement on contrast magnetic resonance imaging was the most consistent radiographic finding. Radionuclide cisternography showed thoracolumbar dural leaks in 7 of 9 patients. Cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure was low in all patients (33.13 /- 31.02 mm H(2)O). Epidural blood patch was performed in 8 patients, repeated in 3 patients, failed in 3 patients, and offered only transient improvement in 5 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension was more common in women than men, was not uniformly responsive to epidural blood patch, and had significant comorbidities. The management of postural headache in spontaneous intracranial hypotension by other techniques to restore cerebrospinal fluid dynamics and prevent its leakage should be investigated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Intracranial Hypotension'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.